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th Elmham (England 



Ancient churchwardens' 
accounts in the parish of 











Ilorth ]::lnlian, Eng. (parish) 

Ancient churchv/ardcns * accounts in the parish 
of north Elinlian, fron A.D. 15:59 to A,D. 1577, 
with descriptive notes and a glossary, by 
Augustus Oeorrc Le/rrc... ITornich, Ooose, 

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PARISH OF :n'oeth elmham. 



(klt.f ^XCOHUtJi 



FROM A.D. 1539 TO A.D. 1577. 




Author of "The Ancient Elmham Register." 











A.D. 1539. 

Corpus Christi Guild— Hallowmas— John Taverner— Sale of Church Candle- 
sticks—The Camping Close— Eepairs to the Church Clock and to S. James' 
and S. John's Chapels— Normandy Canvas for rocketts— The Fairstede— Bell 

Bawdricks, pp. 7 — 10. 

A.D. 1540. 

The House of Carbroke— Rent paid to Thomas, Lord Crumwell— Death of 
Will. Eumer, Churchwarden— The Stocks of Guilds— Mr. Ferror and Sir John 
Elverich— The Beacon— The Proctor of S. John— Simon Dethycke, "Baly" of 
the Manor of Nowers — Chest for the Common Light, pp. 10 — 13. 

A.D. 1541. 

The Great Bible placed in the Church— Stone brought from the dismantled 
Abbey of Walsingham for Church Eepairs, pp. 13, 14. 

A.D. 1542. 

Sale of Church Plate, the silver on the Cross containing the Eelics, and the 
Silver Shoes on the brown Eood's feet— Pillars and Stone brought from 
Walsingham Parva for the repairs of the Church— The taking down and re- 
hanging of the Bells, pp. 14—19. 

A.D. 1543. 

Sale of Eelics— The King's Works at Gyens— Bricks and Tyles brought from 
Hoe — The Town Butts— Wax for the Common Light — Benefactors' Obite 

Day, pp. 19—22. 

A.D. 1544. 

"Quethodes" of Simon Dethyke, Eichard Silvester, late Yicar of North 
Elmham, and Thomas Haywardo- The King's Mill— Mr. Smythe's Obite— The 



Churchwardens summoned before the King's Commissary at Gayton and 
Litcham, pp. 23 — 30. 

A.D. 1545. 

Gogneye's " quethode"— Panes of Clerestory and other windows renewed— 
Boots, Swords, and Daggers for Soldiers— Girdles for Albs— Repairs to the 
Censers, pp. 30—34. 

A.D. 1546. 

Anne TaTerner of Brisley— The Church Gate Plough— Light and Offering at 
the Obite Day of the Benefactors and of Mr. Smythe and Collett his Wife— A 
Lantern provided to bear light before the Sacrament— Eepairs to the red Cope— 
The Sepulchre— The Churchwardens ordered to attend before Commissioners at 
East Dereham, and give in an account of all Chantries and Perpetuities— 
Eepairs to the best Canopy, the Cross Cloth, and the green Cope with roses, 
pp. 34—38. 

A.D. 1547. 
Sale of Crocks and Trenchers— Light and Offering on the Obite Day of all the 
Benefactors-A Sword and a Dagger for a Soldier- Repairs to a Pinnacle and to 
the Window "vpon y^bellsoller "—Two Tables for Altars brought from Norwich 
—Children's Copes— Payment to the Ptingers on the Death of Henry VIIL- 
Sale of the Sacred Vessels belonging to the Church, and the Purchase of Two 
Chalices— The High Cross, pp. 38—42. 


A.D. 1548. 

Sum received for the Sale of Church Plate— Lenten Veils for the Pood Loft 
and Images— Light and Offering for Benefactors— The Chapel of Becke— A 
Bible and the Paraphrase of Erasmus placed in the Church— The Poor Folks' 
Che.^t— The Churchwardens before the King's Commissioners at Walsingham— 
Colouring the Panes of the Table at the High Altar and the forepart of the 
Pood Loft— Purchase of Bows and Arrows, and the Making of the Town Butts 
—Swords and Daggers for Soldiers, pp. 43—47. 

A.D. 1549. 
Gift for Mending the Highways-Mr. Dethyke's Bequest-Tho Priory at 
Norwich pays half the Expense of a Bible and Paraphrase-Sale of the Wax 
for the Common Light-A Cheese, Malt, and Wheat provided for the Ringers 


on Hallowmas Night— The Churchwardens at Fakenham to deliver in a 
Certificate of Plate, Jewels, Ornaments, Bells, and "suche other "—Painting 
of the Clothes hanging before the Choir and Sepulchre — A Lectern made and 
placed at the Choir Door— Two Books and Two Psalters for the New Service, 
together with Three Books Noted, '*Accordyng to y^ seyd order "—Church- 
wardens at Litcham to hand in an Account of all Chantries, pp. 48—52. List 
of Church Lands, pp. 87—90. 

A.D. 1550. 

Sale of the " sett" of the Common Light, Altar Clothes, and other things ; 
also of Antiphones, Grayles, Legends, Mass Books, &c.— ''Ye Chapell of y« 
Beck "—A Mat supplied " to lie before y^ Table of y Lord to knele on " — Repairs 
to the Stocks — The Setting Forth of the Elmham Soldiers to the Camp at 
Norwich iu the matter of Ket's Rebellion — Carts, Horses, and all kinds of 
Provisions provided by the Church Fund for their Needs in Camp — " M' Vicar 
and other " oommanded to appear before the Commissioners and the Archbishop 
of Canterbury's Visitors at Fakenham — Removal of the High Altar and Altar 
Stone, and the setting up of the former in the midst of the Choir — Two Psalter 
Books and Locks for the same and others belonging to the New Service — 
Whitening of the New Altar and Ministering Table — "M' Vycare & other'"' 
commanded to appear at Litcham, and to bring with them all the Books of the 
Old Service — Taking down of the Bells, pp. 52 — 60. 

A.D, 1551. 

Sale of the old Altar, the Sepulchre, a Banner Cloth, and " other olde thyngs " 
used in the former Service — New Stocks set up — Churchwardens at Walsingham 
before the Bishop's Visitors — A Form placed in the Chancel for Communicants 
to sit upon — Payment for the Ministering Table — A Carpet Cloth for the same, 
pp. 60—64. 

A.D. 1552. 

Legacy left by Richard Pers — Loss to the Church Fund by the depreciation 
of money, pp. 64 — 67. 

A.D. 1553. 

Payment for repairs to Whissonsett Church — " Diggyng down" of an old 
Wall on the north side of the Church — Churchwardens before the Com- 
missioners at Walsingham, with an Inventory of Church Goods — A Book of 




the new Sorvice, and Stools for the Mini^steiing Table supplied — Churchwardons 
at Lynn before the Commissioners, to hand in an Inventory of Church Goods, 
pp. G7— 71. 

[No Accounts in 1554-5]. 

A.D. 1556. 

Fully and Line for the Font— The Churchwardens and Questmen before the 
Visitors at Walsingham— Mending the Viol— Books of the new Service taken 
to Norwich, the former (Latin) Service being now in use, pp. 71, 72. 

A.D. 1560. 

[Brief Account for the past five years, p. 73]. 

A.D. 1561. 

James Taverner— Visitation at Walsingham— The Tower, i.e., Bishop 
Spencers dismantled Castle— Mr. Coke— Suit Fine of Lands in Beetley and 
Elmham— The Capitular Court— Eemoval of the Eood Loft— Setting up of 
the Ten Commandments— Eents paid to the Friory at Norwich, and to the 
House of Carbroke— The Bishop's Injunctions, pp. 7o— 76. 

A.D. 1562. 

Malmesey Wine in use for Holy Communion— A New Fsalter— First Mention 
of Copies made from the Eogister Books, pp. 76, 77. 

A.D. 1563. 

The Churchwardens at S waff ham, before the Queen's (Eliz.) Collector for the 
Town Lands— A New Homily Book, pp. 77, 78. 

A.D. 1564. 

The Churchwardens again at Swaffham, before the Queen's Collector- 
Amercement of the Town Lands, pp. 78, 79. 

A.D. 1565. 

Eepairs to the Stocks and Bell Gudgeons, pp. 79, 80. 









A.D. 1566. 

The First Book of Homilies and the Queen's Injunctions— Mr. Ducket, Vicar- 
Sir John Franckelin, Clerk— The Clerk of the Market— The King's Mill- 
Bishop's Visitation, pp. 80—82. 

A.D. 1567. 

Mr, Goggeneye— Mr. Clere— A new Chalice, p. 82. 

A,D. 1568. 
Amercement of the Butts, p. 83. 

A.D. 1560—1568. 

A Calendar to the Service Book, pp. 83, 84. 

A.D. 1568-1571. 

Symon Shytle, a refractory Churchwarden — A gift of two !Milch Cows and 
Twenty Shillings to the Town by Henry Euston, Clk. — Foxes, Folecats, and 
Wild Cats' Heads — Line for the Town (rook) Net — Amercement of the " Towno 
]STeate "— " Office " Land— The Sanctus Bell— Subsidy of the Town Lands— Wine 
supplied at " Hewghe Dikes," and " Eicharde Eeades Bridall " — A Eook Net — 
Making of the Butts, pp. 84—87. 

A.D, 1571-1577. 

Legacy of £3 left to Town by Henry Euston, Clk., p. 87— Eec^ipt for the 
Plow Light, p. 90. 


Bishops of North Elmham 1 

Vicars ,, ,, 3 

Lands held by the Churchwardens 5 

Notes 91 

Glossary 13.'{ 

Proper Names . . . . • .142 

Latin Terms 144 



HE following pages, a transcript of the earliest 
Churchwardens' Accounts in the possession of the 
Parish of North Elmham, derive no inconsiderable 
interest from the fact that they begin at the time (1539) 
when Thomas, Lord Crumwell, Henry YIII.'s Vicegerent, 
held sway in the Parish as Lord of the Manor of lowers — 
in other words, he owned what is now known as the 
Elmham Estate. They show, amongst other matters of 
import, how rigidly the Eeformation was here carried out. 
The ancient Church Plate is sold; the High Altar, Sepulchi^e, 
and Images of Saints are removed; the Books of the old 
Service are taken to [N'orwich; and a ^^ Ministering Table," 
together with a form for the Communicants to sit upon, is 
set up in the midst of the Choir. In the reign of Mary, 
the books of the English Service are in turn ejected. 

In the published Preface to the Ancient Register, I 
have already placed on record a brief sketch of parochial 
history, which it will be unnecessary to repeat here. But 




as the following Accounts are mainly concerned with the 
Church, it will be of interest to make some allusion to 
the building itself. Built, as it is, upon the highest ground 
in the Parish, it becomes an attractive object to the eye 
from a considerable distance, though the great length of 
the Xave serves rather to dwarf the height of the Tower, 
which presents in other respects a sightly and massive 
appearance. The style is good early Perpendicular, and 
it is surmounted by a battlement and pinnacles, with an 
extinguisher-like spire, — a modern addition which had been 
better omitted. Entering by the Tower, the visitor passes 
through a Galilee Porch, enriched with roses, trefoils, &c. 
Overhead are some mutilated figures, which, as the Church 
is dedicated to S. Mary, may have been intended to represent 
the Annunciation ; on either side two huge gurgoyles mount 
guard. On the left, just within the doorway, will be seen 
three early English stalls, having miserere seats. At the 
restoration of the Church in 1882, copies of these were 
made and placed north and south on either side of the 

A massive Elizabethan * Screen separates the Tower from 
the JS'ave, which is reached by (what, perhaps, is somewhat 
uncommon) a descent of several steps. From the top of 

* My authority for this is the late Mr. rhipson, who was employed as Architect in 1882, 
but I am of opinion that the Screen is Jacobean, and not Elizabethan. There are two 
entries in the Churchwardens' Accounts which would seem to confirm this:— (1) in 
1624, " If p^ to ffrancs floid for his work about the |?tic6n (partition) betweene the 
steeple ^ the church, xx5." ; and (2) in lG2o, " IV pi to ffrances fluid for workinge the 
frame betwentj the church ^ the steeple, x^.'' 



these a full view of all the architeclural beauties of the 
Church mav be obtained. The Kavc is 173 ft. in length, 
and, including the north and south Aisles, 431 ft. in 
width. It is lofty, in six bays, the arches being supported 
by early English pillars, alternately round and octagon. 
Above is the Clerestory, having a triple -lighted window 
over each arch. There is also a window over the Chancel 
arch, looking east. Each Aisle is lighted by five double 
windows, with Decorated tracery in the heads. The western- 
most one on the south side differs from the rest, being 
three-lighted and Perpendicular. The Ts"ave has fortunately 
retained the original ancient benches with richly-carved 
ends and poppy-heads. ToAvards the upper end new 
ones, after the model of the old, and prepared by the 
skilful hands of Messrs. Cornish and Gaymer of Isortli 
Walsham, took the place of pews at the restoration of 
1882. At the same time the pews in the Chancel were 
removed, and the stalls, to which I have before alluded, 
and Choir seats, the carving of which will delight the 
most critical eye, were introduced. 

The attention of the lover of antiquity will be drawn 
to the beautiful Jacobean Pulpit standing on the south- 
west side of the Chancel arch. An interesting history 
is attached to it. It was made and carved by Francis 
Eluit, Eluide, or Floyde, who, as stated in a note in 
the Eegister Book, "began to be dark y^ 24 of June, 
1605." He was Clerk for fortv-six years, and if famous 
as a skilled workman during his life, he was certainly 






as remarkable in bis deatb. His burial took place on 
tbe 29tb of August, 1G51, and ''be was foure score 
and tooe years of age t/ie day he ivas huricdy In 1G14 
there is an entry in another Churchwardens' Book, 
'' It^ pi to ffrancs fluid for making y^ pulpit, xx-s.," and 
again in 1G26, "for finishinge the pulpitt, iiijV/. iiJ5. iiij'/.;" 
it would seem, therefore, that the labour of carving it took 
him twelve years to complete. In the vestry, forming tbe 
door to a cupboard, is an exquisite piece of his workmanship; 
it originally supported the sounding board, and has cut 
upon it the words, "Francis Floyde me fecit, a.d. 1G26." 
On the Pulpit front will be noticed the very appropriate 
motto, Verhum Dei manet in eternum. 

Some years ago, about 1851, when a former so-called 
restoration took place— Mr. Carthew, in the Hundred of 
Launditch^ says he can scarcely speak of it with patience — 
this ancient work of art was cast out, pronounced by the 
then architect to be roilc7i. Mr. Earlow, the late Rector of 
West Toftrees, happily rescued it from destruction, and 
obtained permission to set it up in his own Church. At 
the restoration of 1S82 he magnanimously returned it to 
the Parish, and, so far from being rotten, the workmen who 
did some slight necessary repairs to it found the wood hard 
enough to break their tools. But the Pulpit is not the only 
memorial of Francis Floyde's handiwork. The skilfulness 
of the same hand is to be traced on the Altar Table. The 
front is finely carved with grapes and vine leaves, and in 
the centre are the words, Vera Vitis Chrsts, with the 

date 1G22, in which year occurs the following entry in the 
Churchwardens' Book: — "I? p"^ to ffrancs fluid for making 
the comunion table for goold <« cullers (t other things as 
appeers by his bill, xxxiiiJ5." 

In 1G24 he made a journey to King's Lynn in order to 
see a free mason about a new Font, which cost the Church 
fund Ixs, It was brought from Lynn m 1G25, but does 
not appear to have been set up until the following year, 
when he is paid iij^. iiij^. for " leaddinge " it, and xiiijt/. 
for "hewinge the (Purbeck) marble" which formed the 
base. It originally stood upon three steps, but unfortunately 
did not escape tlie spoiler's hand in 1851, when it was 
reduced to its present mean form. The Altar Rails were made 
and set up in 1G85, and, like the Font, were considered to be 
too high, and were cut down at the same period of desecration. 
If the Pulpit had its vicissitudes, certainly, and even more so, 
had the Rood Screen. Sawn asunder in obedience to the 
injunctions of Elizabeth, and hacked about by the Puritanic 
frenzy of the Commonwealth, what little of it remained in 
situ was banished to out-of-the-way parts of the Church till 
1851. Portions of it were then discovered, face downwards, 
flooring some of the pews. The relics have now been placed 
in their original position at the entrance to the Chancel, and 
enough is left to show how exquisitely beautiful it must have 
been in the days of its prime, when, no doubt, it extended 
from north to south of the Church. 

The dimensions of the Chancel are about -42 ft. 3 in., by 
18 ft. 7 in., and the thickness of the walls 2 ft. 8 in. ILiixh 

" *t- * -"S, 





up in the south wiill, close under the roof, and looking into 
the adjoining Chapel of S. James, is a small round-headed 
Is'orman arch, broadly splayed inwards, and terminating in a 
narrow aperture. Mr. Carthew mentions another of the same 
size and character on the opposite wall, but in this he is in 
error. There are traces, however, of another on the same 
side, and near to the existing one. The Sedilia and double 
Piscina are original, and are good bold specimens. The 
priest's door is introduced in a very singular manner, 
diagonally, across the angle formed by the south w^all of the 
Chancel and the east wall of the Chapel, at the west end of 
which formerly stood the Eood Staircase, built out upon the 
exterior wall. Alas ! in 1851 the itching fingers of the 
spoiler could not rest till it was taken clean away. Here, in 
the Chancel, may be seen the oldest part of the Church. The 
piers of the arches opening on either side into the north and 
south Chapels (the former dedicated to S. John and the latter 
to S. James) are of Ts'orman style, and no doubt are the 
remains of Eishop Herbert de Losinga's work, who is known 
to have built a Church at Elmliam. The Chancel is separated 
from the Chapels by two light and beautifully-carved Screens, 
placed there in 1882. At the west end of the Church two 
boards record the names of the Bishops of Dunwich, 
Elmham, Thetford, and Norwich. The roofs are plain open 

Passing to the exterior of the Church, the south doorway 
is Early English, with a plain Decorated porch. The north 
doorway is the same date, early English, with a very singular 


corbel table over it, supporting a horizontal projection. Mr. 
Carthew expresses himself to be puzzled by it. It ajipears 
to be composed of ornamental stones taken from another 
building, and I have no doubt myself that these fragments 
originally came from the ruins of "Walsingham Abbey, 
whence, as will be seen in the following pages, stones were 
conveyed for the repairs of the Church.* 

With reference to the restoration which took place in 1882, 
I shall be pardoned if, with some feelings of honest pride, I 
quote, word for w^ord, from the lips of an unknown visitor to 
the Cliurch in October, 1886, whose impressions of the 
manner in wdiich it was carried out appeared in a local paper 
with the signature of " Linder " attached to it. He says :— 
^'The next day, a very short journey {i.e., from Lowestoft) 
will take the rambler to [^orth Elmham, and there he will 
find a Church which will well repay his visit, though the 
village is a very quiet one, and none would imagine, from a 
ciu'sory glance, that it had contained a Castle as well as a 
Cathedral. The latter was a wooden one certainly, but still 
it was a Cathedral, and the place was a favourite residence of 
the Bishops ; but the tide of life has surged over this place 
as completely as the sea over Dunwich, and but few take an 
interest in its existence. On entering the Church, the depth 
of it seems first to strike the eye. Several steps have to be 
descended, but when this is done, the only feeling is one of 
unfeigned admiration. Everything has been done that pride 

* For this slight sketch of the Church's history I am mainly indebted to Mr. 
Carthew's Hundred of Zaunditch, from which I have made copious extracts. 

M-=«iBt ^ 



and ailection could do for a lovely Church. Almost the first 
thing the visitor sees is a list of the Bishops of Dimwieh and 
Elmham. Bisus, the fourth Bishop, divided the See in 673, 
making this the seat of the Bishops of Norfolk, while Dunwich 
remained the seat of the Bishops of Suffolk. Those curious 
names, what a history they are in themselves ! Their very 
dust, where is it ? Some, douhtless, carried hy the sea to 
unknown regions : and still, they, being dead, yet speak. 
The carving here is most beautiful. It has been copied, as 
closely as possible, from the original ; and well has the 
design been carried out. The beautiful Screen has been 
restored to its place; but when we are told that it was 
discovered under the floor of the pews, we marvel that it 
was not lost altogether, as well as the priceless Pulpit 
which was thrown amongst a heap of rubbish in a yard, and 
only saved by an energetic Rector picking it out and carrying 
it to his own Church, where it remained in safety till it was 
claimed and welcomed back at the restoration. We will not 
say the last restoration, for the one before was not worthy 
the name. AYe could spend hours in this place, and we think 
all true lovers of Churches will say the same after their 
visit. Besides, there is a great deal that is interesting to the 
archaeologist in the Yicarage grounds. But we think enough 
has been said to show that many ha2)py hours might be spent 

And now just one word, in conclusion, to those whose eyes, 
whether archaeological or otherwise, may happen to light 
upon these pages. I absolutely refuse to lay any, the 


XVI 1 

smallest, claim to the exalted title of anticjuary. I am only 
a mere tvro, a simple amator temporis acti^ a lover of the 
past. The critic, especially if he be of bilious temperament, 
will no doubt discover many faults, although I trust a hick 
of seemly modesty on the part of the writer will not be one 
of them. If faults there be, as no doubt there are, I can 
only submit that, in conjunction with other erring mortals, 
I do but suffer from a disease which experience shows to be 
more chronic than epidemic, namely, ignorance. The notes 
which will be found at the end of the volume will give no 
new information to the advanced antiquarian ; but as many 
have neither the taste nor the opportunity for the study of 
antiquities, and that amongst these some perhaps of my own 
parishioners may take an interest in these pages, I have 
proceeded, in the preparation of the work, on a principle for 
the application of which I have the high authority of Dr. 
Jessopp. In an article upon The 3Ianor of Asto?i, which 
lately appeared from his pen in the Kinetcenih Ceniuru, he 
makes the following, as I think, sensible remarks: — ''A 
specialist is not always the best instructor even in his ov>'n 
subject ; he is apt to forget that he was himself at one time 
a beginner, and apt to take it for granted that everybody 
knows this or that ; " and he concludes in words which I 
would here take as my own, ''In tlie following pages I 
assume no special knowledge on the part of whomsoever may 
attend to me." 

Amongst many kind friends who have readily given me 
help in the preparation of this work for the press, and to 



whom my grateful thanks are due, I would especially 
mention the names of the Eev. William Hudson, one of the 
Secretaries to the Norfolk Archaeological Society, and Mr. 
Eobert Clarke, of the Norwich Diocesan Registry. 

A. G. L. 

Bisljops of iloi'tl) ^hnljaiit. 

• *\ 

■ -i ( 

The following is taken from the learned work on Episcopal 
Succession in England, by Dr. Stubbs, Bishop of Oxford : — 

The early East Anglian See was seated at Dunwich, in Suffolk. 
Felix, a Burgundian, having converted the kingdom, or, according to 
Camden, having brought it back again to the faith, became the first 
Bishop, A.D. 630. Fourth in succession to him, a.d. G69, was 
Bisus, or Bisi. He divided the See, placing one of the episcopal 
seats at North Elmham, in Norfolk. It has, indeed, been suggested 
that South Elmham, in Suffolk, was the place which he selected ; 
but, besides the fact that all the best authorities are against this 
theory, there is this remark to be made, which would seem to go 
far to settle the question. Is it likely that Bisus would have placed 
two Sees in the same county, and so left the large and important 
county of Norfolk without episcopal supervision? 

After the division of the See the succession of Bishops at Elmham 
was as follows : — 





Bed win, or Bedwinus, the first Bishop. 

Northbert, or Northbertus. 

Headulac, or Huellaec. 

Edilfrid, or Edilfridus. 

Lanferth, or Lanferthus, or Eanfrith. 






Athelwulf, or Athelwolfus. 
Humferth, or Alearus, or Allieard. 
Allierd, or Alherdus. 
826. Humbyret, or Hunfertb (martyred by the Danes). 
845. Ethelwald. 
During the Danish occupation of East Anglia all episcopal records 
perished, and no mention of Bishops, either of Dunwich or Elmham, 
occurs for upwards of a century. It seems, howeyer, that in the 
tenth century the two Sees were re-united under the ancient title of 
the Bishopric of Elmham. We then find the following succession of 
Bishops: — 


942. Athulf, or Athulfus, or Eadulf. 
964. Alfrid, or Alfridus, or Alfric. 
964. Theodred, or Theodredus I. 
980. Theodred, or Theodredus II. 
995. Athelstan, or Ethelstanus, or Elfstan. 
1001. Algare, or Algarus. 
1020. Alwyn, or Alw^ynus. 
1038. Alfric, Alfricus, or Elfric. 

Alyfrey, or Alifreius. 
1043. Stigand, or Stigandus. 
1047. Ethelmar, or Egelmarus. 

1070. Ilerfast, last Bishop of Elmham, and first Bishop of 
Thetford, whither the See was transferred in 1075. 
The last Bishop of Thetford and hrst of Norwich 
(1091) was Herbert de Losinga. 

51'icars of iloi'tl) (Dlmijam. 

Dute of Institution. 

4 kal. Oct., 1305. 

6 non Oct., 1311., 1312. 

6 kal. Maij, 1328. 

5 Noy., 1344. 

8 Oct., 1354. 

17 Noy., 1355. 

8 Jan., 1356. 

Pen. Dec, 1358. 
22 Aug., 1361. 

21 Mart., 1367. 

11 Mart., 1410. 

15 Dec, 1412. 

1 Feb., 1427. 

4 Mart., 1447. 

26 Aug., 1449. 

20 Mart., 1489. 

Walter de Blucolyesle yic ad coll. Dni. Epi. plcno 

Ptichard de Aylsham, ad coll. Dni. Epi. 
John de Stanhow, ditto. 
Pichard de Kneshale, ditto. 

Edmund de Cheyele (per mut. cum Betele), ditto. 
Joes de Cressingham. 

Poger de Felthorpe (Frettenham), ad coll. Dni. Epi. 
Olyy Wytton p mut. cum Worstede, ditto. 
Alan Attegar p mut. cum Ileylesdon. 
Thomas Wentebrigg. 
Pobert Percy, ad coll. Epi. 
George de Iloyeden, ditto. 
Henry de Dunston. 
Pichard de Blithe, ad coll. Dni. Epi. 
John Curtys de Diss, ditto. 
Walter Eston, ditto, officiale Jurisd. Maneriorum 

Dni. Epi. 
William Waller, ditto. 
John Bull, ad coll. William Malton, Yic. 
Simon Cosyn, ditto, eodem officiale. 
Hugo Kestren, ditto, Arch. Nory. 
B 2 


5 Oct, 1502. 

22 Apr., 1523. 
16 Jan., 1541. 

1 Mart, 1559. 

14 Oct, 1580. 
16 Sept., 1631. 

1 Nov., 1659. 

5 Mart, 1680. 

1 Mart, 1704. 

Oct, 1719. 

Apr., 1741. 

JNOY., li n . 

July, 1828. 
Jan, 1833. 
Apr., 1867. 

Eicbard Cooper, ad coll. cjusd. (Commissario 

Richard Sylvestre, ditto. 

John Pecke, Epi. Capellanus, ad proos. Jac. Under- 
wood, raone prox. advoc. 
Joes Fysher, ad procs. Ric. Fulmerston, arm. assign. 

Willi Epi. Norvic. 
Edmund Denny. 
Thomas Smith, ad pracs. Ilenrici Dni. Cromwell ; 

1627, Archi. Nor vie. 
Nathaniel Ducket, ad proos. Edv. Coke, mil. (Cons. 

"William Wells, ad pr?cs. John Coke, mil. (Cons. 

John Reed, ad proes. Rob. Harvey, arm. Ob. Mart., 

Thomas Newson, ad prces. Jois Harvey, arm. 
John Athill. 
Thomas Gregory. 
Thomas Herring. 
Charles Ford. 

Henry Edward Knatchbull (resigned 1867). 
Augustus George Legge, M.A., ad prccs. George 

John Millcs, fourth Baron Sondes. 

tmi^s Ijclir bg tijt Cijurdjijaartitns. 

Barker's Tenement lying at Catberd (see below). 

Blackburn Fyrlong, J Acre lying in. 

Blomefeld's Close, j Acre lying at the west end of. 

Brodslothe, ^ Acre lying at. 

Camping Close, ij Acres called the. 

Catberd Fyrlong, jj Acre, copyhold, lying in. 

Couerlecreste, j Acre lying in. 

Edgegrave Fyrlong, j Acre lying in. 

Fairstede, The. 

Fold, xiij Acres of free land lying in diverse places in the. 

Foster's Tenement, j Acre, copyhold, lying at Stretebusshes. 

Foulde Course, The. 

Fulfurth Dale (between Elmham and Gateley). 

Heath, The Great. 

Heath, The Little. 

Heryng's Close, in Beetley. 

Holgate, ij Acres, one free and one copyhold, lying at. 

Johnson's Close at the Heath, j J Acre lying in. 

Parckegate, j Acre lying at. 

Parckehyrne, j Acre and j Rood lying in. 

Paynot's Deale, j J Acre, copyhold, lying in and called. 



Pavnot's Tenement. 

Pellet's Fyrlong, ^ Acre lying in. 

Eamesley Townesend, j rood of free land lying at, and belonging 

to Norwich Priory. 
Spylcok's Townesende, ij Acres lying at. 
Stretebusshes, i xVcre lying at. 
Syluerdeane, j Acre lying at. 
Taverner's Close, ^ Acre lying in. 
Taverner's Great Close, j Acre, free, lying in. 
Thorn well. 

Town Carr, The, in Beetley and Gressenhall. 
Town Close, The, in Beetley. 
Well's Townesend, j Acre and j Rood lying at. 
Wodcok's Close to y« Bromward, i Acre lying in. 


Cljurdjbjariittt's llctounts. 


Reoevts, A" Dm, 1539. 

A" Dm, ffirst of y^ town att y^ acownts .... 
1539. It fh rec of y^ v pownds y* Richard Pers gafe to y 
[A" 31" chirch at dyir^se tymes .... 

Hen, VIII.] It. rec of y'^ Yicar f he had of corpis X^ gyld (^) 
It. of Will yara for lond ferrae ^^^ of y*^ last yer 
It. att y*^ rekenyng att hallowmcs ^^^ for y^ drykyng,] 
^ of y*^ stok, ^ for lond ferme .... 
It. of John Tanner ^^^ for j acr'^ (z. an halfe of lond ferme 
It. of dyu^se psons for cten candilstykks sold to them . 
It. of Will lusher for ij acres of lond y*^ capyng 

It. of Nichus Purdy for ij acr*^ of lond 
It. of y'-' Yicar for ij b} (X an halfe of morter 
It. rec of S'' John Elverich^^^ of mony y^ be left of 
mcdyng 3^^ clok ....... 

It. rec of Nicholas Dyth for an old cow y* he had of 
John Penyall, w*^^' was siityme longyng to corpis 
X'^ Gylde 

xvjs. \d. ot3 


iiijs. lujcr. 

\ xvs. yiije/. o'h 

iij.9. xjc/. ot) 









It. rec y^ rest of y« mony y^ Eic Pers gafe to y^ chirch xlvs. 

It. of Pctyr Carter 

It. of Galfrev Hud for lond ferme . . • • 

Sm to^% xijli. xiiijs. ix(/. oh 
In p^mis to y*^ stolers for bred ^ drynk wlian they 
gathered stones ....••• 
It. to Xichiis Purdy y^ he had f orgotyn at y^' rekenyng | 

for sond carryyng i 

It. for iij hudred yerne 

For carvyng home of y^ yern .... 

It. Xichus Dyth for caryyng of iij lode of ston . 
It. for remouyng, leyyng, ^ so^Ydyng of sent James 
chappelL ...... 

for nayle ....••• 

for wood ....••• 

It. ij plomers oon day, mendyng of y' chirch elys ^ 

sent Johns chappell 

for ij//. of sowd ...•••• 

for ther bord ....••• 

for wood ..•••••• 

It. for Yj yards of Normady canvas for ij rochetts ^'^ 

Itm for a mason iij dayes medyng of y^ chyrch walles 

for hys suyor y^ same tyme 

for ther expensys hetherward 

for ther bord y^ seyd iij dayes 

to will heer for a day (t a halfe to help the . 

for hys bord ....•• 


for ij lode of sond caryyng .... 

Itm to Edmund Stabylford for dyggyng ij pytts for^ 














\i]d. ofe 




nyl. ofe 




It. to Eeyner for coveyyng a way of y^ menor^^) for' 

y^ ou grate .... 

Itm to Jamys Rumer y^ mason for makyng of ij grats ) 

^ medyng of chirche walles YJ dayes . . • j 

to hys suyor vj dayes 

for y bord for vj dayes ..... 

Itm to Will yara for y^ tybyr wark of both y^ grats 

It. for ij lokks for y*^ chirch boxe 

Itm payed for rent of lond longynge to y^ town . 

Itm to Tylney for glasyng ..... 

Itm for a lode of flaggs gvyng ^ caryyng . 

Itm for removyng of y^ morter into y'^ chirch 

It. to Eob* Ryall for y^ medynge of iij bell clapers 

Itm payed to Will yara for bordyng ^ latasyng of ij 

of y^ stepyll wydows ...... 

Itm y*^ goodman pers had wherw^ he made y^ grate owt\ 

of y^ chirch yard into y^ feyer stede ^^\ both ston [ 

work, yerne (z tybyr 
Itm to y^ bell hager for hys ffee . 
Itm for lether for y^ bawdry kks . 
for hys wags y^ mad the 

for hys bord 

Itm to heryng for rent y* was nott payed whan he was 


Sin to^^ yI(. xijs. ixd. oh. 



ij«. Yjd. 


vjs. vijc/. ob 



xiijs. YJd. 




• • • • -J 


• • • • J 


The sm of y« receyts yij//.xiiiJ5.ix^.ob 

The sm of y^ chargs y//. xijs. ixd. ob 

<t so y^ remayneth w'^^ ys her leyd down att y^ ac- ) 

cownts — mony . . . . . . , j xlijs. 

^ these chirchereves ar dischargyd for y^^ yer. 


churchwardens' accounts 

M'^ af? y^ rekenyng made, "Will Rumer hath chosen to be hys felow (D 
for thys yer comyng Richard Pers. 

delyuyd to them in hand. 


A^ Dm 1540. 
The rent of y^ town lond * 

A Dom. 

.r '■^ xr^fJ . In p^mis to T^ howse of Carbrok for j acr^ of fire loud j 

Hen. VIII.] , ." rv "^ ^ 1 

Ivynf? m Tauners gret close . . . -i 

It. to M^ Mtyn or to y^ por for j rod of fre lond lyyng 

att Ramesley townesend 

It. to mv lord ^^^^ for i acr^ ^ di ten*^ Paynott t^re 

natie^ ^^^^ tyy^o ^^^ paynotts deele 
It. to my lord for j acr^ ^ di ten^ Barker t^re natie 

Ivvns: at Catberd ...... 

It. to my lord for j acr^ ten"^ ifoster l^re natie^ lyyng 

att strete busk ....••• 
It. to my lord for ij acr. callyd y^ capyng close . 
It. to my lord for an halfe acr^ lyyng in Tauners close . 
It. to my lord for xiij acr^ of fire lond lyyng in diuse | 

placs in y^ feld ) 

[To y^ howse of Carbrok ^^s) 

Sm I To M^ Mtyn or to y^ p^or (i*> . 

^To mv lord 


rent. The town lond. 

ijs. ij(/. ob Thomas Shetyll hath yij acres and a rode 

payy^g ye^b' 

yiijc/. Nichus Purdy, ij acres .... 

xijf/. Will lusher, iij acres 

•Kcl. oh Will Yara, iij acres 

* Tliis Rent Account is given at the end of the Book. 


iiijt/. ob 

iiijf/. oh 











• • • • 







' <. 

t ■■ r 




Will ffrancklyng, j acr^ id., ^ a rode jd. . 
John Tauner, j acr^ jd.^ {t an halfe 2d. 

Jafiirey Rudd, j acr^ 

Will lusher y® capyng close ij acres . 
The rent of town lands fre ^ copey is in all 
(lib . . xiiij aci^ ^ j rod 







sm t re 

( natie^ 

yj acr ^ di 

Ao Din, 1540. 
M*^ a rekenyng made y^ Wednesday in Whitson Weke y'^ yere of o"" 

lord god M'^ccccc xl'' of Richard Pers chirch Warden of 

Northelmhfh for hy ^ Will Rumer ^^^^ late deptyd (on whose 

sowle god hafe rncy). 

In p^m receyyyd of y^ town at y^ accownts 
It. rec of Edmund fflecher . 
It. for certen lawnds sold 
It. rec of y*^ drynkyn .... 
It. rec y* same day of y^ stokks of Gildes 
It. rec att hallowmes drykyng 
It. rec of m fierro^" ^^^^ ^ Syr John Elyerich pt of y' 

legacy of Henry Trcdell . . . . , 
It. receyyyd for ferme of y^ town lond, y* ys to say, of ^y 

Thorns Shetyll fo yij acr^ ^ a rode, iiij-s. xd.; of I^ich. 

Purdy for ij acr^ xyj^/.; of Will lusher for iij acr^ ijs. 

It. of y^ same Will lusher for y^ capyng clos, ijs.; ; 

of Will yara for iij acr"^ ijs. ; of Will firanckelyng 

for j acr*^ ^ j rod, xijd. ; of John Tauner for j acr"^ 

^ di, xijn^. ; of Jafi'rey Rudd for j acr^ x^. 
It. rec of Edmnd fiiecher 

Sin to^% yU. yiijs. ijd. ot). 
c 2 


iijs. ynj^. 

.... •••7 J^ 

mjs. iiid. 01) 








M'^ that tliese be y^ cliargs ^ expcs*^ leyd owt (z payed y^ seid yer 
of o^ lord god ^^i^^ccccc xP^ by y° seid Hie Pers and "Will Piimer, 
chircli Wardens. 

In p'^mis payed to y*^ bekyn ^^'^ 

It. for Ptent of j acr'^ of y^ town lond to y" pctor of j 
sent John ^^^^ . . . . . • • 1 

It. to M''' fFerro^ for cowncell 

It. for Washyng of y*" chirch geer .... 

It. to Ilerry Wells for tedyng of y^ bells . 

It. payed to y^ becon for y*-^ Watch .... 
Eedd* {i.e. It. paye(d) to Edmnd Gogney, collector for rent for y*' j 


town lond for thvs ver . 





It. y* Will Pum had leyd owt .... 

It. payed to Will Tylney for medyng of y^ leed of y' 

pynnacle ....... 

It. payed to Syr Job Elverich for pchemyn for y'^ ) 

Indentures of v° town lond ) 

It. payed to Will yara for bordyng of y^ stepyll 


Sm to^S xix-s, iiyi. 


XV j(/. 



• • • • ■ 

• • • • -J 


Itm to Wyllni lussher for mendyng ^ enlargyng of y^ 
Causye fro hys own bowse to y^ balyes^^^) 

Itm to M'-^ dethycke for y^ rent of y^ town londs 

Itm to Xycholas dyght for Caryeng of Grauell one 
boll day w^ hys own Carte for y^ Causye by y^ 
balyes ....•••• 

Itm to Thorns Shetell for Caryeg of Grauell y" same 
day thyther ....••• 

\ys. yl. ob 




Itm to yarrhfa for bords for to make A shest to ley yn 

the Comon lyght ^^o) ^ yc niakyng of y^ same 
Itm for nayles for y^ seyd shest ^ for y^ Chyrche gats . 
Itm to Wyltm Collys for yrons for y^ seyd shest . 
Itm for ij locks, one for y^ seyd sheste, (2 one for y^ 


Itni to y^ fre masn of derhm wyche bathe taken y^ 
wyndowes in y^ Chyrche (z dyuse other thyngs 
theronto belongyng to make .... 

Itm in Expenss for hym y^ same tyme at y^ balyes 
Itih delyud to hym y*^ same tyme afore hand vJ5. viij*^. j 
to be Alowed ageyn wha he entre y^ seyd w^orcke . ) 

ijs. ijt/. 

ijV. ob 


• « • • J 


vj.s. \iijd. 

Smm, xlvjs, iiJG?. 

A^ Dm. A'' Dm 1541« 

1541. Expenss leyd owte by Eychard pers aforseyd — 

[A° 33° In p'^mis for A Syrples for y^ Yycar .... vjs. 
Hen. VIII.] Itm for A Byble ^^D for y^ towns pte . . . . iiijs. 
Itih for A lode of fre stone at Walsynghm Abbey, ^^s) 

wyche lye ther yet styll 

Itm in Expenss at Walsynghm whan they went to bye 
y^ seyd fre stone (Z other ..... 
Itm for yrons for y^ ij turnyng postes upon y« Causye ) 

by y^ balyes aforseyd ) 

Itm leyd owte to y^ taxe y^^ 

Itm to y« masyng for goyng to Wasj^nghih w^ hym to 

see y^ fre stone aforseyd .... 

Itm in Expenss whan we rod to ]N"orwyche to see ye j 

bells ^23) at M^ Puggs for y^^' horses ^ them selues) 

Sum, xix.s. Yd. 









churchwardens' accounts 

et sic 
quieti sfit 

yIL xx^^t/. ob 

A Dm. 


[A° 34 


the sume of y^" rec of Ey chard hey ward . . vij//. vij-s. xi(/. ob 

the Sume of y« rec of Rychard pers . . . iij/«. vjs. viij(/. 

the Sufne of y« Chargs of Ry. h. .... xlvjs. iiyL 

the Sume of y^ Chargs of Ry. pers .... xixs. Yd. 

^ so remayn iu y*^ hands of Ry. heywarde as ys here 

leyd down att y^ Acompts in monye 

A in y^" hands of Rychard pers remayn as ys leyd down ) .. 

^ " \ . J . xlviis. u]d. 

att y® acompts m monye . . . . . ) 

And inbothe ther hands ther remayn as ys aforseyd yij//. viijs. xjd. ob 

And so these Chyrche wardens are dyscharged for thys 

Ml after y° rekenyno^ made Rychard Ileyward hathe chosen to be 

hys felow for this yere comyng Thorns Powle. 
Deliu^d them in hand vij//. yiij.s. xjd. ob 

A« dm 1542« 

M*^ A Rekenyng the wedhseday yn whyghtsone weeke y° yere of o^ 
lord god A m^^ccccc xlij^^ of Rychard Ileyward the elder ^ 
Thorns Powle, Chyrchewardens of Northelmhm 

The Receyts of me, Rychard Ileyward, aforseyd. 

In p^imis rec of the town at y^ Acompts . . yj//.* yiijs. xjd. bb 
Itm rec of S" John Eluyche p^yst towarde the makyng . 

of y*" iiij Mydle panes of the grett wyndow yn | yJ5. yiijV. 
Seynt James Chapell w^ whygt glasse . . .^ 
fBeetley Itm rec of Robt. A. Sohme for y^ ferme of ij Aci^ of) .... 
ferme' B. f. ^^^^^^ iJ yeres ) 

* Query vijli., sec atove. 



B. f. 



• • 


• • 



• • • • 


Itm rec of Rychard Crow for y^ ferme of ij Acr*^ of 
Medew, ij yers, vs. iiijd., whereof Alowed ageyn 
vnto hym for y^ rent of y« seyd Medew ij yers, 
xijd. ; ^ for fyeng of the dytches, xxd. ; (^ so ^ 
remayn yn myn hands all thyngs Alowed vnto 

hym, ijs. yiiyi 

(Elmham Itm rec of Thorns lussher for y^ Campyng closse 
ferme) E. f. Itm rec of the same Thorns for iij Acr^ of londs yn y^ ) 

ffylde i 

E. f. Itm rec of Herry Rusth for londe ferme 

E. f. Itm rec of Wyltm yarrhm for lend ferme . 

E. f. Itfii rec for Ilalowmes nyght all thyngs dyscharged . 

E. f. Itm rec of Nycholas purdy for lond ferme . 

B. f. Itm rec of M^ dythycke for lond ferme lyengynBetele 

E. f. Itm rec of Thorns Shetell for vij Acr^ ^ j rode 

E. f. Itm rec of Wyllm ffrankelyng for j Acr^ ^ one rode . 

E. f. Itiii rec of Jaffry Rudd for j Acr^ of ferme lond 

Itm rec of Thorns Howsse of Bytteryng magna for pte 

of the ferme of A Certen closse w% Betele . 
Itm rec of Symond ]S"ewton of Norwyche, dwellyng 

yn Seynt Androwes pysshe for Certen plate ^^4) afi-^ | xxiijs 

iiijs. y^ vnce 

Itm rec of y^ same Symond for y^' Sylu y^ was vpon the 

• Crosse y^ the relyques wheryn .... 

Itm rec of M^ Nycholls for y^ sylu sheeos wyche wer 

vpon y^ brown rodes fete 

Itm rec of Edinnd ffletcher vjs. viijf/., pcell of xiiijs. 
Yiijd As yn y^ boke of y« chyrche dett more 
play ly dothe apere ..... ^ 
The wholl Sume of y^ Receyts of me, Rychard ) 

Hey ward aforseyd j ys xi//. xiiijs. 

• • • • • . 

IJS. V11J(/. 









^js. viij^. 

jd. ob 


churchwardens' accounts 





These be the Expenss (Z Chargs leyd o^yte by me y« seyd Eycbarde 
Heywarde, ooe of y° Chyrchewardens of Nor(thelmbam) y^ 

yere of o^" lord aforeseyd. 
In p^imis payed to 31^ Sydney, of Walsynghfii pua, for 

pyllors <2 other fre stone for y'^ wyndowes and 

butteres yn northellmhin ..... 
Itm to ij men for y^ helpyng of yt down ther 
Itm to \yeston of walsynghm for A Chalder of lyme 
Itm yn Expenss ther the same tyme .... 
Itm for halfe A hudered of iuyi. nayle 
Itin payed to Thorns Shetell for y^ Caryeng of A 

Chalder of Ivme .....-• 
Itm to y^ same Thorns for y« Caryeng of A lode of 

sonde .....•••• 
Itm to John wodcoke for y'^ Caryeng of A Chalder of 

Ivme ......••• 


Itm to Rv. Eustn for the Caryeng of A lode of fre stone 
Itm to Rychard purdy for :^[endyng of the barres of 

y^ wvndow yn Seynt James Chapell 
Itm for ij^^ of pytche for to pytche y^ barres of y^ 

seyd wyndow ....... 

Itm yn Expenss at Norwyche whan we went to 

setthe (?) bells 

Itm to one to watche y^ Chyrche whan y^ wyndow 

of Seynt (James) Chapell was yn y^ makyng 

and glasyng 

Itm to y'' Masons Man at y"" fyrst tyme for hys wags ) 

yij dayes ....... ) 

Itm to nl Rugge of Xorwyche yn pte of paymet for 

y^ bells • ,,.,.. 








x\jd. ob 




Itm to Wyllm Tylney for iiij panes of new glasse for ^ 
the wyndow yn Seynt Johns Chapell afV iiijV. ob 

Itm to y^ same wyllm for y^ takyng down of sex other 
panes of y^ same wyndow, ^ for y^ storyng ^ 
mendyng of them af? yjV. A pane, iij.s-. ; but y^ i 
led was ow^' own j 

Sum, xxxvijs. xd. ob. 

Itm payed to y« Mason at y« fyrst tyme for iiij dayes 

afV yjr/. ye day 

Itm to hys Man at y« second tyme for ix dayes, af? 

iiyL y^ daye 

Itm Alowyd to myselfe for ther Comons iij wekes, af? 

xvd. y^ weke for yche of them .... 
Itni to y^ Mason y^ second tyme for yj dayes, af? yjd. 

\^ day ... ( 

Itm to hys Man tlie seyd tyme, af? iijr/. the day . 
Itm Alowed to myselfe for y^^ Comons the seyd tyme, ) 

af ? ijr/. ob ye day ( 

Itm to ye Mason y^ iijth tyme for v dayes, af? YJd y' ) 

d^y ^ . . .1 

Itm to hys '3uant for y^ seyd tyme, af? iijr/. the day 
Itm payed to my selfe for y^^" Comos y^ seyd tyme, af? 
ijr/. ob ye day . . . . \ ^ ^ ^ 

Itm to ye Mason ye iiijth tyme for y dayes, af? YJd. the ) 

^^y * . . .j 

Itm to hys Man y^ seyd tyme, af? iij^/. ye daye . 

Itm Alowed to my selfe for y^^ Corns ye seyd tyme, af? ) 
ijd ob ye day ' j 


xij.s. xyL 








• • 












A Dm. 


18 churchwardens' accounts 

Itm Alowed to y^ Mason for Symond . . • • 
Itm to Tylney for y^ Mendyno; of Certen glusse| 

wyndowes w^n y^ Chyrche of Nortlielmlim . • ^ 
Itm payed to Thorns Shetell for y^ Caryeng of ij lodes) 

of Grauell ^ one loud of Sande . . • • ) 





A-^ dm. 1542\ 
The Recevts of me, Thorns powle aforseyd, the other Chyrchewarden. 
In p^imis rec of y'^ town at the Acompts . . • xx.:>. 
Itm rec of Robt Rudd of Betele for lond f erme . . xxvs. 

Itm rec of yarrhm men for y^ bryngyng of y' lytle) 

bell from Norwyche • 

The whoU sume of \- Receyts of me, Thorns powle j ^^^ ^^^.^ ..^ 

aforseyd ...••••' 

These be y^ Expenss and Charges leyd owte by me y« seyd Thorns 
powlJ ^ one of y' Chyrchewardens of Korthelmhm y^^ yere of 
o^ lord god aforeseyd, ^c. 

In p^imis Alowed to my selue for y« Comons of Alyn ^ 
hvs sone iiij dayes, af? iyi ob y^' day for yche 

of them 

Itm to Jooane patrycke for makyng clean of Seynt 

Johns Chapell 

Itm to John Mayor for makyng clean y'^ Steyers of^ 

y*^ Steple * 

Itm for A Horse wyche the Mason had to ryde w* to ) 
Walsynghm whan y' fre Stone was bought . .) 

Itm payed to xVlyn y^ belhanger ypon Halowmes euyn, 
yn y^ yere aforseyd, (z for my pte . 

Itm payed to y^ Smythe for makyng ^ trymyng of 
srten vrons for \' bells (z yn pte of A more Sume 







Itm payed to Alyn y^ bell hanger Another tyme, > 

w^yche was vpon y^ fryday next before Seynt | lijs. iuyf. 

Luke, yn y*-' yere of ow'' lorde god aforseyd . . ' 

Itm to y^ Smythe Another tyme for suche thyngs as \ 

was occupy ed Abow^te the bells . . . . ) 
Itm payed for lether for y^ baderycke for y^' lytle bell . 
Itm payed to m dythycke for y^ lete fee^^^^' ofi 

Northelmhm . . . . . . . ) 

Itfii to M^'^^ dythycke for gresse for y® seyd bells . 

Itm for y'^ Comons of Alyn (t hys sone iiij dayes, aft: | 

ijr/. ot) }'' day . . . . . . . ( 

Sum, xix5. }d. ^ xxiiij^^s. 



Et sic 

the sume of y^ Rec of me Thorns powlle aforseyd ys . xlvjs. 
the sume of y'^ Expenss ^ Chargs of me y^' seyd Tho. ) 

powle ys . . . . . . . .) "^ ' 

And so remayn yn y^ hands of me y^ seyd Thorns v 

powle, As ys here leyd down at y^ Acompts yn ! iijs. 

monv . . . . . . . . . / 

And so y^ seyd Thoihs powde ys dyscharged for th^^s yere. 

fiiiipto est 

dictg Tho. •^^''- ^^^ y'^ Rekenyng made Thorns powle hathe Chosen to be hys 

powle hoc 

felow for thys Comyng \yyllm Thomsn, husbondman. 
Deliu'id them ym hand . viijs. 
S. (scilicet) to Thorns powle iiij-s. And to Wyllm Thompsfi iiijs. 

A" Dm. A« dm. 1543^ 

1543. M'l A Rekenyng made the Wedn^'seday yn Wyghtson Weke y® yere 
[A' 35" of o'" Lord god m^^ ccccc xliij^^ of Thorns powle And Wylim 

Hen. VIII. J Thompson, Husbondman, Chyrchw^ardens of Northelmhm. 

The Rec of ys y° forseyd Thoihs And Wyllih. 
In p'^imis Rec at y^ Accompts ..... viijs. 



churchwardens' accounts 


• • 

• • • • 


• • • • 



Itm for A pursse ^ ij Combs y* were Relyquys in y« ) 
Chyrclie^26) ) 

Itm for Halowmes nygbt all thyngs dyscbarged due at ) 

y* tyme . . • • • • • - ' 

Itm rec of Tboms Sbetell for lond fferme . 
Itm rec of Nycbolas purdy for lond fferme . 
Itin rec of Wyllfh lussber for lond fferme, ij-s., ^ y'\ 

Campynelosse, ij-s. . . . • • • ) 

Itm rec of wyllm ffranckelyng for londe fferme 
Itm rec of Jaffry Eudd for lond fferme 
Itm rec of Wyllm yarrbm for lond fferme . 
Itm rec of Wyllin Rudd for y« wodd y^ grew ( 

Campyngclosse dytcbe .... 
Itm rec of Herry Rustn for lond fferme 
Itm rec of Eobt Eudd of Betele, for lond 

lyeng y" 

Itm rec of M^" detbyke for lond fferme y", af ? 

xxCr ...•••■ 
Itm rec of Eobt Sobiii for londe fferme y" . . ijs. 

Itm rec of Eycbard Crow for lond fferme y^'" . . ijs. \ujd. 

Itm of Thorns Howsse for lond fferme tber . . TJs. 

Itm rec of same Tboms Howse for y^ laste yers fferme. iJ5. 

iotal buma rec, iiij^. tij.s. iiijrA 

Tbese be y^ Expenss ^ Cbargs leyd owte by tbe seyd Tboms Powle 
(2 AVyllm Thompson tbe yere of o*" lord god Aforseyd, ^c. 


UJS. llljf/. 

In) )-l 

fferme 1 


• • 





In p'^imis to y^ iiij men yn to y*^ kyngs worcks at Gyens 
Itm to y^' breke borners of How for ij C Tyle for 

y^ Cbvrcbe ....... 

Itm to ^yyllm Cbambyrlyn for ij keyes for ij Chests in 

v^ Cbvrcbe ....... 





Itm to y^ seyd Wyllm for A bolte for y^ grett bell ^ 

for other yrons ^ Nayles for y^ seyd bell 
Itm to lussber {t Cursn for makyng of y^ Town butts ^^7) 
Eeddl Itm to y« Coller of Elmbm for y^ Eent of y^ Town lends vijs. 

Itm rS detbyke for y« lete ffee xxiiijs. 

Itm to John Gogney for y^ balfe yere Eent of Betele . ijs. 

Itm to i3 detbyke for An Acr^ of offyce lond 

Itm to Eycbarde Crow for y*-^ Eent of A Medow in Betele 

Sum, xlij.s. vijt/. 







Itm to Eobt Eudd of Betele for y« Taxe j'' 

Itm to Wyllm Smythe for y^ fynysshyng of tbe dytcbe 

of Nortbelmbm Comon at y^ Este pte of y'^ bethe . 
Itm to A Mason iij dayes for pauyng of y^ Chyrcbe . 
Itm to hym for bys sones wags y^ seyd iij dayes . 
Itm for tber Comons the seyd iij dayes 
Itm for Y^ b5 of lyme, ix^., ^ to Eobt Eud of Betele | 

for y" bryngyng home of yt from Walsyngbm . j 
Itm to lyngeyes wyffe for makyng clen of y^ Chyrcbe 

aft y'^ Masons 

Itm for lether for y*^ lytell bell badrycke 

Itm to one y^ went to bye y*^ seyd lyme at Walsyngbm 

Itm leyd owte towarde y^ Taxe of Northelmhm . . iiijs. 

Itm payed for y^ makyng of vij Combs of Malte . 

Itm to Tboms Shetell for y^ Caryeng of one lode of 1 

Sande whan tbe Chyrcbe was paued . . . f 
Itm to M'"^^ detbyke for Na^des occupyed at Chyrcbe . 
Itm to Handfortbe for y*^ bryngyng home of vj/?. of 

waxe fro Xorwyche for tbe Comon lyghte 
Itm to Wyllm Smythe for y^ bedgyng of the ynward j 

pte of y^ Campyng Closse dytcbe . . . ) 

D 2 




... • 




XX jd. 



? ii 




Itm for y^ offeryng ^ waxe at y^ obytee day of y^ ) 
bnfactors ^^^ . . . . . • • • ) 

Itm payed for y^ Caryeng of ij hudered Tyles for to 
paue w^ all y^ Chyrche at Elmhm from How 

Itm for A Tubb wyche y^ Masons bad at Cbyrcbe 
botbe y'^ laste yere and tbis. And was fayn to be 
hoped at bothe tymes 

Itm payed to John wodcoke y^ elder for pte of y^ fermeX 
of srten londs lyeng yn the ffoulde Course of 
jS'ortbelmbm, wycbe y^ Towncbype beyred of byra 
y^'" iij.s. \jd. And y^ reste, wycbe ys xvj.9., in full 
paymt't for y^ fferme of y*^ seyd londs fro yere to 
yere, so longe As be ys ffermer As ys Agred 
bet wen y^ seyd Towncbype ^ byra, was payed 
by the bands of Nycbolas dygbt ^ otber of y^ 
same Town, wycbe As now batbe y" seyd londs yn 
fearme ......••• 

Sum, xxij.s. ixd. 



• • • • y 


iij.\ yj^^'. 

Tbe Sunie of y"-^ Rec of y*' seyd Tboms ^ Wylhn ys iiij7/. yijs. iiijd 

The Sume of y« ExpCss (t Cbargs of y^ seyd Tbo. ,4 j 

iij//. ys. mjr/. 
Wv. ys ........; 

xVnd so remayn in tber bands As ys bere leyd down yn ) 

. , } xxii.s. 

Monye at y^^ Accompts ) 

EtsicQuieti And so y^ seyd TboiTis powle ^ "Wyllm Thompson be clerly dys- 

snt dicti charged for tbis yere paste. 

Thorns ^ 

Willfn9pro ^^^i j^^^ ^.c p^ekenyng made AVylhTi Thomsh bathe chosen to be bys 

hoc Anno ^^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^^ Comyng Wyllm ffrankelynge. Delyu^ed 

them yn bande. s. to y"^ seyd Wyllm Thompsn ^ Wyllm 







[A 36" 


A° dm. 1544°. 
W. A Rekenyng made y^ Wedn-^sedaye in ^Ybygbtsonweke y*^ yere 
of ow'- Lorde god m^^ccccc (t xliiij^^ of Wyllm Thompson ^ Wyllm 
ffranckelynge, Chyrcbewardens of Nortbelmhm. 




x.s. yiijc/. 

Tbe rec of ys y« forseyd Wyllm ^ Wyllm. 

In p^imis receyued at y^ Accompts as ys Aforseyd 
Itm rec of M^'^^ detbyke for y^ quetbode of byr IIus- 
bonde, gyffne by bys Testamet to y*" repacon of 
y^ Cbyrcbe y^"" ...... • 

Itm rec of M^ NycboUs for pcell of y^ quetbode^ 
gyffne by tbe Testamet of M^ Sylues?, late 
Vycar of Elmbm, towarde y^ Repacon of y^ 
noysome wayes y^' to be bestowed At ow'" dys- 
crecon, x.s. yiijV., ^ bow y^ Rest was bestowed yt 
ys playnly set forthe in y° latter ende of tbys 
boke .......•• 

(3iP Sylyester's " quetbode"— end of the book. A'^ dm. 1543'^). 

W. y* these be y" Sumes of mony payed by M^ Robt Nycbolls/29) 
psn of Raynhm Margaret, And Executor of y« Testamet And 
Laste Wyll of M'^ Syluester, late Yycar of Nortbelmhm, 
towarde y^ mendyng of y« noysome wayes ^^o) tber, Acordyng 
to y« Testamet ^ Laste Wyll of y^ seyd M^ Syluester the yere 
of ow' Lorde M^^cccccxliij^^ pay en g to eu^y man for bym selfe 
bys Horses, Carte, Comons, {t Wags, af? xij(/. y" daye, by 
tbe space of iij dayes. And to eu-^y laborer y'^ seyd dayes for 
y^"" Wags (X Comons af? \d. y^ daye yf they were good ^ 
suffycyet laborers. And ynto meane laborers aft iuyi y"" day 



for y" Wags ^ Comons. And Tnto ladds af? i\jd. y^ day. As 
hereaf? more playnly shall Apere in seu^all pcells. Wrytten 
by 8^ John Elu^yche, pysshe p-^yste y''^ the yere ^ tyme Afore 

To y^ Caryers y^ fyrste daye. 

In p^imis to Nycholas dyght, xvjV. To Eychard i 
Watson, xvjV/. . . . . . . * ) 

Itm to Wyllm Wakefelde, xvjV/. To Stephen Loue, xvj(/. 

Itm to Wyllih dyxe, xvjV. To Wyllm Tylney, xvjr/. . 

Itm to Thorns Lussher, xvjc/. To Eycharde Man, xvjd 

Itm to Nycholas Purdye, XYJ(/. To Eycharde Purdy, ) 

xvjV/ J J J 

Itm to Eycharde Hey, At y^ Crosse ^si)^ ^vj^/. To 
Wyllm yarhm, XYJc/. ...... 

Itm to Wyllm Eudd, xvjV/. To Thorns Shetell, xvjV/. . 

To y^ laborers y® same daye. 

In p^imis to Thorns Cursh, ycL To John Brese, \d. 

To Eobt Lyno'ey, Yd. ...... 

Itm to Eobt Eeymer, Yd. To Willm dyxe, Yd. To 

Willm Smvthe, Yd. ...... 

Itm to Thorns powle, Yd. Thorns Blackb^ro, Yd. To 

Ey. Eobynsh, Yd. ....... 

Itm to John Mayer, iiijr/. To Herry Lussher, Yd. To 

Eycharde Purdye, Yd. ...... 

Itm to Jaffry Eudde, Yd. Thorns patrycke, Yd. Wyllm 

Wylsfi, Yd 

Itih to Herry Wells, Yd. Loues Ladde, iijV. Ty In eyes 

Ladde, iijd. Eeyners Ladde, iijd. 


• • • • » J 

ijs. YiiyL 

• • • • • J 

ij.s. viijr/. 
ijs. yiijc/. 
ijs. viijV. 

ijs. viijc/. 
ij.s. viiif/. 



• • ■ • . 



• • • • y 




Itm to dyghts Ladde, iijd. Purdyes Ladde, iij^. Herry 
Wakefelde, iij<r/. Thompsfis Ladde, iijd. 
The Sume of y^ mony payed to y® Caryers and 

Laborers y^ fyrste daye ys . . . . » *^ ' 



To y^ Caryers y^ seconde daye. 

In p^imis to Thorns Shetell, XYJd.; Wyllm yarrhm, J 

xvjfl?. J 

Itm to Symon Shetell, xvj^.; Ey. Heywarde at y^ ) 

Crosse, xvjd. J 

Itin to Nycholas Purdy, XYJd.; Wyllm dyxe, xvj^.; 

Ny. dyght, xvj^ 

Itm to Wyllm Eudde for d. A daye, viijr/.; Eycharde x 

Heywarde the elder for A Carte {Z A Horsse, vj^. ; ! ijs. YJd. 

Eycharde Man, XYJd. ..... ) 

Itm to Stephen Loue for A Carte ^ A Horsse 

ijs. viije/. 
ijs. Yiijd. 

• • • • 


To y^ Laborers y^ same daye. 

In p^imis Eobt Worchope, v^.; Thorns Clercke, ij dayes, 

xd.; John Brese, v^ 

Itm Wyllin Wyllsfi, v^.; Eobt Eeyner, Yd.; Thorns) 

Cursh, Yd.; Wy. Smythe, v^ j 

Itm to Andrew Wakefelde, ij days, xd.; Eycharde Purdy, j 

Yd.; Stephh Loue, Yd ) 

Itm to Wy. Thopsh, laborer, Yd.; Wyllm Lussher, iiija'.; ) 

Thorns SheteU, v«^. j 

Itm to Bertylmew Stephensn, v^.; Wyllm dyxe, v^.; 

Wyllm Thopsn, Yd 

Itm to Eycharde Heywarde at y^ oke, y« ow^ seer of y^ 





• • • ■ f 







churchwardens' accounts 



Itm to Shetells Ladde, ij dayes, \]d.; Syzons Ladde, 

iiiyL; Rudds Ladde, ij dayes, \d. .... 

Itm to Tylneyes Ladde, iyl. ; Reyners Ladde, {jd.; 

dyghts Ladde, iyl.; yarrhfhs Ladde, ij dayes, iiijr/. . 

Itm to Rycharde Heywards Ladde for ij days 

Itm in Expenss the ij dayes Afore exp^ssid for hys selfe, ) 

his Horses, hys s^uant, ^ dy^use other of y^ Town ) 
The Sume of y^ mony payed to y^ Caryers ^^ 
Laberers y^ ij day ys xxiij.s. And y'' Expenss 
the seyd ij dayes, As ys Afore specyfyed, ys 
iij.s. iuyL ........ 

XXVJ5. iiijc/. 

To y^ Caryers y^ iij^^ daye. 

In p'^imis to By. Heywarde y^ elder, xvjr/.. Thorns 
Shetell, xvj^/. ....... 

Itm to Ry. Heywarde At y'^ Crosse, xvj^/. ; Rycharde \ 
Purdye, x\jd. . . . . . . . ) 

Itm to AVyllm Thompson, xvjf/.; John Wodcocke, xvj(/. 

To y^ Laborers y® same daye. 

In p^imis to Thorns Shetell, \d. ; Robt Worckepe, vd. ; 

Wyllm Here, Yd. ...... 

Itm to Bertyllmew StephCsn, Yd.; Wyllm Thompsii, 

Yd. ; Piobt Reyner, Yd. 

Itm to Thorns Cursfi, Yd.; Stephen Loue, Yd.; Wyllm 

Smythe, Yd. ....... 

Itm to Rycharde Heywarde, Yd.; Thonis Clarcke, ijd.; ) 

Wy. Wylsh, ijd. ) 

Itm to Thorns Stephesfi, ijd.; to iij y^ brake y" Carte 

Axelltres, vjf/. . 

ij.s. yiij^. 

• • • • • ^ 

ijs. vuja. 

• « • • • . 

IJS. Vlljf/. 





ijs. xd. 

"• xs. viij</. 

Itm to Wyllih Rudd, xvjr/., in Expenss y® same day, 
xijd.; to vj Ladds, vj^. ..... 

Itm delyu^d to y« Chyrche "Wardens, s. WyllmA 
ffrackelyng ^ Wyllm Thompsn, xs. viijc/., to be- 
stoue yt wher As they thyncke moste meate ^ 
couenyet aft y^^ dyscrecon ...../ 

The Sume of mony payed to y^ Caryers (Z Laborers y^, 
iij^^ daye ys xvs., (^ y^' sume of Expenss y« same 
daye ys xijd., ^ y« Sume of y^ mony that was|- xxvJ5. viijf/. 
delyu^d to j' Chyrche Wardens, s. Wyllm ffrancke- 
lyng (z, Wyllm Thopsn ys x.s. viij^. 

Sufna Total p'cedens, iujH. 

Ao Dm 1544 {contimied). 

Itin rec for y^' quethode of Thorns Heywarde, late of ) 
Gatele . . . . . . . . , j 

Itiii rec of Wylliii yarrhm ^ John Brese, w* y^ Consent \ 
of dyu^se of the Inhabytailce y^"" for y^ grante of 
y^ Tow^n Closse lyeng w4n Betele, to hold to them 
^ y^^ assignes xv yers, ys. for An yncomyng 
besyds y^ yerly ferme, y^ seyd tyme wyche shalbe 
yerlyxxs ; 

Itm rec for y^ pfyghts of Halowmes nyght all thyngs 
due at tyme dyscharged ..... 

Itm rec for vj Comb} of malte (t ]h}, Alowyng for y*^ 
Caryeng to y« Kyngs ]\[yll (32) ^ g^ fuptJie to 
Twyforde to y"^ Beare bruars, YyL 

Itm rec for pte of y^ fferme londs w^in IS'orthelmhm . 

Itm rec for pte of y^ fferme londs, Betele 









Sufha Totali {sic) p-^cedens rec, vj//. ijs. YiiyL 

, \ 


churchwardens' accounts 







These be y^ Expenss ^ Chargs leyd owte by the seyd TTyllin fifranke 
lyng (t Wyllm Thompsn, y^ yere of o'" Lorde god Aforseyd. 

Tn p imis to wyllm Smytbe for fellyng of thornes ^ 
bedgyng of y® Est syde of the Campyng Closse . 

Itm to Edmnde Ram for ye carveno: of y^ seyd thornes 

Itm to John Lamberde for A falde gate to hange at y® 
Hethe, And for hoks, hengells, w'^ other yrons for 
y® seyd gate 

Itm to Eeynher for dyo^ofyn^: of Grauell for y^ waye 
At y^ Hethe iij dayes ; for hys wages, Meate, ^ 

Itm to Cursfi y^ seyd iij dayes y^^ xvd., ^ to Wyllm 
Smythe y'^ seyd tyme, xy^. ..... 

Itfn to Ey chard Watson for one day w* hys Carte ^ ij ) 
dayes worcke of hym selffe ther . . . . ) 

Itm to Nycholas dyght for one daye ^ d. w^ hys Carte, 
And for A plancke to ley ou the grope at the 

Itm to Robt Lussher for A dayes worcke ther 

Itm for nayles for y^ bells ^ dyu^se other thyngs y*^*" . 

Itm to wryght for the makyng of y° lytell bell Clapper, ) 
And for mendyng of y'^ thyrd bell Clapper . . ) 

Itm payed to y'^ bekon watche, for y^ offeryng at M^ 
Smythes obyte ....... 

Itm payed to 31 Martyns s uant for y® Rent of one 
Rode of londein the hands of Wyllm ffranckelyno- 

Itm in Expenss whan I rode to Geyghton^^^^ for y^\ 
Townes busynes by the Commandemct of y^ 
Comyssary y"' for serten maters towchyng s'^rten 
godly requests of ow^ sou^ayn lorde y^ kyng 

IJS. IJ^. 



• • • 






Itm to wyllm 3^arrhm for mendyng of y® pulpy tt for o^ 


Itm to Wyllm Tylney for y« mendyng of Glase) 

wyndow vpon the sougthe syde of the Chyrche . ) 
Itm payed to y« balye of y« hundered for y« bekon ) 

watche .... ( 

Itm payed to my lady hastens balye for the Rent of A i 

medow lyeng in Bytteryng ) 

Itm to y^ Constables of Gressenhall for y^ taxe of V 

seyd medow 

Sum, xxys, iiijr/. ob. 


• • • 7 





Itfii to y^ Constables of Betele for y^ taxe of owM 
londsy"- ) 

Itm in Expenss at lytchm whan we were ther At y^ 
generall by the Commandemet of M*-^ heythe y^ 
Comyssary generall than 

Itm to y^ forseyd baly of this hudered for y^ bekon ) 
watche J 

Itm payed towarde y^ taxe of JSTorthelmhm . 

Itm to herry ffylde (z, hys Compenye for pte of dytchyng 
for s'^rten of ow^ londs lyeng w^in Betele 

Itm to y^ Colour of Northelmhm for y« Rente of y^ 
londs y" 

Itm to the baly ther for y^ lete ffe .... xxiiiis 

Itm to hym for y^ Rente of ow'^ londs lyeng w4n Betele ys. 

Itm to y^ forseyd Herry ffylde (i his Compenye for pte \ 

of dytchyng of s'-^rten of ow^ londs lyeng w^n xiJ5. Yiiyi 
Betele ! 



xij.s. iii]d. 







Itni to John Wodcocke for pte of v® fferme of serten ) 

^ > iii.s, 
londs lyeng w4n the fowlde Course of Northelmlim ) 

bum, iiij//. xiija. 


iijs. viijc/. 

Itm xVlowed to my selfFe for caryeng of Grauell ^\ 
dyggyng of y"-' same ij dayes ynto byllyngforde 
brydge, ^ to y^ lane also of the bake syde of 
olde Shetells, ^ for meate, drynke, ^ wags for 
my selffe ^ my s'^uants the seyd time . . J 

Sum Totali (sicj Solut^, \li. ixs. jt/. ob. 

The Sume of y^ Ptec of y^ seyd "Wyllm ^ "Wyllm ys . yj7/. iJ5. \uyL 

The Sume of y' Expess ^ Chargs of y^ seyd VYy. ^ Wy.ys \IL ixs.yl. ob. 

And so remayn in y^^ hands As ys here leyd down in ) ... 

" ^^ \ , X111.9. \]d. ob. 

monye at tner Aecompts . . . . . ) "^ 

. . And so the seyd AVyllm Thompsn ^ AVyllm ffrankelyng be clerly 
eti >Tt diJti dyscharged for y^^ yere paste. 

iT--n - ^ ^i^- After y^ Hekenyno: made Wyllm ifranckelyno: hathe chosen to 
VV illniQ p . -^ - ° " -^ ° 

hoc Anno ^® ^^^ felow for this yere comyng E dm undo ffletcher. 

p''^dicto. Delyu^id y^™ in hande, that ys to seye, to y^ seyd ) 

A Dm. 
1545. M^ 
[A° 37^ 
Hen. VIII.] 

Wyllm ffranckelyng ^ Edmhde ffletcher 

A^ dm 1545^ 
A Rekenyng made y^ \Yedn^sedaye in Whyghtsonweke the y 


of ow^ lorde god M'^ccccc ^ xlv^' of Wylliii frakelyng ^ Edmnde 
ffletcher, Chyrchwardens of Northelmhm, ^c. 

The Rece3'ts of us, y^ foreseyd Willm ^ Edmhde ffletcher. 
In p'^imis Receyuid At y^ Aecompts As ys Afore) 

specyfyed . . . . . . . .) ''^ " •' * 

Itm rec of John Gogneye for y*^ quethode of his father ) 

to y^' Chyrche I 

ffurressolu^ Itiii rec of Warner of Gatele for s'-^rten ffurres \' lie 

(i.e., soluti had vpon y^ Comon , 

-, ' ., Itm rec of Wyllih Thompsn for y^' olde dett of\ 



Thowse (sic) Howse of Betele for .V Closse (2 

other londs lyencj thei 
Itm rec of y^ pson of Bjdney (3*> for s-^rten londs lyeng ) 

w4n y'' bownds of Betele, leyng now ynclosed . j 
It rec of Jhon Hall for y^ fferme of s'^ten londs ther . 
Itfii rec of Wyllm yarrhm for y'^ Towne Closse lyeng x 

in Betele, xxs., ^ for serten londs lyeino- w^in 

Elmhm, ijs ) 

Itm rec of Thorns Shetell for londe ferme in Elmhih 
Itm rec of Thorns lussher for londe ferme w4n I^orth- 


iijs. yiijo?. 




elmhih, ijs., ^ of hym rec for y^ Campyng 
closse, ij.s 

Itih rec of Boht Eudd for s'^rten of y« Town londs 
lyeng w^in Betele, by heryngs now ynclosed 

Itm rec of y^ pfyghts for halowmes nyght, besyds all >^ 
thyngs dyscharged due to be payed at y^ tyme, as 
for y*^ wasshyng of y^ Syrples, tendyng y^ bells, ^ 
such other ; (t also payed Afore hande for iiij b^ of ; 
Malte Ageynst y'^ next y"'^, wyche shall be payed 
(J delyu^id by WylhTi dycke or his Assignes \v^ A 
heape at y^ Comb^;, ^c 

Itih rec of By chard Crow for y*^ ferme of A Medow . 

Itfh rec of Joim Rudd of Betele for Thornes owte of 

y^ ow^ Closse y^^' 

Itm receyuid of Jaflfry Rudd for londe fferme 
Itni rec of Nycholas purdy for londe fferme. 

Suiha Total pcedens rec, iiij//. xiiij.s. iyl ^ xyjc/. 



• • • • 

• • • • 













vjs. vlijV/. 

These be y" Expenss ^ Charges leyd owte by the s'^ Wyllm ffranckelyng 
^ Edmnde ffleteher y*^ yere of o^ lord god Aforseyd, ^c. 

In p'^imis to Wyllm Tyluey, \ys. \uyL in pte of paymet 
of xx.s. for y'^ taken down of y^ panes of eu^y 
wyndow of ye Clery Storyes, ^ muste surely ^ 
Substancyallv make ^ Amende v^"^ w* all y^ other 
wyndowes also y* be now perysshcd, (z praysed to 
do y^™ betwyxe y^ Rekenyng at Wyghtsondaye, 
y^ yere of ow^ lorde Aforseyd, (Z Mychaelmes next 
af? y^ And furder he bynde hym selfie by thys 
p^sens to y^ seyd Chyrchwardens y'^'", ^ also other 

X^ ^ ft' ft/ *' 

succedyng y^"" from tyme to tyme beyng, y^ he 
shall Substancyally kepe y^ seyd wyndowes of y^ 
Clerye Storyes duryng: hys lyffe naturall at his 

,; «.■ ft/- O •' •■ 

own xpse, Coste, ^ charge, for xiyi. y^ yere, 
^c. .....•••• 

ItiTJ payede to y' seyd AVyllm Tylneye At tweyn 
seuerall tymcs aft that in full Contentacon ^ 
paymCt of y^ seyd xxv. for y^ taken down ^ - xiij.s. nij(/. 
mendyng: of y*" seyd wyndowes of y^ Clery Storyes 
(L Other in man) (l forme Aforseyd .... 

Itm payed to Ilerry ffvlde for sellyng of Thornes for\ 

^ ^ ft/ t- ^ *"^ 

y^ new closse lyeng by Ileryngs in Betele, xxrA, (z. 
to Edmnde Ram, Stephen Lone, for Caryeng of 
Thornes ii dayes to y^ seyd Closse, iiij-s. yiijV/., 

t^ ft, «/ •• ^ 

payed Also to y*^ seyd Ilerry ifylde And Eycharde 
Eobyns, for hedgyng of y^ seyd Closse, ij.s. \yl ., 
Itm payed for A syde of lether for y^ bawedrecks of y 
bells, xviij^/., (i to John Wryght for A flPyer pane 
(2 Abuckell for A badrycke, xf/.; ^ to hym foi 
y^ mendyng of ij bell Clappers, iijv. 







Itni paj^ed to y^ lords Colour of y^^ maS for y^ leate ffe,N 
xxiiij.s. ; (i for ij payer of botes for y^ Soydyors y* 
sholde haue gone furthe ^^^^ y^ yere that ys paste, 

xxxs. viijV/. 

^c., V^H. yiijV/. 

bum, iij//. iiijs. x«. 

Reddi? sol'-^ 
Solutus est, 
the rent has 
been paid). 

Itfii to Blackebrow for A Ratchett ^^6) xxr/. ; for y*^ Rent\ 
of y^ town lends, yij-s. ; for y'^ rent of y^ town 
londs lyeng in Betele, ys. ; ^ for y^ town lends i xmj^- ij^* 
holde of my lady hastyngs, yjr/. . . . .j 

Itm to one Sawnder of y^ same town for A Swerd <« \ 

A daggarde for one of y^ Soydyors y^ shold haue ) ijs. yiijf/. 

gone furthe . 

sht dicti 
Willm9 et 
pro hoc kP 

Itm to Roger Ilamonde for fFellyng of An ocke in y® 
pcke for y^' mendyng of y^ brydge by Rudds, iijV/.; 
to fFyncke for y^' glasyng of iij panes of Aw^yndowj- 
in Seynt James Chapell, iiijs. yjr/. ; for iij Gyrdles 
for y^' Albes,^^"^' iij(/. ...... 

Itm to John AYryght for y^' makyng of y new barres^^ 
for y^ Clery Storyes, (i mendyng of xxxy^^ olde 
barres, yij<^/. ; ^ for y^ mendyng of y*^ laten 
Censors ^^^ at Norwyche, vr/. .... 

Itm payed to John Wodcocke for pte of y^ fferme of \ 
s^rten londs lyeng w^n y^ £Polde Course of Elmhm ( 

Sum, xxvjs. ixr/. 



iijs. yj^/. 

The sume of y' Rec of y^ seyd Wyllm a Ed- ) 

^ , } wmi. xmis. lu/., a xvif/. 

mnde ys ) '' j j ' ^ j 

The sume of y^ Expenss (z Charges of y^ seyd | 

Wyllm ffranckelyng And Edmnde ffleteher . ) ^ ' •' " •' ' 



• f • • • 7 

And so remayn in y^'^ hands As ys liere layed down | 
by them at y^'* Accomptes in monye . . • ) 

And so the seyd WyUm fFranekelyng (t Edmfide ffletcher bo clerly 
dyscharged for thys yere paste. 

A Dom. 

Hen. VIII.] 


A« dm, 1546^ 

A Eekcnyng made y'' \yedrisedaye in "Whyghtsonweke, the 
yere of ow'" lorde m^'ccccc ^ xlvj^S of Edmfide ffletcher ^ Thorns 
powle for WylhTi dyeke, because he refused shortlye afV he was 
chosen, ^c, Chyrchewardens of Northelmhm. 

In p^imis Receyuid at y^ Accompts As ys Afore | 



Itm rec of xVly^ m^chall of Bylney, wydow, ^ John hyr ^ 

sone for lond ferme lyeng wUn betele 


Itm rec of Herry Greye of Bresele for furres . 

Itm rec of Thorns Lussher for y'^ ferme of y" Campyng ) 

Closse ^ other londs ) 

Itih rec of Jaffrye Rudd for londe ferme . 

Itm rec of Roberd Rudd of Betele for londe ferme y*^'' 

Itfn rec of ^Yvllm yarrhm for y^^ ferme of y'' Town j 

Closse ^ other londs ...... 

Itm rec of Thorns Shetell for londe ferme . 

Itm rec of Herry Ruston for londe ferme . 

Itm rec of Nycholas purdy for londe ferme . 

Itin rec of Wyllm iFranckelyng for londe ferme . 

It in rec of John Hall of Betele for londe ferme . 

Itm rec of Aiie Tauner of Bresesele (sic) (^9), for 
londe ferme lyeng w4n her grett Closse in y*' 
pasture y^^ yere <t other bey in g paste . 

W- ^'"J 










^ XX1J.S. 





Itm rec of Nycholas dyght for londe ferme in y^ 
pasture heyred of John Wodcoke by the wholl 
townchype y"' as longe as he hys (sic) fermour of 
them ........ .J 

Itm rec of Edmnde ffletcher for londe ferme ther 
heyred of y^ seyd John ^Vodcoke by the seyd 
townchype in maS aforseyd ..... 

Itm rec of Wyllm Encode of Gatele for londe ferme y"' 
heyred of y'^ seyed John Wodcoke by the seyd 
townchype in maS aforseyd . . . . • 


r ^'y-^- 



M'^. ther remayned y^® yere nothyng of y*^ pfyghts of Halowmes 
nyght, all thyngs dyscharged due to be payed y^", s. for y^ 
wasshyng of y'-' Syrpleses, tendyng of y^ bells, ^ suche other. 
And to John Wryght for mendyng of Certen yron worcke 
longyng to y^ Chyrche, but ijs. iiiy!., wyche monye Thorns powle 
Aforseyd rec for iiij b^ of Malte, to be delyu'^yd Age3mst the 
next Halowmes by hy*^ or his Assynes, w' A hepe at ye Comb5. 

Itm rec by me, y'^ seyd Edmnde ffletcher, of s' John ^ 
Elu^yche, iijs\ iiiyl., in pte of xyij-s. iiijc/. which he 
had in his Custodye, belongyng to y^' Chyrche gate 
plow ther ^^^\ ^ y^ rest, whyche was xiiijs., was 
delyu^cd to Wyllni Thompson ^ N3'cholas purdy, 
Constables ther, by the seyd s^ John Elu^yche, ^ 
by the consent of y*-' Inhabitance ther, for necessary 
chargs belongj'ng to y^ town, ^ so He ys dyscharged 
of y^ wholl ....... 

Sum tota p^'dens rec, iiij//. yiij-s. yiij^/. 

• • m » • » 9 y 

IIJS. llijr/. 




These be y^ Charges g Expensis leyd owte <2 payed by the seyd 
Edmnde ffletcher ^ Thorns powle the yere of ower Lorde god 
Aforseyd, ^c. 

In p'^iinis for lyght ^ offeryug at y'^ obyte day for the 
bencfuctours vpon Wyghtson wednsdaye y^ laste 

Itfh for lyght (Z offering at y^ ob3'te day of M^ Smythe 
^ CoUett his wyffe, xUwayes kept vpon Holy Ptode 

Itm to Margaret Croker for medyng of A Syrples 

Itm to John Gogney for y^" Rent of y"" town londs of 
Ehnhm lyen": w4n v^ fvlds of Betele . 

Itm to Ryehard Huston ^ John Pers, Constables ther, j 
to be payed towards y'-' kepyng of y^' bekon watche j 

Itm to Margaret Croker for y^ medyng of a Ratchet . 

Itm payed to y^ lords Collectour for y^ mcyment of A ) 
weye lyeng at wodforthe .... 

yi. ob 




Itm to John Brown, being y^ seyd lords Collectour y*^"", > 

for y^' lete fee of y^ town londs of Northelmhm ! xxiiij^'. 

lyeng in Betele . . . . . . / 

redd sof . Itm to y*-' seyd John Brown for y'^ rent of the town) 

londs of Northelmhiii Aforseyd . . . . ( 
Itm to Wyllm yarrhni for y^ makyog of y^ gret bell \ 

w^hele ) 

Itm for A gret lantern to bear lyght before y^ i 

Sacramct ^"^^ j 

Itm to Thorns Shetell for y'' Carryeng of ij lodes of \ 

Grauell to Woodforthe ) 

nj.s". \\\yJ. 



Sum, xliiij.s-. ob. 



Itm payed to Wyllm Thomson (z. Nycholas purdy, 
Constables y"*, to be payed tow^ards y^ kypyng of 
bekon watche, (4c. 

Itm to my lady hastyngs balye for Rent of s^rten londs \ 
longyng to y« town of Elmhm (z, holden of her . ) 

Itm to one James, A Taylour of ffolsehm, for y'^ 1 
mendyng of y^ Redd Cope^^^) rownde Abowte) 

Itm payed to y^ Constables of Betele for the taxe of y^ 
town londs of Northelmhm y^"" . 

Itm to John Wryght for makyng of y« Chyrche dore 
keye ^ for y^ mendyng also of the locke (i keye 
of y Chest y^ standythe in y« quere by the 

Itm to y'^ Constables of Gressenhall for y« taxe of j 
s'^rten londs . ) 

Itm to John AVryght for y^ medyng of y^ iij^^ belli 
clapper | 

Itm payed to John ^yodcoke for serten londs lyeng w*in> 
y« pasture (z, heyred of hym fr5 tyme to tyme by 
the Chyrchwardens y'^^, xixs. vjr/., (z, hathe bownde 
hym selfe by pmyse to y*^ townchj^pe y^^' y* they 
shall have y*-^™ so long As he ys fferrao^ ^ no other 
to have y'^™ but y^^ (uc), so he be payed eu*^y yere 
afore hande ye sume Aforseyd in maS (^ fourme 
As ys Agreed betwyxe y*^ Inhabitahce of ye 
townchype of Elmhm (z, hym, whereof pte j^s 
payed of y« receyts for y^' ferme of y'^ seyd londs 
and y^ rest of y^'^ other pfyghts belongyng to y^ 
town, wyche ys comoly iij.s. vj(7. at y« leste wayes J 

Itih for y^ mendyng y^ waye at byllyngforde brydge 

E 2 







ij». Y^d. 





churchwardens' accounts 

This entry Itm payed to Eoger Ilamonde for y'' fellyng of A tree ) 
IS crossed ^^ mende w'^ y*^ brydfje by father Rudds . . ) 

Itm in Expenss at Estderhm for my ptener ^ me whan 
we were Comaded to Apere before y^ Comyssyoners 
y^^' ^ to bryng A true Certyficat of all suche 
Chantryes and ppetuytyes ^'^^^ As wer w^n y^ 
town y^^, ^c. ....../ 

Itm payed to M'^^ dethyke for y^ mendyng of y'' best ^ 
Canapye ^^^^, y'^ Crosse clothe of sylk (^^\ ^ y^ ; 
Cope ^^^' that ys grene and full of Eoses, ^c. . ^ 

Itm payed to s John Elu^yche for y*^ wryghtyng of ow' 
s^tyfycat Aforseyd, wyche was payed by hy to y' 
Clerks of y^' seyd comyssyoners 

Sum, xxxiiJ6'. iiij(/. 



.... , 


The sume of y^ Receyts of y^ seyd Edmfide ^) 

Thorns ys ) "y«- ^-"J*'- ^»J^'- 

The sume of the Expenss ^ Charges of y® ) 

J -cj -ji m ^ \ T^i, ~ 1 1 ^'s iiiV/. xvijs'. \\y/. ob 

seyd Edmnde iiletcner ^ inoms powle . ) " -^ "^ ^ 

xind so remayn in y^'^ hands in monve As ys here i 

leyd down at ther Accomptes, ^c. . . . .1 ^ ^'" -^ " 

And so the seyd Edmnde ffletcher (z Thoiiis jDowle be clerly 
dyscharged for y*^ yere that ys paste. 

A Dm. 


[A 1 

Edw. VI] 

Anno dm 1547. 

M*^. A Rekenynf? made y^ Wedfisdaye in "Whyofhtsone AVeke the 
yere of ow"" lorde god M^^ ccccc ^ xlvij^^ of Thorns powle And 
Ry chard Ruston, Chyrch wardens of Northelmhm. 

In p'^imis Rec at y^ Accompts of y'^ seyd xj.s\ iiyl. ] 

(? iiij<:/.) ob afore specyfyed 




Receyts for 
lond ferme 
w^in Elm- 


Itm rec for y^ pfyght of Halowmes nyght w* y^ yiijd \ 
that fFather Rudd gafe to y^ Chyrche vj.s. yyL 
whereof payed y^« for y« wasshyg of y^ Chyrche 
gere xvjV/. ; to Rychard Rust for iiij b5 of malte y^ / 
next yere w* A hepe at y^ Combe ij.s. ijd. ; ^ so 

remayn in y^^ hande iij.s. ixd / 

Itm Rec of Thorns Lussher for y^ £Perme of y^ Capyng 


Itm rec of hym for other lends w4n Elmhm iFylds 
Itm rec of Elyn Rudd, wydow, for londe fferme y" 
Itm rec of Nycholas purdy for londe fferme y*^^ 
Itm rec of Ilerry Rustn for londe fferme y^^ 

Sum, xxjs. xJG?. 




Rec for 
lond ferme 
w4n Elm- 


Rec for 
lond ferme 
w^in Betelee. 

Itm rec of Wyllm yarrhfii for londe fferme y^^ 
Itm rec of Shetell Thorns for londe fferme y^^ 
Itm rec of John Johnson for londe fferme y" 
Itm rec of Wyllm ffranckelyng for londe fferme y^'* 


Itm rec of y^ wydow of Bylney y' kepe y^ psons howse^ 
(Z hyr sone s. of Alys Marche (Z John hyr sone for 
y^ fferme of xx*^ Acr"^ of lends lyeng w^in y^' 

Towm ^ ffylds of Betelee 

Itm rec of Robt Rudd for viij Acr^ y"' ynclosed . 
Itm rec of hym for iij Acr^ y" lyeng in his Closse 
Itin rec of John Halle for ij Acr^ lyeng y^"" 
Itin rec of Wyllin yarrhm for A Closse lyeng y^^ 
Itm rec for Crocks ^ Trenchers ^^9) ^qI^q ^^ Mychael 
mes by the Chyrchewardens then, go . 

• • • • 



iijs. ixd. 



- xiijs. iiiyi. 


ijs. iiiyl 




churchwardens' accounts 



Itfh rec of Xycholas dyght for londe fFerme lyeng in v 

pasture ^ lieyred of John Woodcoke by y^ I \i]s. 

Chyrchewardens ....... 

Itm rec of Edmfide ffletcher for londe fferme y^^ lieyred 

of y^ seyd John Woodcoke by the seyd Chyrche- \ iiijs. 

wardens ....... 

Itm rec of Wyllm Eu ode, of Gatele, for londe fferme \ 

y^^ heyred of y^ seyd John Woodcocke, by the ! 

sevd Chyrchwardens ^ 

Sum, iij//. xj.9. vijV/. 

These be y*-' Chargs ^ Expenss leyed owte ^ payed by the seyd 

Thorns Powle ^ Rychard Rustn the yere of ow'" Lord god 

aforseyd, (Zc. 
In p imis for lyght ^ olferyng at y^ obyte daye of all 

y^ benefactours now depted, ^ other 
Itm payed to Rychard Goose for A Swerde for A 

Sowdyour, ^c 

Itm leyed owte for whytlether for y^ badervcks . 



• • • • -J 


Itm to a plumer for y^ remouyng ^ sowdyng of y® ledd > 
^ mendyng of y^ Tymbre worcke also vpon y^ > 
nether pte of the pynnacle of y^ Steple, ij dayes • ' 
Itm for v^^ ^ di. of sowde for y^ seyd worcke 
Itm for hys Comons the seyd ij dayes .... 
Itm for hys s^uers wags ^ Comos y^ seyd ij dayes 
Itm for nayle y'^", iiij<'/.; for wodd y'^" for y^ plumer, ijr/. 

Sum, yij.s\ ijr/. 

Itm to Wyllm ffyncke for layeng of y^ breke in y^' ij\ 
panes of y® wyndow vpon y^ bellsoller ij dayes ^ 
di., for his Comons y^ seyd tyme, ^ for sowde also 
to tempre w^ y^ ledd, ^c 


iJ6\ iiij(/. 

... , 


r '^y^- ij^^- 



Itm for his s^uers wags ^ Comons y'^ seyd tyme . 

Itfh to Eychard ffranckelyng for lyme (t breke for y® 
panes of y^ seyd wyndow, ^c 

Itm for woode, ijd.; ^ to Wyllfh yarrhih for y^ wyndow v 
y* hangeth in y'^ mydle pane of the wyndow vpon > 
y^ belsoUer, xijr/ / 

Itm payed to my lady Hastyngs (50> baly for Kent 

Itm payed to Wryght fora bolte for y« grett bell, xiyL; 
for yrons for y^ seyd bell, iiijiL; ^ for A dagger 
for A Sowdyour, Yiiyl 

Itm to Reyner for Tendyng of y*' bells, vj^^. And to \ 
AVillin yarrhm also for y^ trymyng of y^™, xvjd. • \ 

Sum, ix-S'. iiijrt^. 





Itfh paj^ed to Roht Barchrhm for y^ sawyng of y® Tree ) 
wherew* was made y^ brydge by Rudds . . . ) 

Itfh for y« makyng of A pytt to saw y^ seyd tree, iiijd.; 
^ vnto John Lamberd for ij bvtts of y*^ same 
tree, viij^/ 

Itfh payed for A Syrples ^ y^ makyng tliereof 

Itfh payed to good Beales of Byllyngford for y^ j 

Caryage of ij Tables for Aulters ^^i) fro Norwyche j 

Redd sor^ Itm payed to y^ Lords Colour for the Rent of the Town i 

londs of ^orthelmhfh, ^c j 

Itfh for makyng of y^ Chyldren Coopes, xvjd.; to y« 
Ryngers whan we kept for o'" late sou^ayn Lorde 
kyng Henry the viij*^ (^2)^ [[[^i . ^ f^j, offeryng, yd. 

Sufh, xxvs. jd. 

Itfh payed to y^ Lords Colour for y^ lete ffee of y 

Town londs of Elmhm lyeng y^*" g yn Bettele, ^c. ' ^^^^y'^' 

vijs. viij(/. 


vjs. viij(/. 







• • • • y 


Itm payed to y^ seyd Colour for y^ Rent of y^ Town ) 

londs of Elralim Ivenf? w^in Betele . . . ) 

Itm payed to John Wryght for hengles, hokes, ^ A 
barre for y*^ wyndow ypon bellsoller 

•J* soldo by Rychard Ruston (Z John Pers, Chyrcbwardens y*'", by 
the Consente and Assent of dyu^se of y^ Inhabytance y^'^ y^ 
iiijt^ daye of Jhe, xi« dm 1547^ ^ A° 1« Ed. Sixti, fyrste for A 
Monstrant of Sylu^ ^^^^ pcell gylte, xxj^^ yncs j qter ^ d. aft 
iiij.9. vjr/. y® \Tice, iiijV/. xvj.9. A payer of Sensors w^ y^ sbype 
of Sylu^ >^', xxxij^^ yncs aft^ iiij-v. yjV/. y® vnce, yijV/. ilij.s. A 
payer of paxes of Sylu"^ ^^^^ pcell gylte, xj*^ yncs, d. \js. ixd. 
The whoUe Sum xiiij//. xj.s. ix'L, y^ reste was rec yn the exchange 
of A payer of Chalyce '^^^\ (zc, ut seq ibm. 

Itm payed to John Woodcoke for Certen londs lyeng 
w^in y*" pasture beyonde y^ Iley Crosse to 
Ryborough warde '^^^ ^ heyred by the Chyrche- j- xixs. yjV. 
wardens of Northelmhrn to (t for y^ entents ^ 
purposes Afore exp ssed, (tc. . 

Sum, xlviijs. xd. 

The sume of y^ Receyts of y^' seyd Thorns ^) 

Rychard ys * ' \'''^^'' ^''^'- ^^'^'^' 

The sume of ther Expenss ^ Charges thys yere ys . iiij//. xs. \d. 

And so remayn in ther hands As here 3's leyd down At \ 

y^'^ Accompts besyds all thyngs aforseyd dys- > iij.s. ij^. 
charged . . . . . . . J 

And so the seyd Thorns Powle a Rychard Rustfi . . . 9 ,• ~x 

•^ . ) et sic q eti snt, 

And y^^ Heyres be clerly dyscharged for y'^ \ 
yere paste . . . . . . . / 



A Dm. 



Edw. VI.] 

A*' dm. 1548«. 

M^. A Rekenyng made y^ Wedfisedaye in Wyghtsone weke, the 
yere of ow^' Lord god m^ccccc ^ xlyiij^^ of Rychard Rustfi (t 
John Pers, Chyrchewardens of northelmhfh the same yere, ^c. 

In p'^imis rec At y*^ Accompts As ys afore specyfyed 

iijs. ij(/. 

iJ5. yiij</. 






Itm rec then of Rychard C^'owe for A Medow lyeng | 

w*in Byttryng, one yere . . . . . ) 
Itm rec y^" of Thorns Shetell for A tre Toppe 
Itm rec y*^° for wodd solde in y^ Town Closse in Betele \ 

to s^ten dyu^se of Elmhih ] 

The wholl rec at y^ seyd Accompts .... 
Itm rec of Herry Grenwode for s'^rten plat •{• set ) 

owt in fine, hoc signo, ^c, ibm . . .} ^^1'''^* ^4^- iiij^^ 
Itm rec for y^ Clothes y^ henge before y- roode lof te ) 

w^ other small steyned clothes ^ y^ ymages (^) • ) 

Sum, x\\]U. \s. vjc/., besyds y^ seyd ix.s. ijt/. 

Itm rec of s^rten w^n Elmham, Bettele, (z, Bylneye, for v 
lond ferme, s. of Alys Marche ^ John her sone, 
xiijs. iiijc/.; of Robt Rudd, xs.; of Wyllm Sohm, 
ij.5. iiijf/.; of Herry Rustn, iiijr/.; of Thorns \ h. \nyl. 
Lussher, y.s. iiijV/. ; of Nycholas Purdy, xyjV/. ; of 
Henry Rustii, ijs.; of Cateryng dyght, vijs.; of 
Edmhde ffletcher, iiij.s\; of Wyllm Encode, ys. ./ 

Sum, Is. yiijc/. 

Itm rec of Wyllm ffra^ckelynge for lond ferme, xijV/.; 
of John Brown for londe ferme, xyr/.; of Thorns 
Shetell for lond fferme, iiijs. xd.i of John Johnson 
for londe ferme, xijc/. ..... 

bum, ynjs. yl. 

• • • • . 

yiijs. j(/. 





Y8. ijd. 
vs. viijr^. 

Expcnss ^ Charges leyd owte by the seyd Chyrclie Wardens tlie yere 

aforseyd, ^c. 
In p^imis for y^ lyght and ofFeryng for y^ b'^nfactors . 
Itm for lether for y^ baderycks, viijr/.; ^ to Wyllm ) 

Tylney for hys fee of reparyng y^' wyndowes, xij(/. j 
Itm for y^ Taxe of y^ Town Londs in Betele 
Itm for y« Taxe of y'^ Town Londs in Elmhin 
Itm payed to M'"^ Robt Curson for s^rten Rearages for | .... 

Londs longyng to y^ Chapell of Becke/^^) ^c. . ) ^' 

Itm to y'^ Colour for y^ lete fee of y^ man of Elmhin xxiiij.9. 
Itm for y^ Chargs of Margaret Is'yebolls (Z her kepers 

the tyme of her syknes the yere that ys paste 
Redd soP ^^"^ ^^^ J"" ^'^^^^ ^^ y*" Town londs of Elmhm, vijs., ^ ) 

Betele, vs. . . . . . . . . ) 

N'' hie p Itm payed for A Byble, xv.s., ^ y^ paraphrasys of j 

Erasm9 ^^°^ vpon y^' Gospells ^ y® Actes of y^ [ xxvij.s- 



Apostles, xij-s., ^c. 

Itm to ffyncke for glasyng, ij-s.; for lyme, ijs.; for y*-' 
caryage of y^ seyd lyme, x\yL To Woodcoke 
for londe ferme be syds the receyts for his londe^ 
iijs. vjV/. ........ 

Sum, \lt. xs. \jd. 

viij.s. xd. 

Itm payed for y^ wasshyng of y^ Chyrche gere . 
Itm putt yntoy'^poore folcks Cheste at y^ quere dore^^^^ 
Itm in Chargs at Walsynghm ^^^^ before y^ kyngs 

vysytours (2 Comyssyoners for ow^ expenss ^ bylls 

wrytte by y"^"" /z leyd owt by vs y*-'^ 
Itin to Wyllin Tylney for y^ Colouryng of y^ panes of 

y^ Table at y^ Hygb Aulter ^63) ^ ye f^j.^ ^^ ^f ye 

rode lofte ........ 

11] s. 111J«. 


iijs. iiija. 


N*'. Itm to y^ baly of y^ hudered towards ye makyng of y^ ) 

bekons ) 

Itm to John Wryght for y^ medyng of y^ locke vpon\ 
y*^ Steple dore ^ A new key therto, vijV/. ; for 
Mendyng y^ locke (Z A new key for y'^ pore folcks 
Cheste, vjV/.; ^ for ij hengells for y^ gates at y^ 
Hethe, ij(/.; for medyng A bolte of y^ gret bell ^ 
other small yrons to y^' same, ijd. .... 
Itm for d. A b3; of Whete for bred Age3^nst Halowmes 
Itm for ij locks to hange vpon y^ pore folcks Cheste 
Itm to Herry Wells for y*^ tendyng of y^ bells 
Itiii to Watson ^ Thompso for makyng y*^ dytche at 

fulfurth dale betwen Gatle ^ ys . 
Itm to John Wryght for Mendyng ^ lenghyng y^ 
barres of y^ southe grat ^ yrons for y^ fall Gat at 


Itm to Ilerry my sone for hys worckemashype of y^ 
seyd grat, xviijV/., ^ to ffather Here belpyng hym 
ther, iiij{^. 

Sum, xix6'. id, 

Itm to y^ becon watche, iJ6\ To Thorns powle for to 
bye bowes ^ Arowes, xs., ^ for A Casse for A 
Shefe of Arowes, xij(/. To Wyllm fyncke in ptj-xxiijs 
of paymet of xxs. for y'-' whytyng of y^ Chyrche, 
^^- • • . . . . . . 

Itm for y'' makyog of y^ Comon butts, y*' grauyng of y® ) 
flaggs, (t makyng y'^ dytches Abowte y^ seyd butts j 

Itm for y'-' Caryeng of x lods of flaggs for y^ seyd butts j 
w* rayn own Carte, af? \\y.L y^ lode . . ) 









vs. viijc/. 
ij.s. vjr/. 






Itm payed to Mother dunkhm for A Tubb for the^ 
Chyrchc wliygtliyng, iiijV/.; for A matte for y" 
yt reade vpon y^' byble ^ y^ paraphrass, yL; for 
wodde, j.:7. ; for y^^ belpyng vp of \' large ladders 
in y^ Chyrcbe vpon y*^ worckyng dayes, in dryncke, 
ijV/. .....••••/ 

Itm in Expenss at Walsyngbm for ow^ horsemete not ) 
wrytte^ Amongst ow^ chargs y" Aforseyd . . ) 

Some, xxxij-s. ij(/., ^c. 

(J>^ Tbes Sumes folo^yyng wer leyd owte by John pers— 

Itm payed for v daggers for y^ Sowdyours ther . . iij-s. 
Itm for A Scaberd for A Swerd ^ Another for A| 

daiZ'fi'erd . . . • • • • • ) 

Itiii for y^ Caryeng of vij lods of fflaggs to Como^ butts 
Itm for y newe Swerds for y^' Sowdyours ther the pycc 

of eu^y one of them, ijs. viijr/. .... 
Itiii in Expenss for my selffe ^ my horse whan I bowt 

y^ seyd Swerds (t. daggers; for I Eod fyrste to 

Alsehm ffaycr, ^ from these to Norwyche 
Some xix.s. vj(/. besyds the Some yerly payed to John 

Wodcoke for londs hey red of hym by the Tow^- 

chype, (z lyeng in y^ pasture, wyche ys . 
Itm for Mendyng of y^ fall gat at y^' olde pale, ^ for 

Wood for y^ medyng of y'^ hedge y"', ^ for y^ 
of v*^ same 




• • • • J 



• • • • -m 




• • ■ y 


carytg ot y 


5)^ The wholl Sum to be rekened fro y^' sygne Aforseyd ys, xL\ ijf/. 

The Sume of y^ Rec of y^ seyd Rychard ^ John ys xxli. xiijs". \d. 

The Sume of y^^ Expenss this yere ys . . . xli. xxiiy/. 

And so remavn in ther hands As ys her leyd down 

at y"^^ Accompts besyds all thyngs dyscharged ! xli. yjs. (?) vjf/. 
due to be rekned the . . . . , / 

And so y^ seyd Rychard Rustfi ^ John Pers ^ y^^' heyres be clerlye 
dyscharged for this yere that ys paste. 

M*^ y^ ther remayned of y'^ Hec aforseyd, wyche are in y^ wholl 
Some xxlL xiij.s. \d. taken owt therof for y^' Chargs aforseyd, 
xli. vjs. vjr/., (4 so remayned xj//. ix-s. \jd., w^ the rest receyyed 
then for s-^rten thyngs sold at y* tyme wherof was payed than 
to Wyllm ffyncke in full cotentacon ^ paymet of xxs. for v*-' 
whyghtyng of y^^ Chyrche, x.s., ^ ijs. y* they gaue hyni. And 
pte of y*^ Rest of y^ seyd xj//. ixs. vjr/. wyche w^as iiijs. \'yL was 
payed the to s'^rten of y"^ Townchype wyche had payed y^ afore 
to y^ bekon watche, ^ so remayn clere in y'^ hands of y"" 
new Chyrche wardens but xli. xiijs. As j^s aforseyd, wherof 
remayn in y^ hands of John pers the olde Chyrche warden, 
\li.y ^ y"" rest w^yche ys yH. xiijs. remayn in y*-' hands of 
Wyllm ffranckelyng, whom he hath chosen to be hys felowe for 
yis yQYQ comyng, ^c. 

M'^. aft ye Rekenyng made the seyd John Pers hathe 
Chosn Wylliii ffranckelyng to be hj^s felow for 
thys yere Comyng As ys aforseyd ^ delyu^'ed y^*" 
in hande As ys Afore wrytten on y^ other syde, \xli. xuys. 
xli. xiij-s. wherof remayn in y^ hands of John 
Pers, yH., ^ in y*^ hands of Wylliii ffranckelyng, 
yH. xiij.s. as ys also Afore wrytten, ^c. . 


churchwardens' accounts 

A Dm. 


[A 3 

Edw. VL] 

Recevts bv 




Lo^ ff. w^n 

Betele ^ 
El rah m. 




^ Eimhm. 

Anno dm lolO'^. 
M^. A Rekenyng made vpon Trynytie Sondaye af? Euyngsong the 

yere of o^ Lord god m"cccc {Z xlix^^^ of John Pers And WyUm 

ffranckelvnfr, Chyrchewardens of northehnhm the same yere. 
In p^imis Eec at y^ Accompts as ys aforseyd . . \li. xiijs. 
Itm rec of Richard peers gyffne by the same Rychard 

towards y^ mendyng of y" noysome waves w4n / iij//. vjs\ \hjd. 

y" Town ^ Stretes of north elmhm . . .^ 

Itm rec of M^" dethyk, xiij.s. iiijV/. beyng pcell of her J ^ 

husbonds quethode to the seyd Entens . . '} ' 

Itm rec of Rvchard Crow for lond fierme . . . ijs. viij^/. 


Itm rec for An olde xVulter cloth 

Sum, ix//. x\s. xjd. 

Itm rec of John m^che for lond ferme in Betele 

Itm rec of Boberd Rudd for lond ferme y^"" . 

Itm rec of Rvchard Crow for lond ferme, ij-s-. viij^/.; of 
Thoiris Lussher for y'^ Carapyng Closse, iijs-. iiiyJ., 
(2 for londs in the ffylds, iJ6-.; of Thofiis Shetell for 
lond fFerme, iiijs. xr/.; of John Johnson for lond V xxxs 
fferme, xij(/.; ^ of Wyllih yarrhm for o^ Closse at 
Betele, xx6'. xVnd for lond fFerme lyeng w^in 
Elmhm, ij-s. ....••• • 

Itm rec of Robt Twayts s. for y^ pte of Chryste 
Chyrche^^64) foj. ye ^^^f^ ^^y^^ ^f ^o j^^-^ie ^ y^ 

paraphrass ....•■•• 

Sum, iij//. xij.s. iyi. 

Itm rec of Wyllfh Sohm for londe iferme . . . ij-^^ viijV/ 

Itm rec of John Brown meas^ for lond fferme . . xv(/ 

Itm rec for y^ Como waxe y* was solde . . . xxij.s. 



Itm rec of Wyllm Encode for londe fferme in Elmhm 


Suiii, xxx-s. xyi. 



xiiij'//. xixs. 




The Wholl Sum Aforseyd rec by the seyd Wyllfh 

ffra^ckelyng is 

RecbyJo.p. The Wholl Suiii of y^ Receyts of y^ forseyd John Pers 

As is afore exp^ssed at y^ Accompts y^ yere paste . 

In p'^imis to John Wodcoke for s^rten londs hyred of 
hym by the Chyrchewardcs fro yere to yere 
durjmg his lease in ferme As is afore wrytte^ 
lyeng in the pasture 

Itm for a Thalder of lyme bought at Walsynghm 

Itm for y^ Caryeng therof fro thense to Elmhm . 

Itiii payed to laborers when y^ dyggyng of Grauell 
was towards y^ mendyng of the lackjmg monyei 
for y^'^ paynes, s. so moche As came to y^ Sufn of 
vij^/., (jc 

Itm for A Chese for y^ Ryngers at Halowmes nyght . 

The Wholl Sufh of the Chargs of y^ seyd John Peers ) xxvjs. 

^^ • • • • • • • . . . ) ix5. 

In p^imis payed to y^ laborers ^ Caryers of Grauell \ 
towards y^ mendj^ng of y« noysome wayes w4n 
Elmhm, fyrst of y« gyfte of Rychard Pers 
now depted, HjiL vjs. viijr/.; ^ of pte of y« ;iiij//. viijs. iiijrt'. 
quethode ol M^ dethyke, xiijs. iii]d.; ^ y« rest, 
wyche was viijs. iiijt/., was taken owt of y^ 
Town stock, (Xc. 

Itfn to Rychard Heyward att y^ Crosse for dyggyng of 

grauell iij dayes to y'^ entents aforseyd . 
Itm to y*^ bekon watche for iij monethes 
Itfh to Lyngeye for mendyng y« wayes Aboue Jacks j 

brydge (^ other, iij dayes, ^c j ^^V^- 

Itm to John Wryght for a hegell for A fallgate . . y^ 






churchwardens' accounts 

Itm to Wyllni Swaton for rydyng to Estderhm ij tymes 
for M Nowell concernyng serteii busynes ^ 
makyng of wryghtyngs for y^ Town londs . 

Itm to y'^ seyd M^ Xowell for wryghtyng of s^rten j 
ynstrumcts co'^cernyng y^ seyd lands, ^c. . . ) 

Itm in Expenss for hym ^ dyu^se other of y'^ ynhabi- 
tance of y"^ Town, beyng p^sent at y'^ seyd 
busynes ........ 

Itm for y^ fctchyng of A Sckyn of pcbemct from 
Estderhm ....... 

Itm for ij C ^ d. of pauyng Tyle for y'^ Chyrche . 

Itin for y^ Caryeng home therof ^ ij lods of Sonde 

Itm to AVylbn ffyncke for layeng of y^' seyd Tyle in 
dyu^se ptes of y^ Chyrche {t Chapells, s. for ix 
dayes worcke /z d. aft yd. y^ daye .... 

Itm to hys s^uer viij dayes ^ d. af? iiijd y^ daye . 

Sum, yH. xjs. iiyl. 







iij.s. xj(/. 
ijs. x^. 

Itm to y® Colour for y^ Leate ffee of y^' Londs in Betele xxiiijs. 

Eed^ sor . Itm to hym for y^ rent of y*' Town Londs in Elmhm . 
Itin for y^ rent of y^ Town londs lyeng in Betele 
Itm to my Lady Ilastyngs baly for rent y^'^ . 
Itm to Wyllm ffyncke for takyng down of s^tayn panes 

of Giasse in y^ Chyrche ^ Chapells ^ reparyng 

of v^™ 

Itm for one b^ of Malte to be brown for y^ Rjmgers at 
Halowmes nyght 

Itm for halfe A b^ of Whete to y^ seyd entent 

Itm for y^ ffyeng of y^ pytt Ypon y^ gret heathe. 

Itm to AVyllm ^ he to Ilewett of Worthyng for y^ ) 
ffyeng of a drayn in Estagat, (zc | 


• • • • • ■ 

IXS. llljf/. 








Itm to Wyllfh yarrhin for his ffee in tendyng ^ 

trymyng y^ belles, ^c. . 
Itm to powls wyfe for y"^ w^asshyng of y^ Chyrche gere 
Itm to Wyllm Tylney for hj'-s fee, s. for y^ medyng of 

the wyndowes in y*^ Clerystoryes .... 
Itm to Herry Wells for tendyng of y*^ bells . 
Itm to y^ bekon watche the ij^^ tyme for iij monethes . 

Sum, Ivijs. v^. 

Itm payed to Henry dyght for y® ffyeng the pytt vpon 
the grett heath one daye ..... 

Itm payed to y^ bekon watche y'^ iij^^ tyme ij monethes 

Itm payed for A Badrycke for y^ grett bell . 

Itm in expenss at ffakenhm whe we were Co^maded to 
make A true s'^tyfycat of all o'" plate, Jew^ells, 
ornamets. Bells, ^ suche other .... 

Itm for y*^ wryghtyng of o'^ s^tyfycat then . 

Itm to Wyllfh Tylneye for payntyng of y^ clothes 
hangj^ng before y^ quere ^ the Sepulcre also, ^c. . ! 

Itm to Barthrhm for makyng y^ lectorn at y^ quere 





Itm for ij books ^ ij Sawlters for y^ order of the 
new ^^^^ sett forthe by the Kjngs Majesties Cofi 

Itih for iij books, beyng noted, Acordyng to y° seyd 

Itm in Expenss at Lytchm for o"" Apperance y" before 
M^ Croke y^' Surueyo^ to o*" Sou'^ayn Lorde Kyng 
Edward y^ syxt of all Chantryes ^ suche other ^^^K 

Itm to y*^ bekon watche y^ iiij^^^ tyme, ij monethes 

Itm to Roger Hamond for y^ makyng of y*^ pale at y^ 
hethe Gat, fellyng of y^ Tymbre, ^c. . 

.... J 



ijs. yj(/. 

• • • • y 


• • • • J 

xvjs. iiij(/. 

• • a • 




iijs. iiijfl?. 


churchwardens' accounts. 





Itm for y^ fall Gat ther, Tymber, ^ Worckma'^shyp 
Itm to Robt Barthni for mendyng of y^" pales vpon y^ i 

northc syde of y® Chyrchyard ^ y^ Style also y"' .1 ^ ' 
Itm to herry wells for tending y^ Clocke 

Sum, xxxviij?. xd. 

The wholl Sum of y^ rec of the seyd wyllm ) 

rr T 1 ^ i xiiiiV/. xix-s 

nranckelyng, ys ) '' 

The Sum of his Chargs ^ paymcts As is Afore- 
seyd, is 

And so remayn in y^ hands of y^ seyd wyllm As 
is her leyd down at his Accompt, bcsyds all 
thyngs payed, dyscharged, ^ due to be 
rekened for his pte y^°, is ... . 

The wholl Sum of y^' rec of y*^ seyd John peers, is 

The Sum of his Chargs ^ paymcts, As is aforseyd, 

And so remayn in y^' hands of y^' seyd John, as is\ 


her leyd down at his Accompt, besyds all 
thyngs payed, dyscharged, ^ due to be 
rekened for his pte y^'^, is . . . 
And so y"" seyd Wyllm ffra^ckelyng /t John pers ^ 
y^' heyres be clerly dyscharged for thys yere 
that ys paste, ^c 




xli. vij.5. yjd. 

• •••«• • *'f 

niyt. xj.s. vja. 

xxvj.s. jd. 

iij/i. xiijv. x]d. 

et sic q''*eti sHt A° 

A Dm. A« dm. 1550°. 


FA 4* ^^^' ^ P^ekenyng made vpon Trynyte Sondaye af? Euynsong the 

Ed. VI 1 ^'^^^ ^^ ^' ^^^^^ ^°^ ^^^' ^^^^^ ^ fy^^ye of wyllm ffrackelyng ^ 

henry Rusth, Chyrchwardens of northelmhm y<^ same yere, ^c. 



In p^imis delyu^ed to y^™ at y^ Accompts, As is 
Aforseyd, s. A'^ dm 1549° p^dict*^, yiij//. ys. y^., 
whereof remayn in y^ hands of the seyd 
"VVyllfh ffra^ckelyng, iiij//. xjs. yjt/., ^ in the 
hands of herry Rustn, y'^ other Chyrch 
warden, iij//. xiijs. xj(/. . 

Itm rec then by the seyd herry for londe fferme, s. of 
Nycholas purdye, xvjV.; of Hy^ selfe, ijs. iiijc?.; 
wherof payed y^" for wasshyng of y"-' Chyrchegere 
d. A yere, yiijV/.; to Tylneye for hys fee for / 
reparyng of the Clerj^storyes, xijt/.; ^ so remayn 
in his hands of y'^^ last Sums but . 

Itm rec of herry Wakfelde for land fferme in y"-' pasture 

Itm rec of John Wodcocke, ^c. . 

Itm rec of Wyllm Yarrhm for lond fferme lyeng in 
Betele {z Elmhm due for y^^ yere ^ other paste 

Itin rec of Robt Rudd of Betele for lond fferme y'^'^ . 

Itm rec of John Marche of Bylney for lond fferme ) 
lyeng w^in y° Townchype of Betele . . . ) 

Itm rec of Thorns Lussher for y'^ Campyng Closse ^ 
other lends, lyeng in y^ ffylds of northelmhm 

Itm rec of John Brow meas^ for lond fferme y^"" . 

Itm rec of Wyllm Some of Betele for lond ferme y'^^ . 

Sum, vij//. xys. xd. s. rec p h. R. p^ in toto peen. 

Itm rec of Rychard Man for londe fferme in Elmhm . 
Itin rec for y^ Sett of the Como lyght, Aulter Clothes, 

(z s^ten other thyngs soldo ^ delyu^ed in y*^ p^sens 

of dyu^se of y^ pysshners y*^^" ^ then 
Itm rec of Wyllni Eir^ode of Gatelee for londe fferme in 

y^ pasture of Elmhiii 

F 2 










« • • • -n 



• • • • 1 









Itm rec of John Johnson of Bresele for lend fferme) 

lyeng in his Closse at y^ heathe . . . J ^^i'^' 

Itm rec of Herry Eolrae for y^ gret Anty- x x-s, but is now but 

phoners, Grayles, Legends, Masbokes (^7) ^ 

all other kynds of boks of y« olde s^uyce, 

X.S., whereof rec to y^ Towns vse, <^ to of hys wags y* could 

be rekened in myn Accompts, but 

\js. iiijiL . 

vjs. iiijV/.,(4 y^restwas 
Alowed hy^for laeke 

not be gathered in 

. / Town, ^c. 
Suiii, xxxixs. iiijV/. 

The wholl Sume of y^ Eeyceyts of y^^ seyd Herry ) 

Euston the yere that is paste . . . j ^'^ ^^^^' ^^'^- ^J'^' 

Paymets by the seyd Herry Rustn, ^c, ut 

In p^imis to y« lords Colour for y^ let fet (s?'c) of y^ 

Town londs, both of Elmhm ^ Betele . 

Eed^ sol'-^. Itm for y« Eent of y^' Town londs of Elmhm 

Itm for y^ Rent of y« said Town londs in Betele . 

Itm for s^ten londs lyeng w^in Elmhm And Betele 

payeng Eent to y^ Chapell of y^ Becke ^^s) 

Itm to my Lady Hastyngs Baly for Rent . 

Itm to Herry wells for tendyng y^ bells 

Itm to Herry Swanton for ifyrckyno-s 

Itm to Clercks wyffe for A mat to lye befor y^' Table 

of v^ Lord to knele on . 

" • • « 

Itm to Hugh pye for hedgyng of y^ Town Carre, lyeng 

w^in v^^ p^cyncte of Betele (^9) 
Itm payed for nayles to mend w^ y^ stocks (^o) 
Itm for ij planeks to mend w* payforde brydge 
Itm to AVyllm Smythe for y^ Bekon watche 


I a a • • 

} XXlllJ.^. 






• • • 1 




Itm to y^ seyd Wyllm towarde y^ settyng forthe of y^ 
Soudyours of northelmhm ^ other ^^^^ . 

Sum, liijs. yij(/. 

The suiiies of monye payed {t delyu^ed by me y^ seyd Herry Ruston 
in y« tyme of y^ Campe at Mussolde w* y^ Assent ^ consent of 
the ynhabytance of y^ Townchype of Elmhm, ^ wherfore ^ to 
whom. As heraf? in ther pcells more plynly shall Apere, ^c. 

In p*^imis to John Wryght for to bye w* one ffyrkyng 
of beare, ^ for y^ Gage of y*^ tfyrkyng . 

Itm for ffysshe, xijV/.; for bred, vjV/.; for Musterd, ijV/. ; 
for Garlecke ^ Oynnyngs bought y'^^ ^ the^, iyh . 

Itm to wyllm dycks for hys Cart ^ Horses to Cary w* \ 
vy tails to the seyd Campe . . . . • ) 

Itm delyu^ed to Thorns powle, my ptener y'^", to be "i 
bestowed vpon suche thyngs as y^^ neaded 

Itm delyu^ed to hy^ af? y* to y^ entents aforseyd . 

Itm Alowed to my selffe for my Carte ^ Horses to cary 
w^ vytalls to y^ seyd Campe, ^c. . 

Itm for bred y^^ yjr/.; for iij %rkyngs of here y^", ijs.vjV/. 

Itm for bred af? yS iiijd And delyuPed also to y^ seyd 
Thoiiis powle, my ptener, to y^ entents aforseyd. 



\]s. viijV/. 

• ■ • 


«••• m * » • y 

iiijs. iiija. 


Itm payed to dycks wyff af ? y^ for j fyrck5mg of Alle, 

xd. ; for ffysshe y^°, viijc/. ; for Salt y^°, \yl . 
Itm to Thorns pettus for ij Saulter bokes 

Sum, xxixs. vj(/. 

Itm Alowed to my selffe for my Carte ^ Horses af? y' 
to Carye w* vytalls to y^ seyd Campe, (to. 

vs. iiij^. 




^ j^^. 


iiij(/. X(L ob 

Itm for y^ Repacon of y« Hemes, tjV/. ofe ; for x\.row\ 
Heads, jd.; for bred, tjV/.; for oynyngs, yl.; for 
bredd af? y^ xiiyi. ; for Arowes, iyl. ; for Halters, iiij-s. viij^. 
ijd.; for bredd, iyl.; for ij fyrkyngs of bere, xxd.; ' 
to Thorns Tott for me-^dyg of his bowe ^ stryngs, 
iijd. ob 

Itm for bredd af ? yt, yd. ; to Motts for ij Staues, TJd. ;\ 
for oynyngs, jd. ob ; to pytcher for j staff, iijd.; 
for iiij ifyrkyngs of bere, iij.s. iiijr^.; for butter, jd.;i 
ffor bredd to John Bawett, ijd j 

Sum, xj.s'. \ijd. ob. 

Itm to Herry wakfeld for me^dyng of hys Hemes, j^/.; | 
for bred, yjd.; for bredd afV y\ ijd. / 'j 

Itm Alowed to my selffe for my wags ^ pt of my 
Comons, xxjd.; for j fyrkyng of bere, xd. ; for 
bredd, iiijV/.; for ffyssh, viijV/.; for tack nayles, jd. . 

Itm Alowed to my selffe for my Carte ^ Horses after 
y' to Gary w^ vytalls to y^ seyd Campe, ^c. . 

Itm to Herry Wakfelde ^ Clemct Gnoo for y«- exp^css,^ 
(? of y^^^ horses in norw'^^S when they caryed y° 
Meale ^ Malte, xxd.; for Salt ^ bredd, iiij.A; iov[ 
ffysshe (4 Oynyngs, iijd. And for y'^ brewyng of 
one ffyrkyng of ber, w4n norwyche, jd 

Itm in Expenss at ffackehm for M^ vycar And other 
Co^maded to be before y^ kyngs Co^myssyoners 



iijs. viij^. 

• • • • • • - 

IJS. lllj^. 


rer (72) 



Sum, xs. xijd. 

Itm in Expenss at ffakehm af? y* for Mas? vycare and 
other Commanded to Aper before my lord of 
Canterburyes vysitors, ^c 

ijs. iijd. 




li * 


ijS. YJ(/. 




Itin to wyllm ffyncke j day to helpe to pull down the ) 
Aulter for hys wags ^ Coinons y^ seyd daye . . ) 

Itm Alowed to my selffe for me ^ my ij men one day 
puUyng down y^ seyd Aulters for wags ^ Coiiions . 

I till Alowed to my selffe for ij dayes ^ d. for me (X my 
men takyng down y^ backe of y*^ hye Aulter ^^^^ 
And settyng vp ^ trymyng of yt in y® myds of y*^ 
quier, ^c 

Itm for y^ Tymbre for the seyd Aulter .... 
Itiii for nayles for y'^ seyd Aulter ^ y" Yestrye dore 
Itm to y^™ that toke down y^ Aulter stone . 
Itm for y^ mendyng of A mattocke y* was broke"^ 
Itm to John wodcocke for land fferme in y*^ pasture 
It 111 to Herry Holme for lacs for y^ Saulter boks And i 

y*-' other boks of s^uyce now onlj^e ysed,<'^*) ^c. . ) 
Itm to "VYyllm Tylney for y^' whyghtyng of y^ seyd 

new Aulter ^ y^ mynystryng Table therof 
Itin to "VYyllfii Smyth towards v^ settynof furth ) 

of y^ Sowdyours of Landytcher Hu^dered, (Xc. ) .1 • -J^ • « J • 

Itin leyd ought at Lytchin for M^ yycare ^ other whe*^ 

we wer CoiTianded ther to Apere. And to bryng 

yn idl y^ bokes of y"^ olde s^uyce ^'^^ ^ for y 

wryghtyng of y^ Certyfycat of y*^"', <4c. 

Suih, xxxiiijs. iiijd. 

Itfn rec of Thorns Shetell for londe ferme , 

Wherof was Alowed to hym for Caryeng of yytalls to 

y® Campe at norwyche . , . . . .j^^'^ 
The wholl Sufiie of y*^ Cargs (sic) ^ paymets of i 

y^ seyd Henry Rustri for y« yere y^ is past ) ^^^' ^^^^' ^^^^- ^^^^^ ^^ 

* I imagine that "n " is here equivalent to " nil," meaning that no money entry 
was made. It is not included in the sum total at the foot of the account, which is 
correct without it. — A. G. L. 




my. lyl. 

-« ^ 


churchwardens' accounts 



~ 9 

n p . 



• • • • 


Paymets by the seyd Wyllm ffra^ckelyng, (tc, ut seq. 

In p^imis to Eychard Purdy for Caryeng of Grauell i 

to meud w^ Byllyngforde brydge . . . .] 

Itm to Uyeyn plumers j daye ^ d. for ther wags ^ ) 

Comons the sevd tyme ... | 

Itm payed to them for vij" of Powder .... 

Itin Alowed to my selffe for wood spent y^" 

n. p^ seq. Itm delySed to those of y^ Townchype of Elrnhni y^ ^ 

went ffyrst to y« Campe at Mussholde, that ys to 
seye, to xij of the^, by the Assent and Consent of 
y^ seyd Townchype, besyds other Chargs y"', by^ 
y^ seyd Assent and Consent, As heraf?^ in y" 
seu all pcells, wherfor and to whom they wer 
payed ^ delyu^ed, more playnly shall Aper, ^c. ., 
Itm to y^ wyues of Herry %ld ^ Pobt Clerk y« seyd j 
tyme, pore folcks, y^^ husbonds beyng at y^ Campe ) 
Itm delyu^ed af? yt to s^ten of y« seyd Town goyng toi 
y*' seyd Campe, s. for y^^ Expenss by the waye . ) 
Itm to Eychard Watson ^ hys Compenye af? y* for y 

expenss also, by y'^ waye thyther . 

Itm to Thorns Wakfeld af? y^ toward y^ healyng of hys | 

hand ^ fiace, hurt at y^ ffyrst skyrmyssh, ^c. . j 

Itm payed y^ x^^^ daye of Auguste to suche as shold ^ 

tarye at the seyd Campe for y^'^ wags one weke, | xiiiys. 
that is to seye, to Eyght of y^-, w* y^' Constable . ^ 
Itm for mendyng of Hemes y^'^ \yi.; ^ to one y' 
turned y^ Spets, ijV/. ; for ffysshe, iifjV/.; to Brown, 
}'' la. (? labourer) y" also, iiij^. . . . .) 






* • 7 




Itm to Pobt Clercke then for hys wags one monethe 

beyng y^^' Coke, bes3^ds y® gyfte to hys wyf Afore [ iijs. iiiyl. 
wrytt*^ ........ 

Suiii, xlij-9. \yl. 




Itm delyued to y^™of y^ Campe the xiiij daye of Auguste ) 

aft: y^ for s^ten thyngs to be bought y^^' ^ then . ) 
Itm to Lamberd for byeng of ffysshe & other Chargs 

for hym ^ his horse the Saterday ^ Sonday aft y^ 
Itm delyued to Thorns Powle, one of the Constables ) 

of northelmhm at y^' same tyme, (tc. . . . ) 
Itm payed to viij men y^ xx^^ daye of August aft: y^ 

w*^^ wer Apoynted to tery y*^^', for y^^ wags, aft' iiyl. 

y^ daye 

Itm to vj men y* Came from y*-' Campe then to dryncke ) 

w* homeward by the waye, ^c. . . . . ) 
Itih to y^ Turner of y^ Spets, iyl. And sent to y'-' 

Campe y*^ Twysdaye next aft? y^ by John "Wryght, 

"• « • t • • • • • • 

Itm to Handforthe ^ hys sone for y^ Caryeng of one ) 

barrell of here to y*^ seyd Campe on horse backe . ) 

hue n. Itm delyued to Thorns Tott y^ Saterday befor y'' lastv 

Skyrmysshe for hy^ ^ hys Compenye for to dryncke > 

w^ by the waye, (tc • ) 

Itm to s^ten of y'^ pysshe for y^ takyng down of y^ ) 
bells, xij^^., ^ to Pobt Barthra^ for hys Tacle y^", ijV/. ) 

Itm to Lyngey for mendyng of y^ fence of y^ Chyrch\ 
yerde Ageyst Margarett Peyners Gard^, iyl. And ' 
to Wyllm Smythe towards A falgate in Sellewj 
Lane, xiyl. . . . . . . . J 

Sum, xliijs. x(l. 


«•• m • • -m 

uyi. luyf. 





• • • • J 


xiiij (/. 

xiiij r/. 

.--' ■ 



A Dm. 


[A 5 

Edw. VL] 

The wholl Sume of y^ Eec of y^ seyd Wyllrn ) 

J J J J 1...... . , ^ 

fifra'ckylyiig ys )"'.'''• ^J*" V- 

The Sume of hys Chargs (Z paymEts, As aforseyd, ys iiij//. vJ9. iiijc/. 
xVnd so remayn in hys hands, As ys her leyd downe at x 

his Acompts, all thyngs dyscharged, due to be | ys. iyJ. 

Tokened y^" . . . . . . . / 

The whoU sume of y« rec of y^ seyd Ilerry Rustfi, ys, ix//. xxs. iyL 
The Sume of his Chargs {z paymcts, As aforseyd, ys, v]7/. xixv. viyf. 
And so remayn in his hands. As is her leyd downe at ^ 

his Accompts, all thyngs dyscharged, due to be) h. vyi. oh 

rekened y^° . . . . . . ^ 

And so y*-' (seyd) WylliTi ffrankelyng ^ Ilcrry Huston, And ther 

heyres, be clerly dyscharged for y^^ yere that is paste, (2c. Et sic 

q^eti Slit A° p. 

A« dm looh\ 

W. A Eekenyng mad vpon Tryny te Sondaye af? Euesonge, the j^er of 
o^ Lord M^'ccccc ^ ffyftye (Z one, of Ilerry Rusth ^ Rychard 
ffranckelyng, Chyrchewardens y** yere comyng, ^c. 

In p'^imis delyued to y^™ at y'^ Accompts, tlie yere of (y\^ 
lord god, m'^ccccc ^ ffyftye afore seyd, s. in y^' 
hands of Herry rtustn Aforseyd all the"^ due to be 
payed, s. to Ilerry Wells for y^' Clooke, x\y/.; to 
Tylney for repayng of y^' Olerystoryes, xij(/. And 
so remayn in hys hands ..... 

Itm rec y^" for lond ferme due then ^ before, ix5. yiijV. ;\ 
8. of Edmnde ffletcher, iiijv. ; Wyllm firanckelyng, 
xijf/.; of Xycholas purdye, x\y/.; of Ilerry Rustfi, 
ijs'. iiij(/.; of Rychard Rusth, xijV/.; wherof payed for 
wasshyng of y^ Chyrche gere,xyjV/.; ^ to Tylney for 
ij locks, yiij(/.; to s^ John Eluyche for wryghtyng 
of y*' AccoDipts ^ d} use other thyngs, xijV/. And so 
remayn in hys hands of y' seyd receyts, ut suj), (2c./ 

iij//. xyiij^/. oh 

yj.S'. yiiyi. 

■•:.-.• .-(#• ""'f^ 



llec for 
lond fferme 
in Betele ut 
hie pat. 

Rec yn 
Elmhm for 
land fferme 

Rec for 
land ferme 
in Elmhrn. 

Itih rec of Thoins Marche of Bylneye for land fferme 

longyng to northelmhin 
Itm rec of Robt Rud of Betele for lande ferme 
Itm rec of Wyllm Yarrhm for y*^ To^yn Closse 
Itm rec of Rychard Crow for land fferme 
Itin rec of Ilufjh Peryman for land ferme . 

CD w 

Itm rec of Thoins Lussher for y° Campy ng closse 

Itm rec of Wylliii Rudd for land ferme 

Itm rec of Rycliard Ruston for land fferme . 

Itm rec of Nycholas Purdy for land fferme . 

Itin rec of "Wyllm Egrym for land fferme . 

Itm rec of dyuse other for land ferme lyeng w4n 
Elmhin ^ Betele, s. Thoiiis Clercke, \yL; of John 
Brow meas^, xiyL; of WylhTi Sohiii of Betele, 
ij.s. xiiyL; of Thoiiis Powle, xij(/,; of John Johnson 
of Bresele, xiyL; of Ilerry ffylde, ixr/.; of Wyllm 
Smythe, iiij^/.; of Wylliii Tho'^pson, husbondma, 
xijV/.; of Edward Ilandforde, xd.; of Thoins Shetell, 
xij(7.; of Symond Shetell, xiyl.; of Wjdlin 
ffranckelyng, xiiyl. 

Suiii, yj//. xiij-s. yiij'/ 

i ... 

} XUIS. 

lijs. uiyL 


• • • 


• • • 






... , 



' xij.y. lyL 

Itm rec for y' olde Ault^, y^ Sepulcre, And s^ten other ^ 
olde thyngs Afor Acustomed to be occupyed in > 
the Chyrche, in y^ tyme of y^ s^'uys then . . ^ 
Receyts for Itm rec of R3xhard Pytcher for land ferme, xd.\ of 

Herry Wakfelde, yjs.; of Edmiide ffletcher, iiij§.; 
of Rychard Ruston x\]d.; of Ry. ffrankelyng, 
ijs. vjV. ; of Herry Ruston, iiijs. \yl 

Itm rec of John Wryght for s^ten olde yron 

land ferme 
in Elmhm 

Viij.'. \]d. 








62 churchwardens' accounts 

Itm rec of dyks wyfe for An olde baner clothe '. . \j(L 

Sum, xxix-s. \jd. 

Itm rec of Eychard ffranckelyng (z Hugh Peryma for) 

ij small ooks ^ y^' Topps of them . . . . j ^^^ ^"J^^' 

Sum Total pcedens, viijV/. \s. xd. ob. 

Rent of the town londs. 

Paymcts by the seyd Henry Ruston 
^ Rychard ffrakelyng — 
In p'-^imls payed to Robt Lussher towards y^ mendyng of 

y'^ falgate in Westfelde, ^c 

Itm to M^ Quayts for hys hayer y^' wy'^ we had [at] y^ 

Campe ^ was loste ther, ^c 

Itm to John AYryght for worke of his occupacon At i 

the ynstance of Good man ffrakelyng, ^c. . .} 
Itm for A payer of Stocks ("^^^ to punysshe w* 

tra'^sgressours Ageynste y^ Kyngs Maiesties 

Lawes, (tc 

Itin to y^ Lords Colour for y^' leate fee of Elmhm . xxiiijs. 

Itm to Bf for y^ Rent of y'^^ Town Lands y" . vijs. ijj^. yj^/ 

Itm to y^ balye for Rent of y"" lands in Betele . . Ys.—ijs. \yj. 
Itm to James Lynne of jN'orwyche for a Copper 

Sthetell, A Spete, ^ A Payle loste at y^ Campe 
Itm to Robt Peper for Rent of s^ten lands lyeno" w^^in 

Ehnhm, ^c, ^ pave Rente to y^' Chapell of y*^ 


Itm to Wyllm ffyncke for mendyng of y^' glasse wyndow^ ) 

of y« Chyrche dore on y« south syde . . J 

• • • • J 

11} 8. myi. 

11J9. 111J(/. 





Itm to hy^ for fyllyng of s^ten holes in y*^ walls of the i 

Chansell, ^c.^'^^^ j 

Itm to my Lady Hastynga balye for Rent . 

Suin, iij7L vs. ix(/. ob. 

Itm in Expenss at Walsynghm whan we wer Commanded 

to Apere before the bysshops Yysytours, ^ for o^ 

Certyfycat y^^' ...... . 

Itin for y^ setyng of A longe forme ^^^^ stondyng in y^ 

chansell for to syt vpon in y^' tyme of y^ Co^munyo 
Itin to Symond Blomefelde for one lood of w^odd for 

Mother Sand^, YJd., ^ to Egrym for y^ Caryeng 

y^^of, iajd. . 
Itm for y^ Mynystryng Table in the Quyere, (4c. . 
Itiii for A falgat at y^ northe pt of y^ gret hethe, ^ for ) 

A Stulppe '^^^^ therto, ^ y^ Caryeng of them . . I 
Itiii for Hoks And Verdells ^^^^ for y^ seyd Gate . 
Itm to John wodcoke for s^ten lands heyred of hym ^ 

lyeng in y^ pastur^ of y° northe fylde, ^c. 
Itm for y® Carpet Cloth y^ lyeth vpon y^ Mynystryng 

xaoie .....I... 
Itm to Rychard Tylney for Castyng ^ whyghtyng y^ 

wall wher y^ Hey Ault^ was before, ^c. . 

Sum, XXX vs. 




injs. viija. 

« • • • • • J 

ij.s. in]d. 

xixs. \yL 


• • • • / 

iij.s\ viijV/. 

Itm to Wyllih Tylneye for hys yerly &ee for reparyng ) 
of y^ Clerystoryes of y^ Chyrche . . . . ) 

Itm to Herry Wells for his fee to tend y^ Clooke . 

Itin to powls wyffe for wasshyng of y^ Chyrche Gere) .. 

^ makyng y^ Syrples, iiij<^ ( J • ^ ^J 

Sum Total p^cedens, yU, iiijs. jd. ob. 


— ' '..,^,. ^ •'- 



A Dm. 


[A 6 


yH. iiijs. yl. ob 
iij li. xxjff. 

The whoU sume of y^ Re of y^ seyd Herry Rustfi 

(4 Rychard ifranckelyng for the yerejviij/?. vs. xcL ob 

AfForseyd, ys 
The wholl sume of y^'" Chargs y^ seyd yere, ys 
And so remayn in ther hands, As her ys layde 

down at y*"^ Accompts, All thyngs dyscharged 

due then to be rekened ^ payed . 
And so y*' seyd Herry Rustn ^ Rychard ffranckelyng ^ y" heyres be 

clerly dyscharged for thys yere paste. Et sic q^eti snt A" p. 

A° dm. 1552. 

M*^. A Rekenyng made vpon Trynyte Sondaye aft Eue^songe, the 

yere of o'" lord god m^^ccccc lij'^ of Rychard ffra'ckelyng ^ Edmhd 

ffletcher, Chyrche Wardens thys yere comyng. 
In p^imis delyued to y*'™ at y^ Accompts the yere , 

of o^ Lord M^*ccccc fyfty (Z one Aforseyd, All | iij//. xxff. 

thyngs due to be payed then . . • ' 

Itm they rec y^° of John Pers for y^' legacye of ) ...,. . ... 

^ , , -^ 1 , n- .1 }ii]ii. VIS. vine/. 

Rychard Pers, late hys ffather . . i J J J 

iijli. vjs. 
bum, vj/i. viijs. Ill] a. 

Receyts for It. 
ferme londe 
in Beteley ^ 
fi Elraham. 




Rec for It. 
ferme londe Ji 
in elmharae -r. 

rec of Thomas Marche of bylney for londe ferme 
longyne to Elmham ...... 

rec of Robert Rudde for londe ferme 
rec of Rychard Crowe for londe ferme . 
rec of Hugh Perymane for lande ferme . 
rec of Thomas Lusshe*^ for y^ campynge closse 
rec of Wylhn Rudde for ferme lande 
rec of Rycharde Rustone for ferme londe 
rec of Nycholas Purdy for ferme lande . 

XllJS. lllj«. 


iijs. iiijc/. 

••• •••• * 

IIJS. 111J(/. 






It. rec of Wyllm Egryme for ferme lande . . . viijr/. 

It. rec of othe*^ diue'^sse for lande ferme lyyng w^in 

Elmham ^ Betele, s. Thomas clercke, vjc/.; of John 

Browne Meas*^, xij(/.; of Thomas Chome of Beteley, 

ijs. viijf/.; of Thomas Powle, xijV/. ; of John John- 

sone of Beteley, xijV/. ; of Henrye fylde, ixd. ; of 

Wyllm Smythe, iiijd ; of Wyllm Tompsone, 

Husbonde man, xiyl. 

Sum, xlijs. iiy.i. 

It. of Edwarde Hanforde, xd.; of Thomas Shettell, xijV.; 
of Symone Shettell, xiyL; of "Wyllm franckelyng, 
Rec for It. rec of Rychard Pytchar for lande ferme, xd.; of 

Henry Wakefelde, vjs. ; of Edmunde Fletche^, 
iiijs.; of Rycharde Rustone, xyyL; of Rychard 
francklynge, ijs. \yi.; of Henry Rustone, iiij«. xyl. 

Sum, xxiijs. 

fi. Sum Total p^ced, Rec, ixli. xiijs. vij^/. 

The sume of the lossc of y^' Rec Aforseyd by the fialls of y'^ monye^^^^ 
y^ yere ys Is. xyL And so remayn in y^' Chyrchewardens hands 
w^ y^^ Allowance of y*-' payments y^ folowe dew to be rekened 
for, but iij/i. xijs. As foUowethe At y^^ end of y^^^ Accompts, Hoc 
sig. 4-j ^c. 

Payments by y"^ seyde Rycharde franckelynge ^ Edmund Fletcher y^' 

yeare of o^ lord god M^'ccccciij^'. 
It. payde to y^ Chappell at y^ Becke .... vjs. 
It. p^ to John Lambert for paylyng in y^ chyrch yearde ) 

of y® northe pte ) J" J^- 


land ierme 
m Elmham 

_ J 




It. to Robert LussHer for fersyng at y^ hetlie . . xiijr/. 

It. to Henry Wells for feyyng of y^ gratte . . . ij*:^. 

It. for ij chalder of lyme xs. viij^/. 

Sum, xxjs. i^d. 

It. for y^ emendyng of y° dreyne at thornwell 
It. to Henry Eustone for emendyng of a faldgaate at 
the hetlie ........ 

Edmunde Fletcher begynethe here. 

Kedd^ solu? It. for lete fee 

Elmham. It. for Rente of y^ Towne lande .... 

Beteley. It- for y^ Rente of y^ lands in beteley . 

It. p^ to AYyllm Purdy for y"^ chyrchgaat makyng 
It. p'^ Rente to my lady Hastyngs 
It. to Johne Wryghte for hooks ^ bangles for y*^ gatte 
It. to y'' same John for a plaate for a stoole in y^ chyrche 
It. to John Lamberd for mendyng of y^ Rayles by sor 
(? Sir) Thomas Stephesone doore . . . • 
It. to John Browne for castynge y*-" lyme in to y^' porche 
It. to Robert Clercke for castynge of v loode sonde 
It. Wyllm hers ^ Robert Clercke for qwenchynge of the 

It, to Symone dymunde for caryynge of ij chaulder of 

It. to Wyllm Egrym for v loode of sonde 









• • • • -m 




■ • • • J 



Sum, Suma to^^' p^dict exspes^. 

xlix.s. vj(/ j^^ ^j^^^^^ gj^jj^g ^£ ^,e i^e2 of y« seyd Rychard 

Francklyng ^ Edmiide fletche^ for yeare 


ixii. xiijs. \ijd. 



n. p 


iij/?. xs. viijf/. 
1«. xjc/. 

ii jli. xijs. 


The wholle sume of y^' charges y^ seyde yeare . 
The sume of y^ lose of y^ Rec aforseyd by the 

falls of y'' monye y* yere is . . . 
And so Remayne in y^^ hands as her is layde 

downe at ther accownts all thyngs dys 

charged ^ due y*^" to be reckoned and 

payed ys but ..... 
And so y^ seyd Rychard Francklynge ^ Edmunde Fletcher ^ y 

heyers be clerly dyscharged for y^ yer past. 

^ £)jj^ A^ dm. 1553. 

1553. M^. A Rekenyng made vpon y^' feast of y*-' Natyuyte of Seaynt John 
[A 7' Edw. Baptyste y^ yeare of o'^ lord god M^cccccliij^^ of Edmunde 

VI. & I'' fletcher ^ Wyllm Tompsone, Chyrche Wardens thys yere. 

Mary] In p^imis delyuered to y«"^ at y^ accompts y^' yere of o'^ . 
N- P'- lord M^'ccccclij^^ afor wrytten, all thyngs due the*^ iij7/. xijs. 

to be payed . . . . . • • -^ 

And so eyche of y^"' rec xxxvjs. 

Sum, iij//. xijs. 


Rec for lande fFerme longyng to y^' Townchype of Northelmhm, ^c, 
lyeng w4n y'^ Town ^ fyldes ther And Betelee, ut in pcells seq. 

In p^imis of Thorns Lussher for y^ Campyng closse . iijs. iiijf/. 

Itm of Thorns Marche for londe fferme, xiijs. iiijt/.; of 
Robt Rudd, xs.; of Rychard Crowe, iijs. iiiyL; of 
Wyllm Shorn, ijs. viijd ; of Wyllm Thompson, 
xiyL; of Wyllm Rudd, xijd.; of Edward Hand- 
f orde, xd. ; of Thorns Powell, xijd. ; of Nycholas 
Rurdye, xd.; of Wyit ffra*^ckelyng, xiiyd.; of Wyllm 
Egrym, viij^/.; of John Johnson, xijf/. . 

Sum, xxxixs. xyl. 

Sxxxvjb. \ijd. 



Vxxvijs. iijV. 

Itm of Wyllin Smythe, iiijcL; of Ilerrj^ fFylde, ixcl; of\ 
John Brown meas^, xijr/.; of Rycliard Pytcher, 
X(L; of Eychard Ruston, yiij,/.; of Symon Slietell 
for y^' Town Closse, xx-s., ^ for lande fferme, xxd.; 
of Thorns Shetell, xiyl.; of Hugh Peryma'^ for 
A busshye pytell, xiyl 

bum, XXVlj.5. llj^. 

h. Sum Total p^dict Recept^. 

A° dm. p'^dict. 
PaymCts by the seyd Edmnde ffletcher And Wyllm Thompson, {zc, 
ut secj. 

In p^imis gyfne towards of y^' Repacon of Wyssyngsett > 

Chyrche w*^^ pysshed thorow y*-' ffall of y^ pynacle, ! vs. 


Itm to Wyllm ffyncke for sowdyng of y^' sowthe Eale 

of ye Chyrche, ^c, s. for his labour, comons, /z 

Metall . 

Itm to Herry Swanton s^uying hym then, that is to ( 
seye, for hys Comons ^ wags, the seyd tyme, ^c. .) 

Itm to Robt Clercke for his Comons ^ wags, dygyng> 
down of y^' olde wall (§2) of y^' northe syde of y^' 
Chyrche wher y« new pales now stondyth, iij f xvnj^/. 

tiayes, ^c 

Itfh to Wyllm ffyncke (Z fiather Heere for ther Comons 

(2 wags in mendyng of y^' Chyrche wall agey'^st J xiij^/. 


Itm to Lamberd for mendyng of y*^ Steple wyndowes ^ 
makyng of y^ Chyrche Gat at j' northe Style, 
xluyl And vnto Ry. Purdye for hangells ^ nayls ^ ^^'^- ^^'^' 
for y^ sayd gate, xiyl 


ij.s. xjV. 




Itm for o'* Costes ^ s^ten other of y^ moste Awncyentv 
men of y^' Town Coinanded to Aper ^ bryng An 
Inuentarye of y*^ Chyrche Goods (^^^ before y^ 
Kynges Mayesties Corny ssy oners at Walsynghin, 

I vijs. iiij^/. 


Itm to Anderson for his Comons ^ wags in grauyg of v 
filaggs for y'" Chyrche walls, ijs. xcL; ^ to Thorns | 
Clercke ^ Herry ffyld for lay en g of y*-' sayd Iflaggs, j ^ 
v'iijr/., ijc. ......../ 

Sum, xxviij-s. \yl. ^ xiyl. u. p (ut patet). 


Itm to A Mason xj*^ dayes for mendyng of y*" Chyrche 
walls, s. for his wags y^ sayd tyme, iiijs. vijr/.; ^ 
to Wyllm ffra^ckelyng for hys Comons the seyd 
tyme, iiijs. iiijd. . 

Itm to Lyngey ^ Swanton for y" Comons ^ wages in 
s^uyng of hym the seyd tyme .... 

Itm to Wyllm ffranckelyng for hys paynes ^ Costs inx 
Rydyng to Walsynghm of y*^ Townes busynes 
when we wer Co'^maded to Aper befor y^ seyd 
Commyssyoners ....... 

Itm to Wylliii Purdy for palyng of pte of the Chyrche 
yard, s. of y^ northe syde y^'^of, viij.s. iiijV. And 
for nayles for y^' seyde pales, ^c, xiiijV/. 

Itm payed for y^ booke of y*^ new s^uys ^^^^ w*^ y*^ Costs ) 
^ Chargs of hym y* bought yt, ^c. . . . ) 

Itin to Wyllm Purdy for boords for y'^ Mynystryn 
Table, ijs.; ^ ffor Sooles for the sayd Table, xxjcl 

Itfh for breadd ^ wyne to Celebrate w^ bought at dy'use ) 
tymes for y^ Communycants yer, go. . . . ) 

G 2 


viijx. xyl. 

YS. VJc/. 






11] 5. ixa. 




Redd^ sof 

Itfh to Herry flPylde for makyng of A dytche vnder y« | 
Chyrche wall, s. At y^ Easte Style y"', (jc. . . ) 

Sum, xxxviij.s. \jd. ^ ij.s. u p^ (ut patet.) 

Itm to a Smythe for new Alteryng ^ trymyng of y^ 

Clocke, vij.s.; To Eychard ffranckelyng for his 

Comons, ijs. ; ^ ffor wyer for the seyd Clocke, ixr/. 

Itm payed to y^ Constables of Gressenhale for the Taxe 

of y^ Town lands of Elmhm, iiijcL And to y^' Con- 

^ tables of Betele for y^ Taxe of y« sayd landes, vs. . 

Itm to Thorns Shetell for carryeng of fflaggs for y^ 

couyng of y^' Chyrche walls aforseyd, ^c. 
Itm to Robt Bartrhm for mendyng y<= gret bell 


Itm to Thorns AVakefelde for a hok for a ffalgate . 
Itm to y^ Balye of y^ maS for y^' Eente of the Town ) 
lands of Elmhm lyeng w4n Betele . . I 

Itm to y^ Colour of y*-' lord of y^ sayd maS for the ) 

Rente of y^^ sayd lands lyeng w^in Elmhni, (zc. . | ^'^^^ 

Itm for y^ leate ifee for y^ seyd Townchype, (zc. . . xxiiijs, 

Itm to my Lady Hastyngs Balye for y^ Rente of the , 

sayd lands, xjcL ; ^ for Rent payed to y^ Chapell of ' 

Becke, yjs 

Itm to Thorns Wakefelde for a hooke, A verdwell, And ) 
for yron for y^ gret Bell wheale, ^c. . .' J 

Itm for o^ Costs (Z other Comanded to bryng y« ChyrcheN 
Goods w^ y^"- Inue^tarye of y« same/^^) jy^n^ ^ J 
payer of chalyce onlye excepted, before y ^ Kyngs L 
Mayesties Co-^myssioners at Lenne y'^ xiij^ii day of 
June, in y^ yij^i^ yere of hys gracs Reygn, ^^c. 

Sum, iij//. y.s. xjd. ot> 


ixs. ixd. 

• • • • J 

\s. my/. 


[no entry.] 


vi'5. vjd. 

Yd. ob 



YJli. xixs. ijf/. 

vj7i. xys. vjc/. ob 

iijs. yij(7. ob 
ut seq 


A Dm. 

[A^ 4^ Ph. 


Two years, 
sc. 1554 & 
1555, are 
here passed 
over in the 

The wholl sume of y^ Rec of y^ seyd Edmnde 

ffletcher And Wyllm Tompson ffor the yere 

Aforseyd, ys . 
The whole sume of ther Chargs y^ sayd yere, ys . 

And so remayn in y^^ hands as ys heare layde 
down at ther Accompts All thyngs dyscharged 

And dewe then to be rekened and payed, ^c. 
And so the seyd Edmfide ffletcher <* Wyllm Thompson ^ y'-^ 
heyres be clerly dyscharged for thys yere paste. Et sic quieti 

sfit Anno p^dicto. 

Ao dm, 1556.(86) 

M"^. A Rekenyng made ypon Trynytie Sondaye, the yere of o^ Lorde 

god M ccccc Ivj of ISTycholas Purdy (Z W™ Rudde, Chyrche- 

wardens, the yere be fore the deate hereof, of all ther Rec^-' (z 

Paymets, as here aft^ folueth. 
In p' ms delyu ed to y^'™ at ther Accopts the j^ere of o'* 

Lorde god M ccccc Iv ..... . 

Itm Rec by them for londeferme inp^ms of Thomas \ 
Marche, xiijs. iujd. ; of Ry chard Crowe, 
iijs. iiijV/. ; Robart Rudde, xs. ; W^ some, 
ijs. viij^/.; Symone Shetyll for the towe closse (t 
lends in the felde, xxis. yiijV.; Thomas Lussher for 
the Capyge Closse, iijs. iiijc?. ; TV" Thomson, 
xijV/.; W™ Rudde, x^.; Edward hanforthe, xd.; 
Thomas Powle, xijd.; Rychard Ruston, xijr/. ; 
Kycholas Purdy, xd.; W"" franckelynge, xiiyl.; "W™ 
Bacche, xij^?.; TV™ Egrym, Yiijd.; Thomas Clarke, 
yjc/. ; John Johnsn, xiyl. ; W^ Smj^the, iiijr/. ; 
Harry Ruston, ijs. ; Harry ffylde, ixd. ; John 
Broue mers^, xijd. ; Rychard Pycher, xd. ; John 

Garret, ijf/. . 

Sm tota^, iiij//. xixs. ijf/. Whareof 




ii] it. ixs.ijd. 



churchwardens' accounts. 

redd solut^. 

Inp^imis p*^ to thomas Powle for wasshynge of the 
Chyrche Clothes, xijV^.; to John Browe for wrytynge 
of a booke, ijV/.; To the Plumer for Sowde ^ lede, 
vs. xc/.; To dyxe for his borde, thre dayes, x\d.; 
"\Ym Browe for s^uynge the Plomer, xxjV/. ; To home 
for wrytynge the Eenttall in parchmet, ijd. ; Itm 
p'^ for wrytynge of the taske^^^^ booke, iiijV/.; To 
fyncke for settynge in the pully ou the foufite, 
viijf/.; To harry Ruston for the pece of tymbe^, jd.; 
for the Chyrchereues ^ the queste menes ^^^^ Costs 
whan they wer before the Vysetors at TValssyng- 
hfhe, xxd.; for mendynge of the Voyle, yjd.; payde 
for A lyne for the funte, iijV/. ; To Annys 
gryme ^ to a pore Woman, \d.', to the bell fouder, 
xixd.; To Robart Clarke for gatherynge ^ Caryenge 
of Stone in to the hey waye, xxd. ; p^ for the 
quest mtis Costes at Lychehiii, xxd.; to Symon 
Shytyll ^ Thomas Lussher for ther Cost at 
Lychehfh whan they wer quest men, xd. ; for 
ellmhm taske, vjs. iiijc/.; p'^ for beteley taske, vs.; 
gressnall, iyL; p*^ to W™ Rudde for fecheynge of 
a booke from foxley, ijV.; p'' for leyt fifee, xxiiij-s.; 
p-^ for beteley Rent, vs.; p^ for the Rent of the 
Chappell of becke, vjs.; p^ for Ellmhm Rent, vij-s.; 
p'^ to hanf ors Wyffe for mendynge of the Shyrplys, 
iijc/.; to John Broue mes^ for lynyng Clothe, ijd. ofe; 
To \V°^ Rudde for Carynge y^ englyshe books^^Q) to 
Norwyche, vjf/. ; to Powle for wasshynge of the 
Chyrche Clothes, xijd. 

PaymEts Sm tota^, iij7/. xvs. Yd. ofe. 


A^ Dm * "^ Reckeninge or Accompte made by Rychard ffrankelinge (t 
1557 to 1560. Symon Shetyll, churchwardens ther, y^ sv^^ day of Aprell, 

i A"5"6°Ph.&MaPy Anno Regni Elizabeth, Anglie Regine Tercio (A.D. 1560), for 
& A' 1 2" 3'' Eliz.] fiYe hole yeres then ended. 

Arrerages. They receyued none. 

Recepts. I^ec by them to th'use of y^ Towne, as it doth pticlerlye appere by 

ther Rentals. 
Payments. Itm paied by them as it doth pticlerly appere by ther bill of 

necessarye charges redd and examyned. 

Rychard ffranckelinge . . xiiyl. 

So ther is in surplusage to them xxx6'. iij^/. 

NoPthelmhm. A Remembruns of an accompte to be made (by) Wyllm Batche, one 

A Dm. 1561. 
[A^ 4° Eliz.] 


of the Chyrche Wardens of the towne aforeseid, of ^ vppon all 
londs fearme} and other suihes of money by hym from the 
feast of Pentycost A*^ iij*^^° drie Regine nuc vntyll the last daye 
of maye A° iiij° (1561) dne Regine p^dce. 

Inp^mis the seid Willfh dothe charge hym selff to have 
rec of Thorns ffrankelyn for londe fearme 

Itin of John Pere} for londe fearme 

Itm of Edward hanford 

Itm of John Pere) 

Itm of Thorns ffrankelyn 

Itm of Stephen Purdy . 

Itm of Symond Blomefeyld 

Itm of Robt Lussher . 

Itm of Stephen Purdye 

Itm of Wyllm Smythe 

Itm of Rychard Purdy 













churchwardens' accounts 

Itm of Ptobt Barslim . 
Itfh of Willm Skypper 

um, xxij.s. iiija, 

Itm of Symon Shyttill . ' 
Itm of Robt Lussher . 
Itm of James Taverner ^^o) 
Itm of John Browne . 
Itm of Robt Rudde 
Itm of Wyllm Batche . 
Itm of Thorns Some 
Itm of Ey chard Crowe 



• • • « -J 



• * • 7 






• • • 

• « • • J 




• • • 



Sm, xxvs. vijc/. 
Sm tottis, xlvijs. xjV/. 

Itm rec for 
a towue 
Close ly- 
inge in be- 
teh'e, then 
by Simon 


Itni the seid accomptant dothe further Charge hym x 
selff with xLs. by hym rec of Henry Heyward for 
the Income of a leasse by hym latelie taken of g 
by the consent of the hole towneshipp aforeseid of 
the towne Clos lyeng in Betelev to hym leaton for 
the t^me of x yeres 

Sm tottis rec, v/i. vijs. xjV. wherof 
the seid Wyllfii dothe aske alio wans as followethe, yz. — 
In p'^imis layde out att Walsinghm att the vysytacon . ij.s'. xj(/. ob 
I tin for a Chalder of lyme vs. 

Sm, yijs. xjV. ob. 

Itm to Martons for yj lods of stone Caryeng from the \ 
tower (91) . " ( 




... . 


Itin for dyggyng of the seid stone .... 
Itin to iij masons for iiij daye} Works for their Wags j 

(z. Bourde . . ) 

Itm for nayles, \d.\ a quarte of Wyne, yj(/. . 

Itin to M'^ Coke for Councell ^^^^ for makyng of our) 

Wrytings ) 

Itm for Lete ffee xxiiijs 

red^ solut. Itin to the Balyff of Elmehin for rent due att Miche} ) 

lasu . . . . . . . • % J 

Itm to the Baylyflf of Beteley for rent due att the seid ) 
feast . . . . . . . . . ) 

Itfh to M^ Cur son for rent then due for the hole yere . 
Itm for the sute ffyne of the lends in Beteley (t Elmehm 
Itin for one Pottell of Wyne bought att Creistemas last 

Itm to the pson of Beteley for the But tails makyng of 
our lends in Beteley 

Sum, Ixy-s. \\d. 

Itfh for our Chargs att the Chapettle Court att Lytchfh 
Itm to Thofhs Stefenson for the Kepyn of ffylds sonn ) 
by the agrement of the towne . . . • ( 

Itfh to Henry Wakefeyld for takyng dow^ne of the rode ) 
lofte^93) j 

Itfh to Henry Beu^ley for one daye} Worke 

Itfh for the x Cofhandyments ^^^^ 

Itm for one Pottell of Wyne on Mandy thrysdaye 

Itfh for Breadd ageinst Ester .... 

Itfh to the Pryours baylyff for rent 

Itfii to the house of Carbroke for rent for iij yere} 


111] a. 




.... , 


.... , 









I fi 


churchwardens' accounts 

redd^ solut. Itm for the halif yere} rent of our londs in Beteley (z 

Elmelim due att o'" Ladle laste . . . • 
Itm for the bysshopps iniounccions ^^^^ .... 

Itm for a Pottell of Wyne 

Sfh, \ii ixs. ' Sm, xxxvjs. jd. 

Sm alloc^, cixs. vd. oh And so. 



\d. oh. 



A Dm. Keceived bve me, "VVyllm Bache, churchcwardcn of the town of 
1662. northelmhm, these somes of monye here aft^ folowinge — 


Anno R. Es. E. v^ 
In p'^imis Received for Rents ^ fearmes . . . h. i'njd. 

Itm for the fearme of the town close . . . xxxiij.v. iiij^/. 

Laid oute to the vse of the town of northehuhm aforesaid in the 
yeare aforesaid by me wyUm baehc as here foloweth — 
In p^mis for a pottell of malmesaye ageinste whitson- 

I tin to John brown for Leate fee ..... 

Itm for the town Londs in elmhm ^ beteley . 

Itm for the suite f vne of the town Londs ^^^^ 

Itm to the p'^ours balye ...... 

Itm to M^ cursons balye ...... 

Itm to m"" bar ward for ij yeares Rents .... 

Itm for a new^e saulter ^^^^ ...... 

Itih to Wyllm Laws one daye ofravin^xc of flafrsres for 
the churche walks ...... 

Itm to Wyllm Laws ^ And'^son one daye gravinge of 

Itm at the sperytuall courte at Lychfh the puttinge in ) 
of the copies of the Regist^ booke ^ other chargs . ) 
Itm for halfe a white Lether hide for the bell clappers . 






Itm for Layenge yp of the flaggs ypon the churche 
wail ....••••• 

Itm for wyne ageinste chrystemes .... 

Itm one pinte of wyne ageinste cadlemes 

Itm for halfe an hundred nailes and the makynge of ) 
the churche gate . . . . . . . ) 

Itm one gallon ^ a pinte of malmeseye ageinste Easter 
reddt^ sol Itih for the Rente of the town Londs of elmhm {Z 

A Dm. 
[A 6 

beteleye at the xVnnuncyacon of o'' Ladie 




• • • • y 


• • • • • ^ 


Sm, Iv-s. yd. 


A° R. Rs. E. yj". 

Rec in Rentes ^ Fearmes ...... h. iiij'7. 

Itm for the town close one halfe yeare .... xxxiij.^. iu]d. 

buma, my I. iijs. vuja. 

Laid oute of the same as foloweth — 
In p^'^mis to the plom'^ ^ his manne, ^ for Sow^de and | 

nayles, (X for wode ) ' ^"^^ ' 

Itih for a pinte of wyne ageinste whitsondaye 

Itih at swaffhm before the quiens collecto^ for the town ) 

Londs .........) 

Itih at the spirituall courte at Lichm . 
Itih for the Leete fee . 

Itih for the to\yn Londs in Elmhih (z, beteleye 
Itih for the suite fyne ..... 

Itih to the p^oures balye .... 

Itih to M*" cursons balye .... 

Itrh to M'" harward 

Itm for the taske of the town Londs in beteleye , . vs. 


iiijs'. \nyd. 




• • • • -m 


i '1 


churchwardens' accounts 


Itm to ij menne one daye fellynge ^ Breakinge of 
tymber for pales for the Churcheyard 

Itm for Carienge of the said tymber .... 

Itm to wiUm fyncke for glasinge of the chappell 1 
wyndowe ; for wode j 

Itm for a piute of wyne ageinste hallowmes . 

Itm for the newe homelve booke'^^) 

*/ • • • • 

Itm to beu-^leye one daye mendinge the pavement in i 

the churche . . ( 

• • • • • • I 

Itm to the plom for one daies \yorke .... 
Itm for a pinte of wyne ageinst cadlemes . 
Itm to willfh fincke for glasinge and mendinge the, 
windows about the churche 

Itm for wode 

• •••., 

Itm one gallon ^ a pottell of wyne ageinst East^ . 

Itm for breade for the comunion 

Redd* so?. Itm for the halfe yeares Eente of the town Lends in 

elmhm ^ beteleye . 


• • • • y 



... . 




._m, 111]//. xvj.s. luyL 


A Dm. A« E. Es. E. vij«. 

1564. Rec for Rents a fearmes 

>*- • • • • 

[A 7 Eliz.] (J for the towne close in Beateleye .... 

Laid oute as foloweth — 
In pimis a pinte of Wine ageinst hallowe thursdaye 
Itm at swaffhm before quiens collecto^ for the town 


Itm to M'" yelvertons clerke for makinge of the 

pasporte for the child to go to Windhfh 
Itm for nourcenge the same childe .... 

Is. iiijVA 
xxxiijv. iiijV. 



.... . 

Ill] '7. 
UJS. llljr/. 





to thorns franckelin ^ Robt bashm ^ mgarete heare 
for carienge the said child to windhm . 
for the taske of the town Londs to gresnhall 
a pinte of wine ageinst mchelmes . 
for the Leete fee of the town Londs 
for the Rente of the town Londs in Elmhm ^ 
beteleye ....... 


for mcyment of the town Londs . 

to the pours balye ...... 

to M^ cursons halje ..... 

to wyllin fincke for xxxij^^ quarrells of glasse ^ 
seven pounds of Leadd ^ one pounde of sowde 
for woode ....... 

to Edward hanforth for Ryvinge of pales 
to ij menne one daye for palinge of the churche 
\ arci .(.(•t.. 
one gallon ^ a pottell of wyne ageist est^ 
Redd^ Itm for the Rente of the town Londs in Elmhm ^ 
beteleye ........ 

m, iij/L ijs. 













• • « « f 







A Dm. Anno R. Rs. E. viij^ 

1565. Rec in Rents ^ fearmes . . ... 
[A"8'Eliz.] ^ for the towne close in Beetleye . 

Is'. iiijt/. 
. xxxiijs. iiijV/. 

Laid oute as foloweth — 
In p^mis to Ruston for a paier of shoes for cavstons ) 
Davghter . . . . . . . .) 

Itm for comunion breade ...... 

Itm at the spirytuall courte at Lychiii .... 

Itm for wyne betwixte es? ^ midsorii one quarte of wyne . 


• • « • J 


• • • • J 





Itfh for ij hookes for the heith gate .... xd. 

Itm for the Leete fee of the town Londs . . . xxiiij.9. 
Itfh for the Beute of the town Londs in Elmhm ^ 1 

beteleye .... I ^J'^- 

Itfh for suite fyne 
Itm to the p-^ours balye 
Itm to M^ cleares halve 
Itm to M** harward for ij yeares 
Itm at the spiritual! courte at Lvchfh 

Itm to willm Laws for scourriiige of a Dike at thorne 


• • • . • 

Itm for nailes for the town stockes (z wedges for the bell \ 
gudgions I 

Itm for a pinte of wine ageinste cadleraes 

Itfh for halfe a white Lether hide for the bell clappers ij.s. 

Itm to John Curtes one daye makinge the bell bawd- i 
rickes . . ! 

ItfTi for thre pottells of malmesayc ageinst Easter 
Itm for the Eente of the town Londs in Elmhfn ^ 

Sufh, liij.s. iiyi. 








^ _^^- Anno R. Rs. E. ix°. 

1566 Rec in Rents ^ fearmes 
[A 9 EIiz ] 3 for the towne close in Beetleye .... 

Laid oute as foloweth — 
In p mis to willfh walden for odo daye gravino-e of 

Itm for the firste tome of homelies (z the quiens Iniunc- 



.... , 







Itfh p*^ to m^ ducket for cofhunyon bread ^ a boxe . xiiijd. 

Itfh for mendinge the clocke to m^' ducket . . . xfl?. 

Itfh to the plon] ^ hs manne for their wags ^ borde \ 

thre dales . . . . . . • • * 

Itfh for iiij pounds sowde (2 halfe an hundred Leadd 

nayles ......... 

Itfh for woode ........ 

Itiii to willfh fj-ncke for xxxij^^ quarrells of glasse . ijs. viijc/. 

Itfh for iiij pounds ^ an halfe of Leadd . . . xiij^. 

Itfh for halfe a pound of sowd ^ ij fote ^ an halfe of ^ 

newe glasse . | xxijd. 

Itfii for woode . . . . . . . .' 

Itfh a pinte of Wine ageinst mihelmes . . . . uj^^- 

Itfh to John brown for the Leete fee .... xxiiijs. 

Itfh for the Rente of the town Londs in Elmhfh ^ 

beteleye ........ 

Itfh for mcvamet of the butts ..... 

Itm for office Lond of the terite fost^^^^-* 

Itfii to the p oures balye ...... 

Itfh to m^' straunges ^^°^^ balye for Rente ^ suite fyne . 
Itfii to m^' cleares balye for Rente ..... 

Itfh to s^ John franckelin, clerke, -^^^^^ for mendinge | 

billingforth Bridge . . . . . . ) 

Itfh to tliofhs franckelin for the clarke of the mket for 

ij yeares 

Itfh for one pottell of nialmcscye ^ iij qrts of Redd j 

wine ageinste est^ ^ comunion breade . . • j 

Itfii for the Rente of the town Londs in Elmhm ^ ) 

beteleye . . . . . . . . j 

Itfh to willni Laws (t willfh walden for mendinge 

the Ryver at Kings mille 


yj.b\ yiijr/. 







churchwardens' accounts 

Itm at the vysytacon for cten bookes ^ other chargs . t». 

Ttm for a pinte of malmeseye ageinste whitsondaye ) 

Last j "J<'- 

Itffa for puttinge in the copie of the Regis? . . . iiij(/. 

um, iiyi. xixs. ja. 

A« R Es. E. x^ 

A^ Dm. 

loo/. j^g- |j^ Eents (Z fearmes 

FA" 10^ 

•- . ^ for the towne close in Beeteleve 

Laid oute as folowethe- 

XXX ij. 9. 



Itm to John Brown for the Lete fee . . . . xxiiij.s. 
Itm to him for the Eente of the town Lend in Elmhih iijs. 
Itiii to M"" goggeneye <io2) for the Rente of town Londi 

inbeteley ) 

Itm to M"^ cleres balye ^^^^^ for Rente .... 
ItiTi for the halfe taske of the towne Londs in beteleye 

^ gresnalle 

Itm to the p'^ours balye ...... 

Itm to the plom for a pounde of sowde ^ a dayes worke 

aboute the churche Leads 

Itm for his borde ........ 

Itm for a pinte of malmeseye ageynste christemes 

Itm for the communyon cuppe ..... xxxixs 

Itm for iij pottells of Wyne ageinste easter ^ f or j 

comunyon breade j 

Itm for the Rente of the town Londs in elmhm ^ 

Itm for the puttinge in of the copie of the Re^is? at 

Suin, iiij//. ixs. iiij^. 

« • • • — 

... . 






• • • • y 








A° Dm. 
1568. Rec in Rents ^ fermes . 
[A ' 11° Itm for the towne close 


A° R. Rs. E. xj^ 

Is. \\\]d. 
xxxiijs. iiij(/. 

Laid oute as followeth — 

Inp'^mis for the Lete fee 

Itm for the Rent of the town Lend in elmhiii 
Itm for the Rente of the town Lend in beteleye . 
Itm to m^ cleres balye for Rente .... 
Itih for the halfe taske of town Londs in beteleye (i 


Itm for amcimet of the butts .... 
Itm for a pinte of malmeseye ageinste mihelmes . 
Itm for mendinge of the porche dore . 
Itm to the smyth for mendinge of the Locke of the 

north Dore of the church .... 
Itm for a pinte of Malraesaye ageinste christmes . 
Itiii for three pottells ageinste eas? (i breade 
Itm to m^ sturges for vij yeares Rente of one Acre of 

Lend in m"" taverfls close ^^o^^ . . . . 

Suma, xliijs 


iij 5. vj^. 
ijs. \]d. 

ijs. i]d. 


• * • ■ -J 


• • • • • -J 

iijs. lyl 

• ■ • • -J 



A° Dm. Yppon thacompte taken of T^^ylyam Batche for viij years, V5 from 
1560 to a^ iij^ R. EL, (zq., vntill the feaste of pentecoste a° xj^ w*^'' was 

1568. taken the ix^'' of Marche a" xiiij**, yt appeereth — 

[A d°tO Ir ]3ye thaccompte finished a° iiij° was dewe ynto him 
HilZ.J 'QyQ the accompte finished a° y^ he ow^eth 

Bye the accompte finished a*^ vj° was dewe vnto him 
Bye the accompte finished a^ vij*^ he oweth . 
Bye the accompte finished a° viij° he owethe 

XYiijr/. ob 

xxviijs. iiyl. 

xijs. viijt/. 

xxs. x^/. 

XXX5. \d. 

A*' Dm. 

1568 to 

[A° 11^ to 
14^ Eliz.] 


churchwardens' accounts 

iiij.s. vijc/. 

YS. viijc/. 

xxxix.s. xd. 

Bye the accompte finished a*^ ix° he owethe . 

Bye the accompte finished a° x^ was dewe ynto him 

Bye the accompte finished a° xj*^ he owethe . 

^ so the receiptes be more then the disbwrsinges bye 

And after was alowed vnto the seyed accomptantx 

bye the consent of the towne for certeyne 

moneye disbursed bye him to the behoofe f J ' " " J " 

of the seyed towne ...,.) 
Itm for a pottell of wine ...... xijV. 

Itm for a calender to the seryice booke ^^^^^ . . . iiijrt'. 

Sic in toto, iiij//. xvjs. \uyL 

"^ych beinf^e abated owt of hys charf^re aboye wrytten) 

computatis computandis ther j^s dewe to the towne) •' ' '' ' 

Thaccompte of Simon Shytle from the feaste of Pentecoste a^ xj° 
E. Elizabethe yntill the ix^'' of Marche a° xiiijo eiusden 
ioynctl3'e taken becawse he wolde not shewe the particular 
disbursinges of eche yere, duringe w*=^ iij yeres yt apperethe he 
charged him selfe onlye w^ the receyptes as Batche had donne 
the other yiij yeres. 

Inprimis the seyed Simon Shytle ys charged for 
the rentes of one hole yere dewe at the feaste 
of S' Michaell the archangell a" xj'' R. 
beside the towne close as in the former 
accomptes w^ h. iiijV/., ^ for the towne close 
xxxiij.s. iiijV/., sic in toto 

Itm the seyed Simon ys lykewyse charged for one 

other hole yeres rente dewe at the feaste of J iiij//. iij.?. \nyJ. 
S^ Michaell a'^ xij*^ 

iiij//. 11J.5. yiija. 



Itfii the seyed Simon ys lykewyse charged for one n 

other hole yeres rente dewe at the feaste > iiij/?'. iijs. viijn?. 

of S* Michaell a^ xiij°, as in former accomptes ^ 
Itm of the seyed Simon for ij mylche kye given to j 

the towne bye one Henrye Ruston, clerke . . ) 
Itm he ys lykewyse charged w^ the rent of the seyed ^ 

kye for v yeres ended at the purification of owr ) xxx5 

ladye laste paste at yjs. bye the yere . . .^ 
Itin he ys lykewyse charged w* beinge gyven to the i 

towne bye the seyed Henrye Ruston . . . j 

Sum a omniu re receptorum, xyij//. xiiijs. iiij(f. 


Unde petit allocari pvt sequitur — 

Inprimis dewe ynto him yppon hys laste accompte 

made a° iij"^ R. as 

Itm for breade ^ wine for comunicantes at Easter a° 

XI J JLv. •....., 

Itm for breade ^ wine for comunicantes a° xiij'' . 
Itm more for wine ...... 

Itiii for ij foxes heades accordinge to the statwte ^^°^) 

Itm for iiij polecattes ^ a wilde cattes hed . 

Itih for the Leete fee dewe vnto the Lorde at the feaste ) 

xxxs. iijc/. 



of S^ Michaell, a« xj^ 

• / 

j xxinjs. 

Itm for the Leete fee dewe ynto the Lorde at the feaste 

of S^ Michaell, a° xij° 


■ I 


Itm for the rente of the towne landes dewe vnto mye \ 

L. for ij yeres ^ a halfe ended at the annunciation | xxxs. 
of owr Ladye, a'' xiij° . . . . . ./ 

Itm gyyen to ij poore men ...... 

Itm given to a poore woman 

H 2 

... , 





Itm for line for the towne net ^^o^) 

• • • • 

Itm for timber for peinforde bridge, ^ given to Edwarde ) .... 

Purdewe for a deyes work in mendinge the same . j "^J'^* 
Itm for hys owne horse ^ carte ^ labor abowte the same 

Itm at the generall at Licham 

Itm for the amercyament of the towne neate 

Itfii for a bwll hide 

• • • • t 

Itm leyed owt for office lande . " . 
Itm to Springer for mendinge the Sawnee bell (i08> 
Itm for lime ^ cariadge of the same . 
Itiii for a barre for a glasse windowe 
Itm for the taske of Beetleye 
Itm for the subsedye of the towne lande 
Itm for the dreyne skowringe at Thornwell 
Itm at Ilewghe Dikes bridall for wine . 
Itm at Pticharde Peades bridall for wine 
Itm for the rente of the towne landes lying in Beeteleye ) 
dewe at the feaste of S* Michaell, xiij° P. E. \ ) 
Itm for breade ^ wine for conumicantes 
Itm for the subsydye for the towne landes 
Itin for bawdrickes for the bells . 
Itm peyed to wylyam finke for fflasins-e 
Itm for a rooke net 

• • • • 

Itm at the chapitell .... 

Itm at the makinge of the buttes 

Itm peyed to wakefielde for a bar of yron 

Itin for a pynte of wine 

Itfn for beekon watche .... 

Itm to fletcher beinge gyven to Shypmen 

• • • • -jf 



11J.S. 111J(/. 
IJS. lUjr/. 





• • 7 



ijs. yiijV/. 



• • • • 



Suma, ixli. 




Et sic computatis computandis he owethe thys i 

ix^^^ of Marche to the towne . . .) '^ ' J • -J • 

And wiliam Batches det as befor appeerethe . . vij.s. iiiyl. ot) 

Sic in toto, ixli. x\d. ob. 

A'' Dm. Thaccompt of John Fletcher, one of the churchewardens there, from 
1571 to 1577 the ix^^^ of m^che A° xiiij^ Eliza., At w'^^^ tyme Symon Shittle 

North- left that office, vnto the yj*^ of ApU, Anno xix° eiusdiii Pegle, 

elmhm. 1577, \} for y yerres and one monethe as folowethe — 

[A' 14" to 19" Inpmis he is to be Charged w^^ the rec of the\ 

Pontes of the towne land there for the said 
nye yeres at niyi. iij-s. x]a. p An., payable at 
the feast of S^ Michaell tharca^gell . . ' 
So he ys to be Charged w^^ the Arrerages of\ 
Symon Shittle, his Accompt beyng tu^IL 
xiij-s. xyL, (^ for th arrerages of W°^ batche 
p Cosili, yijs. iiij</. ob. . . . ./ 

Also he ys to be Charged w^^ xls. pcell of a legacye of i 
iijli. geyen to the towne by Henrie ruston, Clerk . ) 

Sin, xxxj/i, 18s. 9d. ob. 



XYd. ob 


Note. — This Account is crossed through, and at the end is written, 
'' OSat^ in libr^ noyo.'^ 

A" Dm. '^' ?• 

1549. A note of y'^ laten (letting) of all suche pcell of lends beyng ifreholde 
(2 belongyng to y° Townshype of northelmhm, Sytuate, 
lyeng ^ beyng w'in y^ bownds of y*^ fuylds of northelmhiii 
aforseyd, and of late wer in y^ occupy eng of wyllfh ffra'ckelyng, 
wyllm Lussher, Nycholas purdy, And Thorns Shetell. As by 



"Written in 
margin in 
di ff'er ent 
"Writing, "now 
Thorns fi'ankljng." 

Lib. (in 


A payer of Indentures between the Inhabytance of y'^ seyd 
Townchyppe ^ y^™, beryng date y« xxxi^^ yere of y-' reygn of 
o^ late sou^ayn Lord Kyng Henry the viij^^ more playnly dothe 
Apere, w^ other pcells also ptaynyng to y^ seyd Townchyppe, 
beyng Copyholde. As here Aft^ benethe in ther seu^all pcells 
more playnly shall Apere. And vnto whom they be now laten, 
And in what ptes of y« ffuylds they lye, wrytten y« iiij^^ daye 
of iS"ouember, the yere of o^ Lord M^'ccccc*^^ xlix^^ And in y« 
iij^^ yere of y« Reygne of o^" most sou^iyn Lord Kyng Edward 
y" syxt that now ys, ^c, And wer laten by the Chyrchwardens 
y^ that is to seye, ^Yyllm ffra\'kelyng (^ Herry Ruston, w^ y« 
Assent ^ consent of y« resydue of y« Inhabytance y^^>-, fro^ y« 
ffest of Seynt Mychaell the Archa^gell laste paste next befor y« 
date herof, for one wholl yere, And so fro^ yere to yere aft^ yS 
by the space of teen yers in all, To these onely entents ^ 
purposes, that is to seye, After y^^ Rents ^ other Chargs to y« 
seyd londs Apptaynyng beyng payed ^ dyscharged, The rest to 
be payed towards y'-' paymct of the Taxe or fysten of o^ seyd 
sou ayn y^ Kyng ^ of hys Successours from tyme to tyme, 
beyng Kyngs of y^ Realrae, As often as Any suche Taxe or 
ffyfte-" heraftr^ shalbe taxed, Charged, dcmaded, or leuyed w4n 
or vpon y« seyd Inhabytance or Townchyppe fro^ tyme to tyme. 
And eu^y of y^™ to whom y« seyd londs be now laten, whose 
names heraftr"" folowethe, shall yerlye paye for eu^y pcell they 
haue suche Somes of monye As herafter shall be mencyoned to 
y^ seyd Wyllm ffra-^ckelyng ^ Ilerry Rustn, now beyng Chyrch- 
wardens, ^ to y" Successours fro^ tyme to tyme beyng, duryng 
ther seyd Lease, <4c. 
pimis to Wyllm Thompson, 1 Acr^ lyeng at Spylcoks 








( Itm to Symon Shetell, j Acr^ lyeng in same ffyrlonge i xij<:/. 

Thomas Powell too (sic) halfe xicr*^ y'^ one ^ 
ig at Stretebusshes ^ y^ other at Brods- [ 

\ ther 

In margin, Lib. Itm to Wyllin Rudd j Acr^ lyeng at Syluerdeane 

" now John 

Perse." Lib. Itni to Edward Ilandeforthe j Aci^ lyeing at Parckegate 

In margin, y^ ( i^^^^ ^^ rj. 

"one John t -i, J 

Perse, y" -•^^"•i lyeng at K^tretebusshes ^ y 

other Thorns ( lothe 


s'^~tondvd T 'b ^ ^^^^ ^^ Ilerry Swanton now Rychard Rustris j half 
grit© to M*'^ ( Acr^ lyeng at Blackhurnfyrlonge .... 

-^■^ he \'^d Lib ' ^^''' ^"^ ^^^ ^"""^^^ Rychard Rustn j Acr' lyeng in the 

grated hym ( same tfy^longe 

hys lease y" ^ j^~^ ^^ Nycholas Purdye j xicr^ lyeng at the west end) 

' ( of Blomefelds closse . . . . . . ) 

/ Itiii to Wyllfh Yarrhm j Acr*^ lyeng in Blackhurfyrlong >, 
between y*^ lands late of Sy. dethyk, gent*, (t Ry. > 

. ) ^viijr^. 

of A" dm 


Iley. (Hey ward) y^ elder 



Wells Townsende . 


"Thorns She- ( Itm to Thorns Shetell j Acr ^ j rode lyeng in pcke- ) 
teU" is cross- Lib ,^^^ 

ed out, and • o 

"S i m on T -TL ( Itm to AVyllm Egrym j Acr-^ h^Q^g in Couerle- ) 

Blomefeld" ' '( creste i 

IS written , ^ 

above. j ., ( Itm to Thorns Clercke j Acr lyeng in Edgegraue ) 

Elb. 1 rv-. 1 i 

( tiyriong ) 

"John John- . ( Itm to John Johnson j Acr*^ ^ A halfe lyeng in hys ) 

sonis crossed ^^^- 1 Closse at the heathe ) 

out ^ • 'James « 

Taverner" jm (Itm to Wyllm Smythe halff An Acr^ lyeng by) 

written ^ ' ) Wodcoks Closse to y® bromward ... j 

above. ' 



• • • • « 




( Itni to Wyllm ffranckelyng j Acr ^ j Rode lyeng at ) 





• ff • • y 






Xat^. I 

- 9 
n p^. 


Itm to Ilerry Eustfi ij Aci^, y^ one ffre, lieng at 

Holgate, ^ one d. Acr^ fre lyeng also y^^, ^ y^ \ ijs. 
other bond lyeng in Pelletts ffyrlong . 

Itm to Kerry fFyide j Acr^ ^ An balfe lyeng in 
Paynots deale 

Itm to John Brown meas' j Aci^ h^^^S in Pellets) 
ffyrlong nygh leen waye ) 

Itm to Eychard Pytcher j Acr^ ^ An halffe lyeng in ) 
Catberd ffyrlong j 

In w%es of all (Z syguler y« p^myss} to be well ^ ffaythfullye 
Accomplysshed and pformed on bothe y^ ptes aforseyd, These 
men folowyng be w^nesses to y^ same, that is to seye, s*^ John 
Pecke/109) clercke, John Elu^yche/iio) prest, John Pers, Wyllm 
Purdy, w^ diu'-^se other of y^ Inhabytance beyug ther ^ then 
p sent, ^0. 

At the foot of the last page of the Accounts is written, in a 
different handwriting: — 

Itm to Rycharde Blomfekle by the Chyrchewardens (2 ye inhabitance 
of elmham j acr*^ and j rode lyeiug in parkehyrne, 

xijs. iiij^/. 

At the foot of the last page of the book is written ; — 

echo of ye^ received xxxvj-^. 

Willm Itudd < ... _,, , ,, , , 

^,. ^ ^ xxiii-s. Of y« plowllett (i^i^ . 

^^ "^ Purdy ) ^ ^ 

W"" Purdy | 

Willm Tompsone ) 

XVJ.S. X(/. 




A° Dm. ^^^ " Corpis X' gyld." Mr. Carthew, in the Hundred of 
1539. Launditch, mentions four Guilds as existing in ancient times in 
!N^orth Elmham, viz. : — Gilda S. Maria3, S. Joins, S. Jacobi, and 
Corpus Christi. The Parish Church is dedicated to S. Mar}^ and of 
the two chaj^els, the one on the south side of the choir to S. James, 
and the other on the north side to S. John. The ancient Guilds 
were friendly Trade Societies, to which each member paid a certain 
fee, called a guild, from the Saxon gildan (to pay). — See Brewer's 
Phrase and Fable, and Ashley's Introduction to English Economic 
History and Theory, 

(2) *' Lend ferme." Stephens defines ferme or feorme thus: — 
'^ Farm or feorme is an old Saxon word signifying provisions, and it 
came to be used instead of rent or render, because anciently the 
greater part of rents were reserved in provisions — in corn, in 
poultry, and the like — till the use of money became more frequent ; 
so that a farmer {firmarius) was one who held his lands upon 
payment of a rent or feorme; though at present, by a gradual 
departure from the original sense, the word farm is brought to 
signify the very estate or lands as held upon farm or rent." — See 
Notes and Queries, Long Perne Court, 7th S., vii. 109, Mar. 2, 1889. 


churchwardens' accounts 

(3) " Hallowmes." Hallowmas, the Mass or Feast of Allhallows, 
i.e., All Saiiits. Shakespeare alludes to a custom on this day 
(in Two Gentlemen of Verona, ii. 1, ''to speak puling, like a 
hesr^ar at Hallowmas"; also Richard II., v. 1), some traces of 
which exist in Staffordshire, where the poor go from parish to 
parish " a souling," i.e., begging, in Lamentable tones, for a kind of 
cake called ''soul cake," and singing a song called the '' senior's 
song/' The custom originally meant that the beggars should 
pray for the souls of the giver's departed friends on the following 
day November 2nd, which was the Feast of All Souh.—Narcs' 
Glossary, 1859. The constant reference to this festival in the 
Churchwardens' Accounts would seem to indicate that it was 
observed in the parish as a time of much feasting. Funds appear 
to have been collected for it, and any money over was paid to '' y^ 
Towne stok." No doubt a merry-making was combined with a 
religious service. It was an ancient custom, at this season, for the 
guild brethren and sisters to assemble in church to pray that the 
souls of the faithful departed, through the mercy of God, might 
rest in peace. Upon these occasions the guild priest or chaplain 
used to read out from the pulpit the names of the departed, and say, 
*' Of your devout charity ye shall pray for all the brethren and 
sisters of" such a gnild in such a church.— See Carthew's Hundred 
of Launditch, vol. ii., p. 593. 

(4) "John Tauner " (Taverner), the son of Nicholas Taverner of 
North Elmham. He died in 1545, at the age of 88, and was 

buried at Brisley, leaving a widow, Anne, daughter of 

Crowe, of East Bilney, who followed him to the grave in or before 
1557. She was his second wife, the first having been Alice, 
daughter of Kobert Silvester of Brisley, who was, no doubt, related 
to Eichard Silvester, Yicar of Elmham from 1523 to 1541. One 
of John Taverner's sons was James, so well known in Elmham 



annals for his hostility to the Crum wells. Another son was Eichard, 
the author of Taverner's Bible. The Taverners were an ancient 
family, and are said to have traced their descent from Ealf le 
Taverner, who held lands in Elmham in 1272, and AYaryn his son 
in 1300. William, Waryn's youngest son, was of Dunwich in 
Suffolk, the ancient East Anglian see, and had a corrody or 
maintenance in the Abbey of Sibton in the 10th of Edward II. 
Sir Nicholas, the eldest, lived at Elmham. His son John le 
Taverner married Cecilia, daughter of one Gelham ; and their son 
John distinguished himself at the battle of Agincourt. Henry, his 
elder brother, was a councillor-at-law, and held lands at Elmham at 
the time of his death in the 6th of Edward IV. 

(5) '' Capyng close." The Camping Close consisted of two acres 
of land to the east of the Church, where a game of ball, somewhat 
the same, I imagine, as our modern football, and called "camping," 
was played. Mr. Candler, in his interesting paper On the Significance 
of some East Anglian Field Names {Norfolk Archccologf/, vol. xi., 
part ii., p. 149), says, under the head of Camping Close:— "The 
famous old camping matches appear to have been encounters of an 
exceedingly ferocious character, and the game would stand very 
badly in the public opinion of a generation which can scarcely 
tolerate football played under Eugby Eules." 

(6) '^ S^ John Elverich." It was the custom at this date (1539) 
to give the Clergy the title of Sir. The name of " John Elverich 
of North Elmham, Chaplain," occurs in a deed executed by Edmund 
Ferrour of Gressenhall, dated 19th July, 30th Henry VIII. (1538). 
Perhaps he was chaplain to Thomas, Lord Crumwell, or, from the 
fact that his name constantly occurs in the Churchwardens' Accounts, 
one of the clergy attached to the Church. 

(7) "Eochetts." The difference between the rochet and the 
surplice is that the rochet has closer sleeves (the present Anglican 


churchwardens' accounts 



A^ Dm. 

Bishops' rochet presents a striking departure from ecclesiastical 
tradition in this respect) and sometimes no sleeves (Pugin, p. 222). 
*' Xormady canvas " was no doubt some linen substance prepared in 
Normandy for the purpose. 

(8) " Y*' menor." The manner. Rich mould of any kind. In 
East Anglia to manner is to throw up brows of ditches or banks for 
mixing with dung or manure. Manner is a corruption of manure. — 
See Nail's Glossary/ of East Anrjlia, vol. ii., p. 598. " Covevino- 
away of y^ menor " means removin": the soil. 

(9) " Y^ feyer stede." The Fairsted was a piece of land abutting 
upon the churchyard at the east end, and, as it seems, close to or 
adjoining the Camping Close. Elmham Fair, abolished within the 
last few years, was an ancient institution. William Turbe, Bishop 
of Norwich, who was consecrated in 114G, confirmed to the priory all 
former grants of liis predecessors, with the church at Elmham, and 
the Fair. It was formerly held each year on the 25th of March, the 
Feast of the Annunciation, but latterly on the 6th and 7th of April. 
It appears to have been removed at some time or other from the 
Fairsted to a piece of pasture at the southern end of the parish, to 
the west of the King's Head Inn, and called the Green Field. In 
1593 there occurs the following entry of a burial in the Eegister 
Book : — " Thorns Crome of dearham who was kylled w^'^ a cart going 
from Elmham fayer (2 was buryed*the 27 daye of Marche, 1593.'' 

^10> " Chosen to be hys felow." The custom seems to have been 
that the churchwardens held office for two years. One retired each 
year, and the one who remained nominated his fellow. 

(") " I? to my lord." Thomas, Lord Crumwell, Henry YIII.'s 
Vicegerent, who was in possession of the Elmham estate at this time. 

(12 "T'-^re natie-^" Terra nativa or copyhold land. For an 
explanation I again quote from Mr. Candler's "japer (p. 147). 
Speaking of ''Bond Meadow," he says that the ^vord bond is in 

common use ''for a piece of copyhold land, wliich sometimes retains 
the old name after enfranchisement. The Latin equivalent of land- 
bond in manorial records is terra nativa, ter. nat., a very suggestive 
expression." It is here contrasted with terra libera, or freehold land. 

(13) u rpy ye }^Q^ygQ Qf Carbrok." This was, no doubt, a payment 
made to the Commandery of Knights Ho.spitalers existing at 
Carbrooke, near Watton. It was in the archdeaconry of Norwich, 
the deanery of Breccles, the hundred of AVayland, and the honour 
of Clare. The house was founded previous to 1173, and was situated 
on the south side of the church of Great Carbrooke. Blomefield says 
that it consisted of a prior and fifteen knights. It had sixteen stalls 
in the church, and supported six boys at 40-^. per annum. It 
possessed lands in fifteen parishes, of which no doubt Elmham was 

(14) *^To y^ p^or." The Prior of Norwich Cathedral Priory, 
which was founded by Herbert de Losinga, first Bishop of Norwich, 
1091, and to which he appropriated the Bectory of Elmham 

(15) ''Will Piumer late depiyd." He was churchwarden in 
1539, and died in the year of his office. Tiie entry of his burial 
reads as follows in the Begister : — " Will Biimer, husbondman, was 
beryed y^ xxvj day of decembr (1539), w^' was Christ friday and 
sent Stevvns day." 

(16) '^^]p fferro''." The Ferrers or Ferrours were a family living 
in Gressenhall. Edmund Ferrour was lord of the manor of Harford 
in that parish in 30 Henry YIII. (1538). He had four sons, Thomas, 
John, Bichard, and Bobert. There was living in Elmham in 1523 
Andrew Farror or Ferror, who by his will, dated 16th December, 
directed "that Margaret my wifi" shall have all the Thyrm belynge 
tre and all the freute that come Y of." Mr. Carthew in the 
Hundred of Launditch, vol. iii., p. 220, is unable to give any 


churchwardens' accounts 



explanation as to the meaning of *'Thyrm belynge tre." Possibly 
this Andrew is the "M^ ffero^" mentioned in the Accounts. 

^^^ "Payed to y^ bekyn." Beacon, from Saxon Beacen = signal. 

Camden derives it from Beacman = to ofive notice by a siornal. It 

cannot be doubted but such fires were in use in the time of the 

Saxons, i.e., somewhat earlier than the middle of the fifth century. 

As regards their form, Coke (4/A Imtitute, c. xxv., p. 184) says, 

Before the reign of Edward III. they were but stacks of wood set up 

on high places, which were fired when the coming of enemies was 

descried ; but in his reign pitch boxes, as now they be, wore, instead 

of tliose stacks, set up. And this properly is a Beacon, though 

lighthouses, steeples, churches, castles, trees, come under the same 

denomination, and are called 8l()na marina, speculatoria, or sig}ia 

maris. According to Camden none but the King could erect any of 

these three, which was done by commission under the Great Seal, 

and later on by letters patent granted to the Lord High Admiral, 

who had power to erect all. By Act 8th Eliz. it is provided that the 

master and wardens and assistants of Depford Stroud may lawluUy, 

at their costs, erect and set up beacons, marks, and signs for the sea 

on sea shores, and upon land near the sea coasts, whereby the danger 

may be avoided, and ships the better come to their ports. The 

money due or payable for the maintenance of beacons was called 

becouagiion, which, as he says, was levied by the Sheriff of the 

county upon each hundred, as appears by an ordinance in manuscript 

for the county of ^N^orfolk, issued to Hobertus de Monte and Thomas 

de Bardolfe, who sat in Parliament as Barons, 14th Edward II. 

{ArcJiceologia, vol. i., p. 1, by Professor "Ward, Gresham Coll.) 

Beacons anciently were intended as signals for the better securing 

the kingdom from foreign invasion. On certain eminent places of 

the country were erected long poles, whereon were fastened pitch 

barrels, to be fired by night, and to smoke by day, to give notice in 

A° Dm. 

a few hours to the whole kingdom of an approaching invasion. 
These served to communicate the alarming intelligence as rapidly as 
the modern invention of the telegraph. They were frequently used 
among the primitive Britons and Western Highlanders. Fingal 
instantly knew ''the green flame, edged with smoke," to be a token 
of attack and distress. Iladley Church, near London, has an iron 
beacon-frame erected on a square tower at the west end ; and I 
have myself seen one on the walls of Scarborough Castle. 

(18) '^ Y^ pctor of sent John." The Proctor of S. John, the agent 
or collector for the Hospital of S. John at Carbrooke. It was not 
unusual to describe a religious institution by the name of its patron 

(19) " To y' balyes." Simon Dethycke, whose name appears in 
the next entry of the Churchwardens' Accounts, was at this period 
baly, or bailiff, to Thomas Lord Crumwell's Manor of Nowers. He 
died in 1542, and was buried on the first day of March ha vino- 
directed by his will that his body should be laid to rest in S. James' 
Chapel, on the south side of Elmham Church choir. 

(20) '^4^ shest (chest) to ley yn the Comon lyght." Wax was 
supplied out of the Church Fund for the light which was kept 
continually burning before the blessed sacrament on the high altar, 
and was provided, no doubt, for the use of side altars as well. 

(21) ^^ itff, for A Byble." In 1539 Grafton and Whitchurch 
printed, at London, the Bible in large folio, under the direction of 
Coverdale and patronage of Cranmer, containing some improvement 
of Matthew's translation : this is generally called the Great Bible. 
There were several editions of it, and particularly one in 1540, for 
which Cranmer wrote a preface, shewing that " Scripture should be 
had and read of the lay and vulgar people," hence this edition of 
1540 is called Cranmer's Bible. In this year the curate and 
parishioners of every parish w^ere required, by royal proclamation, to 





A" Dm. 

provide tliemselves with the Bible of the Largest size before the Feast 
of All Saints, under a penalty of 405. a month; and all Ordinaries 
were charged to see that this proclamation was obeyed. It was " set 
up in the churches, where it might be read by the people, although 
it was not as yet used in the public service." — Procter, Boolx of Com. 

(22) f'Fre stone at Walsyngham Abbey." After the suppression 
of the Monasteries in 1536, it appears that the stones of AYalsing- 
ham Abbey were sold. A load of them was bought by the Elmham 
Churchwardens for the repairs of the Church. Some of the richly- 
carved stones mav be seen inserted in the wall over the north dooi*. 

(23 <■ Xo see y*^ bells." The bells appear to have been taken 
down this year (1541) and sent to one Hugge of Norwich, whether 
to be re-cast, or for what purpose the x^ccounts do not record. They 
were re-hung the following year, 1542. There is no entry of their 
conveyance to Norwich, although the cost of removing them thither 
— some nineteen miles bv road — must have been considerable. 
Mr. Rugge received 6s. as a part payment for whatever was done 
to them, but there is nothing to show that he w\as ever paid in full. 

(24^ " Certen plate." The Reformation, to which Thomas, Lord 
Crumwell, was giving his whole mind, is begun in the Parish by the 
sale of some of the sacred vessels, the silver upon the Cross '* y^ the 
reliques wheryn," and the silver shoes '' vpon y^ brown rodes fete.'^ 
It is difficult to decide what this mav mean. The term " rood " is 
ordinarily applied to that figure or series of figiu'es consisting of 
our Lord, Ilis Blessed Mother, and S. John the Divine, placed in a 
loft or gallery at the entrance to the chancel of cathedrals or parish 
churches. If these three imati^es formed the rood in Elmham 
Church, upon the feet of which of them were the silver shoes ? I 
am not aware of any instance where the Saviour's feet are said to 
have been thus clad ; I can only hazard a conjecture that they were used 

on the image w^hich represented the Virgin Mary. Since writing 
the above, however, my attention has been called to the following : — 
Chauncy's Ilertforchhire (quoted in Toulmin Smith's Parish, p. 494) 
gives an Inventory of the Church Goods of Welwyn in 1541, and 
in it occurs the following entry : — '* Item a crosse w*^ Saint Mary 
and John w* the foote to the same belonging, of coper and gylt." 
It is, therefore, possible that these silver shoes formed a movable 
covering or casing put on to the feet (or base) of the brown rood 
or cross on special festivals. 

Dr. Brewer, in Phrase and Fable, speaks of Rood Lane in London, 
so called from a rood or ** Jesus on the Cross " placed there, and 
in Roman Catholic times held in great veneration. More generally 
the representation was of the Trinity; God the Father being re- 
presented as '' the Ancient of days," fully clothed, with a nimbus 
round His head, holding the Cross, on which God the Son is 
represented as crucified, and God the Holy Ghost as descending in 
the form of a dove near the Saviour's head. The Yirgfin Marv and 
S. John are often placed near the principal figures. 

" Saviour, in Thine image seen, 
Bleeding on that precious rood^ 


*' By the rood " w^as an oath commonly in use in Roman Catholic 


*' No, by the rood, not so." — Shahespeare. 

See Webster's Dictionary. 

(26J ^'ye lete fee." The ''Leet" (Latin, lis, a lawsuit) or, as it 
was commonly called, the "Court Leet," was one of the courts held 
of right by the lord of a manor. In the Court Baron and Court 
Customary the civil business of the manor was transacted and new 
tenants were admitted. The Court Leet was the criminal or police 
court, w^here ofi:ences, such as encroachments, violations of the 


churchwardens' accounts 



A Dm. 


manorial customs, and petty assaults, were presented and punished 
by fine. The presentments were usually made by the capital 
pledges of the tithings. By a law dating as far back as the time 
of King Henry I. every male of twelve years old and upwards was 
expected to enrol himself in a tithing or association of ten or twelve 
persons at least, each of whom was responsible for the good conduct 
of the rest. Each member of the tithing was a pledge for the rest, 
and one was called the capital or chief pledge. If one of the 
number offended and could not be produced, or if an offence was 
found to be concealed, the whole tithing was fined. 

Long before this time the court leet had fallen into desuetude or, 
if held, into practical inefilciency in most places; its jurisdiction 
having been absorbed by the justices of the peace in the country, 
and by the aldermen or similar magistrates in the boroughs. Still 
the lords of the manors had the legal right to hold the court and 
to fine their tenants for non-attendance. It is probable that it was 
found mutually convenient for the tenants to pay to the lord a fixed 
annual sum to be free from the obligation of attendance, and from 
the fines which might be inflicted on them. 

As the payment here of 24.^:., in the name of the ^' Leet Fee," 
implies the existence of the obligation to attend the court, and there 
is no hint of any fines being paid at any time, it seems most likely 
that the fee was the composition for non-attendance, if the lord still 
held the court, or, if the court were disused, an old customary 
payment originally made with that object. 

26 '' A pursse ^ ij Combs y* were Eelyquys in y^ Chyrche." 
These were probably some of the relics mentioned before (note 24) 
as beino^ concealed in the cross on the hio:]i altar. A marria^-e is 
entered in the Parish Register as solemnized in 1540, on 11th July, 
" w'' was relique soday ; " in connection with which I am indebted 
to Dr. Jessopp for the following interesting information : — " Relic 

Sunday is the first Sunday after S. Thomas' Day (8th July), i.e., the 
Translation of S. Thomas the Martyr (Becket). In 1540 S. Thomas' 
Day fell on a Thursday; therefore Relic Sunday fell on the 11th, as 
stated in the Register." 

(27) '« Y*^ Town butts." If Englishmen have always been famous 
as sailors, the same (till the introduction of firearms) may be said of 
them as archers. In 1346 the battle of Cressy, and in 1356 Poitiers, 
was won by their prowess in this respect. Edward III. was very 
jealous of the honour of the bow. In 1363 he commanded the 
general practice of archery on Sundays and holidays, in lieu of 
ordinary rural sports, which were forbidden on pain of imprisonment. 
For the manufacture of bows yew was generally preferred ; hence 
the reason, it has been said, why so many of our churchyards have 
yew trees planted in them. Several Acts were passed in the reign of 
Henry YII. for the encouragement and promotion of archery. One 
Act directed that butts should be erected and kept in repair in all 
townships, and that the inhabitants should practise shooting at 
them on holidays. Every able man, not being an ecclesiastic or a 
judge, was ordered to familiarise himself with the use of the lonj? 
bow. Even the ''godly Master Latimer" did not think it amiss to 
strongly advocate its use in his sermons before Edward YI. at 
S. Paul's Cross. The English victory at Flodden Field was due to 
the skill and courage of the archers ; and entries in Edward YI.'s 
Journal in the British JMuseum show that he was fond of archery as 
an amusement. The Act for keeping up the butts was, generally 
speaking, respected in IN'orth Elmham, although the parish was once 
or twice fined for neglect. 

(28) <^Y^ obytee day of y bhfactors." The obit was an 
anniversary ofiice for the soul of the deceased on the day of 
his death. The anniversary of any person's death was called the 
obit; and to observe such a day with prayers and alms or other 

I 2 



commemoration was the keeping of the obit. In religious houses a 
register was kept, wherein were entered the obits or obitual days of 
founders or benefactors ; this register was called the Obituary. 
The tenure of obit, or obituary, or chantry lands, is taken away by 
an Act of Edward YI. 
A^ Dm. (29) " Mr. Robert Nycholls." Amongst the Taverner Evidences 
1544. given by Mr. Carthew in the Hundred of Launditch, the name of 
Sir Robert NychoUs, Clerk, occurs as witnessing the will of John 
Tav'ner, of Brysley, yeoman, dated 14th April, 1545. Also at a 
court in 23rd Henry YIII. it was presented that John Taverner, 
of Brisley, had alienated to Richard Sylvester, Clerk (Yicar of 
Elmham), a close called Seuston's in Elmham ; and Robert Nicholls, 
Clerk, executor of Sylvester's will, by which the close was devised to 
him, produced the will in court; but Taverner then refused to 
complete the surrender, and at the following court Nicholls released 
to him. 

(30) '•' Y' noysome wayes," the highways. The expression forcibly 
conveys an idea of their condition. They are "noysome" enough 
now, generally speaking, and in those days, no doubt, they were 
doubly "noysome." 

(31) "Ry. Heywarde at y Crosse." He is thus described in the 
ancient Register Book, and in a note in my published copy of it, I 
have mentioned a piece of land in the parish, on the rising ground 
beyond the King's Head Inn and on the right hand side of the road 
running to Dereham, which still retains the name of "High Cross," 
and there I have supposed that the Parish Cross once stood. It is 
true that an entry farther on in the Churchwardens' Account Book 
in 1547 speaks "of y' Hey Crosse to Ryborough ward," and this 
would seem to place it in exactly the opposite direction. But I 
think that it probably means that the lands referred to in the entry 
lay to the north or Ry burgh side of the cross. The piece of land 




now called High Cross is memorable for the questionable act of 
Richard Warner, sometime owmer of the Elmham Estate. Tradition 
says that he hired this land for the term of one crop, and sowed 
ACORNS. If men's good deeds survive them, so assuredly do their 
ill deeds. 

(32) '< Ye Kyngs Myll." This was, no doubt, a mill standing 
upon the site of that which is now known as Worthing Mill. The 
stream over which it is built separates Elmham from that parish. 
In a bundle of mutilated court-rolls, found by Mr. Carthew in 
the Muniment-room at Elmham Hall, the following appears : — ' 
" 3 Henry YIII. A presentment quod molendinarius de Kyngs- 
myll submerged pratum domini voc. Brodfen eo quod obstupavit 

aquiio cum et staks ad nocumentum tenentium domini, &c." 

In other words the miller is presented at the Manor Court for 
impeding the stream by placing stakes and other obstacles in it, and 
so causing the water to overflow and submerge a meadow called 
Brodfen. Brodfen is, no doubt, the same as Brodmarshe, which is 
repcatedh^ mentioned in the Churchwardens' Account Books. It 
lies in the direction of Beet ley, and would become submerged by an 
overflow of water from the Worthing or King's Mill. 

Since writing the above, my attention has been directed to a very 
able and interesting paper read by Mr. Clarke, of the Diocesan 
Registry, at Castleacre, on the 19th August, 1890, and what he there 
says seems to set the matter at rest. Speaking of Castleacre at the 
time of the dissolution of the monasteries, he makes the following 
remarks : — " I must mention a peculiar gift to the Convent. Henry 
de Rie, a companion of William the Conqueror, by will gave to the 
Priory (of Castleacre) his mill at Worthing, together with Thurston 
the miller, the miller's mother and brothers, and all their substance. 
This is a specimen of the feudal times. There is still a water-mill at 
Worthing." Mr. Clarke then goes on to say : — " On the 22nd 


churchwardens' accounts 

A . Dm. 

!N"oveniber, 1537, the Prior and some ten monks only (barely one- 
third of the supposed number in the convent) signed the deed 
surrendering their house and all its possessions ''—the mill, of course, 
being amongst the number— 'Uo King Henry YIIL, and from that 
time the Convent ceased to exist." The mill, therefore, would 
thenceforth be appropriately spoken of as " the King's mill." 

^33) "When I rode to geyghton." When I rode to Gayton. 
This year and the next (1544-5) the churchwardens were summoned 
before Commissioners, at Gayton, Litcham, and East Dereham, on 
matters touching the Reformed Faith. The ''vulgar tongue" was 
now ordered to be used in the Church Services, and Archbishop 
Cranmer received Henry VIII.'s command to make translations from 
the Latin. As a beginning, the English Litany, with which the 
people had been familiar for generations, was authorised for public 

(34) ^'Y^ pson of Bylney." This was JS'icholas Marshall, Kector 
of Bilney from 1525 to 1554. 

(35) *' Y^ Soydyors (soldiers) y^ sholde have gone furth." This is 
the first mention of sending forth soldiers from the parish, and 
providing arms and clothing for them out of the Church Fund. The 
elements of disturbance were undoubtedly in the air. Mr. Rye, in 
his Eistori/ of Norfolk, says :— '' The temper was rising year by year. 
In L540 one John Walker, of Griston, said, ' If three or four good 
fellows would ride in the night with every man a bell, and cry in 
every town they passed through, *To Swaffham! To Swaffham!' 
by the morning there would be ten thousand assembled at least.' 
This intended rising was avowedly against the gentlemen. 'It 
would be a good thing,' said he, 'if there were only as many 
gentlemen in T^orfolk as there were white bulls.' From after results 
it is clear that Walker was perilously near the truth as to the 
readiness to rise." 



A". Dm. 

(36) " A Ratchett." The same word is used in the Accounts of 
the following year (1546), where a payment is made "to Margaret 
Croker for y^ medyng of A Ratchett." A ratchet is a piece of 
metal used to insert in the teeth of a wheel to stop its backward 
motion. This might be the implement intended in the first entry, 
but not in the second. To mend a ratchet would hardly be a 
woman's employment. In 1539 there is an entry of "six yards of 
Normandy Canvass for two rochetts," i.e., ecclesiastical vestments 
(see note 7, p. 93). Perhaps it is to the mending of a rochet that 
the second entry refers. 

(37) '' For iij Gyrdles for y« Albes." The albe is a loose and 
long ecclesiastical vestment, coming down to the feet, and having 
close-fitting sleeves reaching to the hands. Anciently it appears to 
have been made usually of linen, though in later times rich silks of 
different colours were frequently used; while, in the Russian Church, 
velvet is often employed. It was very commonly ornamented with 
square or oblong pieces of embroidery, called apparels ; these were 
stitched on, or otherwise fastened to various parts of it, especially 
just above the feet and near the hands, where they had somewhat the 
appearance of cuffs. The Rubric of 1549 directs the use of " a 
white Albe plain," meaning, no doubt, a linen albe without apparels. 
The girdle is a cord or narrow band of silk or other material (usually 
white, with tassels attached). It is used for fastening the albe round 
the waist. — See Blunt's Annotated Book of Common Prayer. 

(38) ^'Y'^ laten Censors." Laten or latten is a fine kind of brass 
or bronze used in the middle ages for crosses, candlesticks, and 
censers. The censer is a vessel in which incense is burned. 

" Her thoughts are like the fume of frankincense. 
Which from a golden censer forth doth rise." 


(39) *'Arie Tauner of Bresesele." This must have been Anne 



Taverner, wife of John of North Elmham and Brisley. She was 

the daughter of Crow of East Bilney, and died in or before 


(*0) - Y« Chyrche gate plow." I imagine that this must have 
been a plough kept in common use, near the church, for the plou-h- 
men on Plough Monday, and that the 17s. 4d. here mentioned^'as 
being in the custody of Sir John Elveriche, clerk, was the sum 
or some portion of it, collected in the parish on the previous 
anniversary. Plough Monday was the Monday next after Twelfth 
Bay, when in the north of England ploughmen drew a plough from 
door to door, and begged plough money to drink; the'y then 
ploughed two furrows across in a base court or other place near 
houses. In other parts of England if any ploughmen, after their 
day's work, came to the kitchen-hatch with a goad or whip and 
cried, - Cock in the pot " before the maids said, - Cock on the 
dunghill,'^ then they gained a cock for Shrove Tuesday. Tusser thus 
alludes to this quaint custom;— 

''Plougli Monday, next after that Twelfth-tide is past, 
Bids out with the plough, the worst husband is last/ 
If ploughmen get hatchet, or whip to the shreene, 
Maids loseth their cocke, if no water be seen." 

(«) " Holy Bode daye." The 14th September. 

<*2) - A gret lantern to bear lyght before y^ Sacramct '^ This 
was, no doubt, intended for procession througli the streets when the 
reserved Sacrament was carried to the sick. 

^ («) u ye ,,d Cope.'' A kind of full long cloak, of a semi- 
circular shape, reaching to the heels, and open in front, thus leaving 
the arms free below the elbows. It is worn over either the albe or 
the surphce.-See Blunt's Amwfafed Book of Common Prayer 

^**> '^n r quere by the Sepulchre." This was on the north 
Bide of the chancel, and was a place where the Blessed Sacrament was 



solemnly reserved from Good Friday to Easter Day. There were 
two kinds used for this purpose in the old churches: 1, Permanent, 
built in the north walls of the choir or chancel, and adorned with 
rich ornamental covering and appropi-iate imagery ; 2, Composed of 
frame work and rich hangings, set up for the occasion. There are 
few parochial churches which are not provided with a tomb on the 
north side of the chancel, which served for the sepulchre, and was 
adorned on these occasions with hangings and other decorations. 
Devout persons erected these tombs with the especial intention of 
their serving for the sepulchre, that those who came to visit it in 
Holy "VYeek might be moved to pray for their souls. When a 
Rationale of the Bights and Ceremonies of the EngHnJi Church was 
set forth in the reign of Henry YIIL, the following exposition of 
the sepulchre was given : — *' And on that day (Good Friday) is 
prepared and well adorned the Sepulchre, in remembrance of His 
sepulture, which was prophesied by the prophet Esaias to be glorious; 
wherein is laid the inuige of the Cross and the most blessed Sacra- 
ment : to signify that there was buried no corpse or body that could 
be putrified or corrupted, but the pure and undcfiled Body of Christ, 
without spot of sin, which was never separated from the Godhead, 
that, as David expressed it in the 15th Psalm, it could not see 
corruption ; nor death could not detain or hold Him, but He should 
rise again, to our great hope and comfort. And therefore the 
Church adorns it with lights, to exjiress the great joy they have of 
that glorious triumph over death and the devil." — Collier, vol. ii., 
pp. 197-8. 

A sepulchre still (1868) remains in Long Melford Church, Suffolk. 
An old MS. in Neal's Vieii'S of Churches gives the following descrip- 
tion of the ceremony of the sepulchre, as it was practised in that 
church : — " In the quire there was a fair painted frame of timber, to 
be set up about Maunda}^ Thursday, with holes for a number of fair 




apers to stand in before the Sepulchre, and to be lighted in service 
time. Sometimes it was set overthwart the quire, before the Hioh 
Altar; the Sepulchre being alwaies placed, and finely garnished,°at 

he north end of the High Altar; between that and Mr. Clopton's 
httle chappel there in a vacant place of the wall; I think upon the 
tomb of one of his ancentors," &c. 

Antiquities of Durham Abbey. 
Good Friday.-" The adoration of the Cross being ended two 
monks carried the Cross to the Sepulchre witli great reverence • 
(which was set up that morning on the north side of the quire ni-^h 
unto the High Altar, before r service time) and there laid it in the 
said Sepulchre with great devotion, with another picture of our 
Saviour Christ, in whose breast they enclosed with great reverence 
the most Holy and Blessed Sacrament of y^ Altar, cen.ino and 
praymg to ,t upon their knees a great space ; setting two lapors 
lighted before it. which burned till Easter Day in the morning" 

Easter Day.-'< There was in the Church of Durham a very 
solemn service upon Easter Day between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, m honour of the Resurrection, when two of the eldest 
monks of the quire came to the Sepulchre set up on Good Friday 
after the Passion, all covered with red velvet and embroidered with 
gold out of which with great reverence they took an extreme 
beautiful Image of our Saviour, representing the Resurrection, with 
a Cross m His hand, in the breast whereof was inclosed in the 
brightest crystal, the Holy Sacrament of the altar, through which 
crystal the Blessed Host was conspicuous to the beholders. Then 
after the elevation of y- said picture, carried by y= s^ two monks 
upon a velvet cushion all embroidered, singing the anthem of Chr,stus 
Memrrjcns, they brought it to the High Altar," &c. 
The Service connected with the Sepulchre appears to have been 




conducted in England with great and edifying solemnity. — Piigin, 
3rd ed., pp. 206-7-8. 

(45) ♦< Chantryes and ppetuytyes." Chantries and hospitals 
dissolved and granted to the Crown by 37th Henry YIII., c. 4. The 
chantry was an endowed chapel where masses were sung or said daily 
for the souls of the donors. Perpetuities would, no doubt, represent 
endowments of all kinds for religious purposes. 

(46) "Y" best Canapye." A rich cloth or covering suspended as 
a hood over tba Blessed Sacrament on the Altar, or borne over it 
when carried in processions. It was made of velvet, silk, or cloth of 
gold, and richly embroidered with appropriate devices, and borne by 
four, six, eight, or twelve staves of wood or silver, to which small 
bells were usually attached. A canopy of state was also borne over 
the hearse in funerals of noble persons. Colours — E-oman use white, 
but in French and Flemish churches, generally red. In England 
both colours were used indifferentlv. In the Church of Holv Triuitv, 
Melford, Suffolk, there was **A cloth of blue silk to bear over the 
Sacrament, with chalices of gold embroidered tliereon ; the gift of 
Robert Miller." In the parish church of Faversham, Kent, we find 
"Item, a canapy clothe, pouns^^d, garneyshd about with purpill 
velvett, with tascellys of red sylke. Item, a canapy for the 
Sacrament, of crimson sarsanet, with knoppis of golde and tascellys 
of red sylke. Item, 2 canapyes of lawne for the Sacrament, one 
with knoppis of coppir, and gret knoppis of golde, wroughte with 
the nedyll, and tascellys of red sylke; and the other hath none." — 
Jacob's Ilidory of Faversham; Pugin's Glossary of Ecclesiastical 
Ornaments, 3rd ed., pp. 56, 57. 

(47; "Y^ Crosse clothe of svlk." This was a veil for the cross 
which stood upon the High Altar. The custom of hanging these 
veils in the English churches was explained in the following manner 
in a Rationale set forth in 1541 : — "The covering of the Cross and 


churchwardens' accounts 

A Dm. 

images in Lent, with the uncovering of the same at the Resurrection, 
signifies not only the darkness of infidelity, which covered the face 
of the Jews in the 0. T., but also the dark knowledge they had of 
Christ, Who was the perfection and end of the Law ; and not yet 
opened until the time of Ilis death and resurrection. And the same 
partly is signified by the Veil which hid the secret place of the 
Sanctum Sanctormn from the people, and in the time of Christ's 
Passion was opened, that all men might see it and have a ready 
entrance thereinto." — Collier's History, vol. ii., p. 197. 

(48) '' Y^ Cope." See note 43, p. 106. 

(49) « Crocks and Trenchers." Earthenware cups and wooden 
plates. These may have been for use on Hallowmas night, the 
festivities of which appear to have been now abolished, and so, there 
being no further need of cups and plates, they were sold. Mr. 
Carthew thiuks that " crocks " may mean crooks for sheep, but I 
cannot see any reason for this supposition. 

(50 "My lady Hastyngs." It seems probable that she was 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Hugh Hastings, who died 32nd Henry VIII., 
1540. She died 1580, having married Hamon Le Strange, of 
Hunstanton, co. Xort\)lk, Esq., lord of Gressenhall and East Lexham, 
CO. Norfolk, jure nxoris. He died October, 22nd Elizabeth, 
1580. Her sister, Anne Hastings, married William Brown, Esq., 
second son of Sir Anthon}' Brown, K.Q-., lord of Elsing, co. 
Norfolk, jure uxoris. Sir George Hastings, Sir Hugh's father, 
possessed a water-mill in Elmham, called Gnjndmille, and lands 

(51) <<ij Tables for Aulters." These may possibly have been 

ntended for the chapels of SS. John and James, on the north and 

south sides of the chancel The removal of stone altars had been 

partially begun, although no peremptory order was issued respecting 

them till November, 1550. 



A' Dm. 

f52) ''0^ late sou^ayn Lord kyng Henry the viij^^" He died 
January 28th, 1547. 

(53) << A Monstrant of Sylu." Latin montro, to show or exhibit. 
The monstrance is a transparent pyx, or box, in which, in the 
Eomish Church, the consecrated wafer, or Host, is held up to view 
before the congregation. Host = hostia (victim), and is the name 
given to altar bread before consecration. It also signifies the blessed 
sacrament itself. — Pugin, p. 158. 

(5*) "A payer of Sensors w^ y' shype of Sylu." These are all 

vessels for holding incense. 


^55) '^A payer of Paxes of Sylu." Parker, in his Concise 
Glossary of Architecture, says:— '' Pax (Latin), Paxbrede, a small 
tablet having on it a representation of the Crucifixion, or some 
other Christian symbol, ofiered to the congregation in the Romish 
Church to be kissed in the celebration of the Mass : it was usuallv of 
silver or other metal, with a handle at the back, but was occasionally 
of other materials; sometimes it was enamelled and set with precious 
stones. The pax was introduced when the osculum pads, or kiss of 
peace, was abrogated on account of the confusion which it entailed." 

(56) '' A payer of Chalyce." The holy sacrament had hitherto 
been delivered to the laity in one kind only ; the cup had been 
denied them. In December of this year (1547, 1st Edward YI.) an 
Act of Parliament was passed, with the unanimous aj^proval of the 
convocation of the clerg}^, converting the mass into a communion, 
and requiring that the holy sacrament should be delivered to the 
people, and under both kinds.— Berens, History of the Prayer BooJi. 
Chalices had therefore to be supplied. 

(57) -'Hey Crosse to Eyborough warde."— See note 31, p. 102. 

(58) '' Itfii rec for y^ Clothes y^ hange before y^ roode lofte w^ 
other small steyned clothes ^ y^ ymages." The Canon required all 
pictures, reliefs, or statues of saints to be covered up during Lent. 




This was done by coverings of linen or silk, on which symbols of 
the Passion were sometimes painted. " Steyned clothes for Lent," 
as these were called, are very common items in old church in- 
ventories. In wealthy churches each important image had its own 
set of "steyned clothes;" the most important of all being that 
which was used to cover the great rood on the choir screenr The 
whole east end of the sanctuary was concealed by a curtain called 
the Lenten Veil, which hung from wall to waU of the sanctuary, 
a few feet to the west of the high altar. In many cases the iron 
hooks which supported this curtain may still be seen in the 
north and soutli walls. (Professor Middleton, before the Cambridge 
Antiquarian Society. See John Bull, December 14th, 1889, p. 819 ) 
"Y« ymages." In the first year of Edward YL, 1.547-8, an 
ecclesiastical visitation was carried out for the purpose of removing 
images and compelling the use of the English tongue in the Church 

^^ " Y^ Chapell of Becke." I am indebted to Mr. Clarke, of 
the Diocesan Registry, for the following account of the Hospital to 
to which this Chapel was attached :-- Bee (or Beck) Hospital was 
m BiUmgtord, and was founded in the reign of Henry III (circa 
1222) by one William de Bee, who appointed Richard, his chaplain 
Master thereof. It had thirteen beds for receiving poor travellers 
every night, and also a chapel dedicated to S. Thomas the Martyr. 
The chapel appears to have been subsequently re-dedicated to 
S. Paul, probably in the year 1538, when Henry YIII. by pro- 
clamation caused the name of S. Thomas of Canterbury to be 
expunged from the Calendar. 

In 37th Henry YIII. (1546) the Hospital, with its messuages, lands 
&c., m Billingford, Hoe, East Dereham, Swanton Morlev, Brisleyi 
Gateley, North Elmham, and several other parishes, was granted tJ 
one John Curson and his heirs. 



There is at the present time a farm-house at Billingford called 
Beck Hall, in the occupation of Mr. Robert Hudson. 

The late Mr. J. G. Nichols, in his Pilgrimage to Walsingham and 
Canterbury, speaking of Walsingham says: that *'the principal road 
by which the pilgrims travelled thither from the south passed by 
Newmarket, Brandon, and Fakenham, and is still known as the 
Palmer's Way and the Walsingham Green Way, and that another 
great road led from the east through Norwich and Attleborough by 
Bee Hospital, where gratuitous accommodation for thirteen pilgrims 
was provided every night." 

" I have not at present," Mr. Clarke goes on to say, " traced 
Walsingham Way from Elmham. It may have passed through 
Great and Little Ryburgh, or through Guist to Pensthorpc, and 
from thence to Fakenham, on the north side of which it passed by 
the late turnpike road through East Barsham and Houghton to 
Walsingham. There was a road in Elmham called Walsingham 

(60) i( ^ Byble ^ y° paraphrasys of ErasmQ." On the accession 
of Edward YL (January 28th, 1547) measures were taken to set up 
the '' Great Bible " in the churches, together with a translation of 
the Paraphrase of Erasmus on the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles, 
to be studied by the clergy. For the '' Great Bible," see note 21 
ante, p. 97. 

(61) i( Putte ynto y^ poore folcks Cheste at y^ quere doore." 
Cunningham, in his Growth of English Industry and Commerce, says, 
p. 479 : — " A considerable step in advance was made in the year 
(1536) of the suppression of the monasteries. It was found that the 
existing Acts (that able-bodied vagrants should be publicly whipped 
and sent to the place of their birth) could not be enforced, because 
there was no fund for the relief of the impotent poor, nor for the 
employment of the able-bodied when they returned to the places 



A' Dm. 

where hey ought to be maintained ; there were besides no sufficient 
instructions as to the way in which tramps should repair to tTei 

ate of ten m.les a day was to be relieved < upon the sight of his 

town and vdlages were to keep the poor by way of voluntary and 
chantable alms while they were to set the'ab Jbodied o lo Y ,o 
that they might maintain themselves. The churchwardens were to 

so that the poor, impotent, lame, sick, feeble, and diseased mi^ht be 
sufficiently provided for tnA i,m ),„ * , ^ " 

(62; «"t;- : "^/°'' ''"'* °o*^ l^ave to go about and beg." 

Itm m Chargs at Walsynghm, &c." This was the Com,on for removing images, asserting the royal supremacy a^d 
compelling the use of the English tongue ^ ' 

• T « " 5' ^'"' "* '" °^'°^ ^^"''^'^" ^y this it would seem that 
m the fi,,t instance and before its removal to the midst of tTe chot 

Tere i^enLd. ' '°""""°"' "'^'^^^' '"^-''' ^ ^^^^ ^^^e is 

f. '*!' . ?'^i'l°^ ^'"■^'''' Chvrche." Norwich Cathedral Priory 

bj him with the rectory and the advowson of Elmham Vicarage 
It would appear that the expense of certain requirements for the 
church was shared between the church fund and the priory 

of 1548 " tP'^ "'T. °V'' "'^^ ^^"^•'^^^•" T^^ -d- of -uncil 
of 1548. This was the first Prayer-book of Edward VI. Certain 
bishops and divnes with ArpJiKM,^.. r- • "-ertam 

compfle it. The " Orfer tf f ' T'' "'"^"'^ '''"^'^^^ty to 
n I . u 7 , Communion," preparatory to a more 

complete book, had been already issued m March, 1547 The 

Commissioners met again at Windsor t)i„ i.f c * -l , 

before the e„rl .f ,u »^>ndsoi, the 1st September, 1548, and 

before the end of the year presented the new Prayer-book to the 



king to be laid before Parliament. It was ordered to be taken into 
use on and after the Feast of Pentecost (June 9tli) in the following 

(66) "^n Chantryes and such other." All colleges, chantries, 
and free chapels were given to the king by Act of Parliament, 
1 Edward YI., c. 14. 
A^ Dm. ^67) "Antyphoners, Grayles, legends, Masbokes." The Antiphon 
was an Anthem or Psalm sung alternately by a choir or congregation, 
divided into two parts, and is the most ancient form of church music. 
The xintiphonarium contained the Antiphons sung in the services of 
the Hours, arranged for the respective days and hours : it gradually 
collected other portions, the invitatories, hymns, responses, verses, 
collects, and little chapters, i.e., the portions sung in the Service of 
the Canonical Hours. 

The Grayle, or Gradale, or Graduale, was the " Antiphon arium" for 
the Service of High Mass, containing the portions to be sung by the 
choir, and was so called from certain phrases after the Epistles, suno- 
" in gradibus.'' 

The Legends or Legenda contained the Lections read at the Matin 
Offices, whether taken from Scripture, Homilies of the Fathers, or 
Lives of the Saints. — Procter. 

The Mass Book contained the Service of the Holy Eucharist. In 
1542 a Committee of Convocation was appointed to examine and 
reform all Mass Books, Antiphoners, and Portuisses or Breviaries. 
(The Breviary contained the several Services for the Canonical 
Hours: — 1, Nocturns, used before daylight; 2, Lauds, early morning; 
3, Prime, a later Morning Service ; 4, Tierce, at nine o'clock a.m. ; 
5, Sext, at noon ; 6, Nones, at three o'clock p.m. ; 7, Vespers, or 
Evening Service). All mention of the Bishop of Rome's name, all 
apocryphas, feigned legends, superstitious orations, collects, versicles, 
and responses, names and memories of all Saints not mentioned in 


churchwardens' accounts 

Scripture, or authentical doctors (what judge was to decide wlio were 
" authentical doctors" and who were not, it seems difficult to 
understand), were to be abolished and put out of the same books and 
calendars. In 1549 appeared another Royal Proclamation, which 
aimed at destruction itself. After reciting that a Book of Common 
Prayer had been agreed upon and commanded to be used throughout 
the realm, it goes on to say that ''dyvers unquyette and evile 
disposed persons had noysed and bruited abrode, that they sholde have 
agajTie their olde Lattene Service;" we therefore ''have thought 
goode, and neverthelesse straightly to commaunde and charge you 
(the Bishops) that immediately upon the receipt hereof, you do 
commaunde the deane and prebendaries of the cathedrall Churche, 
the parson, vicar, or curatte, and churchewarden of everie parishe 
within youre diocesse, to bring and deliver unto you or your deputie, 
at soche convenient place as you shall appoynt, all antiphoners, 
missales, gravies, processionalles, manuells, legendes, pies (a jne, 
pye, or pica is the Romish directory for devotional services), 
portasies, jornalles and ordinalles, and all other bokes of service, and 
that you take the same bokes into your handes, and then so deface 
and abolyshe that they never after may serve to anie soche use as 
they were provided for." The havoc was terrible. Monasteries were 
suppressed and their libraries destroyed; churches and private 
houses were ransacked. Ships laden with these books carried them 
over sea. Candlesticks were scoured and boots rubbed with them • 
grocers and soapboilers made use of them, a single merchant buyino- 
two noble libraries for forty shillings a piece. The wild passions of 
Edward's days knew not their value, nor thought of the reo-ret with 
which after ages would feel their loss. — Maskcll. 

(68) - Y^ Chapell of y^ Beck." See note 59, ante, p. 112. 

(69) ''Y^' Towne Carre lyeng w^in y'^^ p^cyncts of Betele." Carr 
is a wood or grove on a swampy soil, generally of alders ; probably 



from Gael, ''garan," a thicket, also underwood. Wei. ^'car^," a 
thicket, brake (Nail's Glossary). Blomefield, in Hist, of Nor/., 
speaks of an ''alder carr." 

(70) '^Y*^ stocks." This is the first mention of stocks in the 
parish. In 1551, it will be seen that a new "payer" had to be 
supplied "to punysshe w^ trasgressours Ageynste y^ Kyngs Maiesties 

(71) "Ye settyng forthe of y« Soudyours of Northelmhm ^ 
others." This was the year (1549) of Ket's Rebellion. Twelve 
men of Elmham were equipped out of the Church Fund with 
bows, arrows, swords, and daggers, and sent forth to the camp at 
Mousehold Heath, on the north side of Norwich, where they formed 
a part of the Hundred of Launditch contingent. One of them 
returned home "hurt at y'ffyrste skyrmysshe." Eight are mentioned 
as tarrying at the camp, and, no doubt, were present on the 27th 
August, when the rebels were routed. The cause of the rising 
was as follows : — The depreciation of the currency had been followed 
by its necessary consequence, a proportionate advance in the price 
of saleable commodities. The value of land rose with the value of 
produce. Rents of farms had been doubled and tripled in the course 
of a few years ; but the wages of the working classes were not raised 
in proportion. The demand for labour was lessened, and, therefore, 
the price of labour sank. Experience had proved that the growth of 
wool was more profitable than the growth of corn, and the result 
was that the tillage of the soil was discouraged, and more j^asture 
was created. In most counties thousands of labourers were out of 
work, and the distress which followed was increased by the doings of 
the landlords. In former times, especially on ecclesiastical estates, 
considerable portions of land were allotted for the common use of the 
labourers and the poor. The present owners, however, by repeated 
enclosures, added wastes and commons to farms, thus cuttinor ofi" a 

K 2 




Scripture, or authentical doctors (what judge was to decide who were 
" authentical doctors" and who were not, it seems difficult to 
understand), were to be abolished and put out of the same books and 
calendars. In 1549 appeared another Royal Proclamation, which 
aimed at destruction itself. After reciting that a Book of Common 
Prayer had been agreed upon and commanded to be used throughout 
the realm, it goes on to say that ''dyvers unquyette and evile 
disposed persons had noysed and bruited abrode, that they sholde have 
agayne their olde Lattene Service;" we therefore ''have thought 
goode, and neverthelesse straightly to commaunde and charge you 
(the Bishops) that immediately upon the receipt hereof, you do 
commaunde the deane and prebendaries of the cathedral! Churche, 
the parson, vicar, or curatte, and churchewarden of everie parishe 
within youre diocesse, to bring and deliver unto you or your deputie, 
at soche convenient place as you shall appoynt, all antiphoners, 
missales, grayles, processionalles, manuells, legendes, pies (a pie, 
pye, or pica is the Bomish directory for devotional services), 
portasies, jornalles and ordinalles, and all other bokes of service, and 
that you take the same bokes into your handes, and then so deface 
and abolyshe that they never after may serve to anie soche use as 
they were provided for." The havoc was terrible. Monasteries were 
suppressed and their libraries destroyed; churches and private 
houses were ransacked. Ships laden with these books carried them 
over sea. Candlesticks were scoured and boots rubbed with them ; 
grocers and soapboilers made use of them, a single merchant buying 
two noble libraries for forty shillings a piece. The wild passions of 
Edward's days knew not their value, nor thought of the regret with 
which after ages would feel their loss.— MaskelL 

(68) - Y^ Chapell of y^ Beck." See note 59, ante, p. 112. 
69 ''Y'^ Towne Carre lyeng wUn y^' p^cyncts of Betele." Carr 
is a wood or grove on a swampy soil, generally of alders ; probably 



from Gael, ''garan," a thicket, also underwood. Wei. *'car5," a 
thicket, brake (Nail's Glossary). Blomefield, in Hist, of Nor/., 
speaks of an ''alder carr." 

(70) "Y^ stocks." This is the first mention of stocks in the 
parish. In 1551, it will be seen that a new "payer" had to be 
supplied "to punysshe w^ trasgressours Ageynste y^ Kyngs Maiesties 

(71) "Ye settyng forthe of y*^ Soudyours of North elmhm ^ 
others." This was the year (1549) of Ket's Bebellion. Twelve 
men of Elmham were equipped out of the Church Fund with 
bows, arrows, swords, and daggers, and sent forth to the camp at 
Mousehold Heath, on the north side of Norwich, where they formed 
a part of the Hundred of Launditch contingent. One of them 
returned home "hurt at y^'ffyrste skyrmysshe." Eight are mentioned 
as tarrying at the camp, and, no doubt, were present on the 27th 
August, when the rebels were routed. The cause of the rising 
was as follows : — The depreciation of the currency had been followed 
by its necessary consequence, a proportionate advance in the price 
of saleable commodities. The value of land rose with the value of 
produce. Rents of farms had been doubled and tripled in the course 
of a few years ; but the wages of the working classes were not raised 
in proportion. The demand for labour was lessened, and, therefore, 
the price of labour sank. Experience had proved that the growth of 
wool was more profitable than the growth of corn, and the result 
was that the tillage of the soil was discouraged, and more pasture 
was created. In most counties thousands of labourers were out of 
work, and the distress which followed was increased by the doings of 
the landlords. In former times, especially on ecclesiastical estates, 
considerable portions of land were allotted for the common use of the 
labourers and the poor. The present owners, however, by repeated 
enclosures, added wastes and commons to farms, thus cutting off a 

K 2 


churchwardens' accounts 

valuable source of support from the poor. Lands were frequently 
let to ''leasemongers," or middlemen, at advanced rents, who 
oppressed both farmer and cottager to benefit themselves. The new 
form of religion, too, added to the discontent. The new proprietors 
of Church lands paid less attention to the wants of the poor, w^ho 
complained that not only were they worse off temporarily, but were 
compelled to practise a religion alien to their feelings and habits. 
The new Service seemed but dead and dull after the music and 
ceremony of the High Mass. So sorely aggrieved were the people, that^ 
upon the new Liturgy being read in the Church of Samf ord Courtenay, 
Devon, on AYhitsunday (10th June, 1549), the next day the par- 
ishioners compelled the clergyman to resume the old Service. Thus 
matters combined for a serious rising. Wiltshire, Sussex, Surrey, 
Hampshire, Buckinghamshire, Kent, Gloucestershire, Somersetshire, 
Suffolk, Essex, Warwickshire, Hertfordshire, Leicestershire, Wor- 
cestershire, and Rutlandshire rose in revolt, which, after giving no 
inconsiderable trouble to the authorities, was quelled. In Oxfordshire, 
however, IsTorfolk, Cornwall, and Devonshire, the rising assumed 
a more dangerous shape. It was only suppresed by aid of foreign 
troops, bands of adventurers raised in Italy, Spain, and Germany to 
serve in the war against Scotland. In Norfolk the first rising was at 
Attleborough, and, though contemptible in its origin it became the 
nucleus round which the discontented of the neighbouring parishes 
ranged themselves. Ket,* a tanner, and the lord of three manors in 
the county, became the leader. He planted his standard on the 
summit of Mousehold Hill, near Norwich, and erected for himself a 
throne, under a spreading oak, which he called the Oak of Reforma- 

* ]Mr. Rye, in his interesting Histonj of Norfolk, says that the Kets were an old 
and fairly wealthy family at Wy mondham . Thomas Ket, in 1570, betrayed the 
conspiracy against the Norwich Strangers, and Francis Ket, in 1588, was burnt for 
blaspheming Christ. 



tion, and established Courts of Chancery, King's Bench, and Common 
Pleas, in imitation of the Courts at Westminster. In his proclama- 
tions he complained that the commons were being ground down by 
the rich; that a new Service had been forced on people, opposed to 
their consciences; and declared, that if he and his people had taken 
up arms, it was only to place trusty counsellors round the king 
during his minority, and to remove those ''who confounded things 
sacred and profane, and regarded nothing but the enriching of 
themselves with the public treasure, that they might riot in it during 
the public calamity." Obeyed by 20,000 followers, he treated all 
offers of pardon with scorn ; and when the Marquis of Northampton 
had entered Norwich with 1000 English horse and a body of Italians 
under Malatesta, he attacked the city, set one part on fire, killed the 
Lord Sheffield and an hundred men, and compelled the Marquis 
and his followers to retire out of the county. The Council, alarmed, 
re-called the troops from Scotland; and the gentlemen of the 
neighbouring counties were ordered by royal proclamation to join 
the king's forces. The command was given first to the Protector 
Somerset, and afterwards to the Earl of Warwick. He, with 8,000 
men, of whom 2,000 were Germans, forced his way into Norwich, 
but so incessant were the attacks of Ket's men, and so lavish were 
they of their lives, that they often drove the gunners from their 
batteries, burst open the gates, and fought with the soldiers in the 
streets. The Earl commanded his men to swear on their swords that 
they would never abandon the place, and at length was able to 
dislodge the enemy from their positions of vantage. Compelled by 
want of provisions, Ket descended the hill. In Dussingdale he was 
overtaken by the Royal army, his followers were broken by a cavalry 
charge, and about 2,000 perished in the action and pursuit. The 
remainder, however, surrounded themselves with a rampant of 
waggons and a trench fortified with stakes, and to an offer of pardon 





replied that tHey knew the fate which awaited them, and that it was 
better to perish by sword than by halter. The Earl of Warwick, 
however, still apprehensive of the result, persuaded them to accept 
the conditions, and the insurrection ended in the hanging of Ket on 
Norwich Castle, his brother on the steeple of Wymondham Church, 
and of nine others on the nine branches of the Oak of Reformation. 
To these events we owe the appointment of Lords Lieutenants of 
Counties, to whom were entrusted the duties of inquiring into 
treason, insurrections, and riots, with authority to levy men and lead 
them against the enemies of the king. (See Lingard's Hist. Eng., 
5th ed., vol. v., pp. 284 to 291.) 

The account of the setting forth of the Elmham men in the 
Churchwardens' Book is very interesting. One Richard Watson 
appears to have been in command of the company, and the parish 
constable went with them to the camp. The Church Fund, besides 
equipping them with arms, supplied carts, and horses, and harness; 
and a plentiful stock of provisions was ordered, such as firkins of 
"beare," ^^garleck," ^'oynnyngs" (onions), ''salt," '^bredd," "£Pysshe^^ 
(fish), ''musterd,'^ &c., &c. While the bread-winners were away, 
their wives were not forgotten at home. 

(72) '^M'-^ vycar And other Co^raaded to be before y« kyngs 
Co^myssyoners." This and the following entry no doubt refer to 
the ordering of the new service. "My lord of Canterburye" is 
Archbishop Cranmer. 

(73) '^ye iiye Aulter." The High Altar appears now to have 
been removed, and set up table- wise in the midst of the choir. The 
"Aulter stone" was taken away, and a ''mynystryng" table, which 
would seem to have been in addition to the Altar, was provided. 

(74) - Ye Saulter boks, ^c." The Act of Uniformity, 2 and 3 
Edw. VL, c. 1. 

A' Dm. 

A Dm. 

A Dm. 

75) ^'Y*^ bokes of y^ old s^ruyce." "M^ Vicar" is again ordered 
to appear before the Commissioners, who sat this time at Litcham, 
and to bring with him all the old books, i.e., the Missals and Service 
Books to be given up by order of Council, December, 1549. 

(76) ''Itfh for A payer of Stocks." See note 70, p. 117. 

(77) "S^rten holes in y^' walls of the Chansell." Where, 
perhaps, the High Altar and the Sepulchre had been. 

(78) '< Itfh for y'' setyng of A longe forme, (jc." After the 
Altar was brought down into the choir the communicants sat round 
it on a form during the celebration of the Holy Communion. 

(79) '« A Stulppe." Stulp ; a short, stout post, used to mark a 
boundary, or driven into the ground for any purpose. —Webster's 


(80) " Yerdells." East Anglian for the hooks which rest upon 
the hinges of a gate. They are of two kinds, short and long 

ver dells. 

(81) " The fViUs of y'' monye." The depreciation of money this 
year (1552) causes a loss in the Church Accounts of £2. 10.<. lid. 
Mr. Carthew thinks that this was owing to the Act of Parliament 
forbidding usury. Another reason may have been the debasing of 
the currency, begun by Henry YIII., and repeated by the Protector 
Somerset on even a more damaging scale. 

(82) '< Y^' olde wall." Mr. Carthew is of opinion that this wall had 
possibly some connection with Bishop Spencer's Castle, the ruins of 
which are close by, on the north side of the Church. 

(83) " An Inuentarye of y" Chyrche goods." The second Prayer- 
book of Edward YI. 

(84) " Y^' booke of y^' new s^ruys." The second Prayer-book of 
Edward YI. A revision of the first Prayer-book having been 
now (1552) ordered, a second Act of Uniformity, with the revised 
book (commonly called the second book of Edward) attached, 


A" Dm, 




was passed by Parliament on April 6th, and was directed to come 
mto use on the Feast of All Saints following. There is no pTo 
that 1 ever received the sanction of Convocation, though it is 
unl,kely that Grander would have permitted it to ap;ear in 
rarhament without it. ^^ 

Carthew says that the commissions issued, in 1551, to seize the 
jewels and nch vestments of the churches into the king' hand 
were^so d.shonestly executed that other commissions were ipoinla 

>'««• " A» Dm 1556." During the reign of Queen Marv the 
accounts are entered in the Churchwardens' Look for this vear t ly 
he precedmg years, 1554 and 1555, are omitted. Mary succeeded 
to the Crown m July, 1553, and in the October folIowL an Act 

rusr^thX?:? Sy^niT '^ s^t; -' r- ^ 

e; should be at liberty 2 ^L D^f tTl t^^ tt 
old or the new service. After that date the old ser ce wa 

zr^' '"^''-'- '''' - ^'^ ^- - of the^ Mai: 

taZ:" Elltm t:.'°°'^'" ''■' ''^ '-' ' -' --- "for ellmh. 

(®S^ " Questmen— the generall." There is in inf^.n.f 
illustrating these two words in Toulmin S^ t^^s t SHI^ 
.ded.t.on^ He says, "As Sidesmen are often mon^^ t!t e^: 
.ith Churchwardens, this is the proper place to remark that at 
of what has more lately been reckoned as one duty of t 7 hu I 
wardens-the making of presentments-was formerlv that of h 
oiaesmen onl\ . Ihe authority of Ei'^hn-n r;h. 



A Dm. 

were, by their original office, only to take care of the goods, repairs, 
and ornaments of the church, for which purpose they have been 
reputed a Body Corporate for many hundred years, as appears by 
the Ancient Register of Writs. But the business of presenting was 
devolved upon them by Canons and Constitutions of a more modern 
date. The ancient method was not only for the clergy, but the 
body of the people within such a district to appear at Synods, or, 
as we now call them. General Visitations (for what we now call 
Visitations were really the annual Synods). And the way was, to 
select a certain number to give information upon oath concerning 
the manners of the people. But afterwards when the body of the 
people began to be excused from attending, it was directed that four, 
six, or eight should appear, together with the clergy, to represent the 
rest, and to be the testes si/nodaies," that is Synodsmen. " And this," 
says he, *' is evidently the original of that office which our Canons call 
the Office of Sidesmen, or assistants — sometimes Questmen." 

According to this, the ^' queste men " would be those elected to 
answer the Archdeacon's '' quest " or enquir}- at the S^^nod as to 
the spiritual condition of the parish in the matter of immorality 
and other offences which came under the cognizance of his court. 

(89) '^ Y*^ englyshe books." These were removed because the 
Service in Latin was now again in use. 

(90) " James Taverner." lie was the fifth son of John Taverner 
of North Elmham, and was of Hadlands in the same parish, and 
died in 1604, having married Grace, daughter and heir of John 
Russell of Wyghton, Norfolk, and relict of Edmund Bedingfield. 
For some account of this ancient family, I will refer the reader to 
the Elmham (1538) Register, lately published. James Taverner 
bore a notorious and conspicuous part in Elmham affairs. 

(91) ''Stone Caryeng from thp tcwer." Bishop Spencer's Castle, 
the ruins of which were no doubt further dismantled for the purpose 




t be, as can be gleaned of this is very interesting. \t was knoln 
m early as 2V. P^ace. or site of the Manor of Nowers, in 
Elmham. Two ongmal charters in the „.uniment-room of Elmham 
Hall temp. Edw. I. and II., are endorsed respectively: (1) "This 
Deyde eonteyj:eth r/. P^.. in . . . in occupat Thome Franklyn 

modo vocat le grange dni Henrici Crumwell ; " and (2) "This is 
the dede of the very mansion house of Roger llartyn ailed ne 
P/aee .n Elmham which Franklyn occupieth)." To which is added 

de feodo isoeres. In 1867, when the present writer was appointed 
to the pansh, all that was left of the ruins of this mansion fhe site 

til /T ' '''' "' '""^ ^■^"-"' ^'''^'' -- « P-«- of a 

tower and a few pieces of old wall just standing above ground. He 

has at length succeeded in excavating, partly with his own hands 

wb.t appears to be the whole building. A castle has risen from the' 

soil. Blomefield, m his Eut. No,-/., says, "In the 11th year of Rich II 

Henry Spencer, Bishop (of .Norwich), had a license to embattle ai d 

make a castle of his manor-house.- The name has now under^oi e 

mt°'The'' TT 'Tr" '"°"" "^ ^"' '''"''' ^"' - «- T:wer 
HiUs^ The outside walls are evidently of very great age, and one 

..ul venture to think long anterior to Bishop ipencer' 'time. 

end of the fourteenth century, indeed it is difficult to say ho^ far 

back they may not be traced. Mr. Carthew was of opinion that 

here was an Episcopal residence here at a much earlier da tha 

the time of Henry Spencer, who simply enlarged and strengthened 

the building. It IS not unlikely that some of the Elmham bishops 

inhabited it Portions of the walls and of the stone-work s fl 

Stan mg m the interior evidently point to the fourteenth centu y 

but the greater part of the exterior gives one the impression o 

much grea er age. During the excavations, many curi us obiects 

came to light. Human skulls and bones were found almost to ny 



amount; one skull was mortared into the wall; three skeletons 
were in layers above each other, one of them having the arm bones 
extended upwards. Was it that the poor wretch had undergone 
the agonies of the rack? Several yellow, black, and plain tiles, 
with the glazing very perfect ; pieces of stained glass, some having 
a bishop's mitre very rudely designed upon them ; deer's tynes, 
two large thimbles, one copper and the other brass ; part of a terra 
cotta Roman lamp (the site of the castle is on a Eoman encampment, 
and Roman bricks and tiles appear in the walls) ; an old spur, the 
copper leg of what appears to have been a crucible, a dagger which 
came to pieces as soon as exposed to the air, and tradesmen's 
tokens temp. Elizabeth— all these have been discovered at one time 
or another with various fragments of media3val pottery. 

Henry le Spencer, commonly known as the warrior Bishop of 
Norwich, was consecrated in 1370, and was a man of some note, 
though by no means in all respects note-worthy. He was a soldier 
before he became a Bishop, and, after donning the mitre, the spirit 
of a soldier still possessed him, and could not be extinguished. Mr. 
Walter Rye speaks of him as ''the grandson of the vile favourite 
of Edward IT." Like the charger which he bestrode, he was ever 
snuffing the battle from afar, and to gather together his retainers 
and speed forth on some military expedition, or quell some popular 
disturbance, came to him as the ordinary routine of his life. The 
imposition of the poll tax in 1381 was the cause of no little 
opposition, and its resistance resulted eventually in the determination 
that "no tenant should do service or custom to the lords." The 
rebellion was led in the eastern counties by one John Litester, 
generally supposed to have been a Norwich dyer, and the chief 
aiders and abettors were Seth, Trunch, and Cubit. Success was 
first of all upon the side of the rioters, who compelled the Earl 
of Suffolk to fly in disguise, and put certain of the gentry whom 



they captured to menial offices. No sooner, however did th. 

au.e .and. ^:^^:z:i:::::;^;^^:^r-f 

rebels retired on Nnrth w^i i, , ^ -^ '^^^^ tjt'ncr}. iiie 

bishop's flank So fo. T T *"'" '^''^°*' *"™ed the 

doors, table, and such 7k ^ '' ^ "^ "^ ^'''•^°^^' ^'^'^"^". 

though to ;:;e h : je„ fiih:"' '° r'^ ^ '""■'^^^^^ ^"'^' - 

their rear with theL d; cfr Tho7tr " ' '''' ''°'''' "^ 
we know but litflp • .11 J ^''' '^™P ^"» stormed 

back over the tvonoh < r. ' r / ' hashing on horse- 

to death, then piously £.,>;„,> V u 7 ^ condemning him 

, ^" P'""sij giving him absolut on and ki'nrlN. 1 iv 
his head as he was dra-^ed to an imr. , ' ""''.^t'^'^'j ''o^^ing up 
,f HI-, "nn'-^'- to an immediate sribbet- Iinf ;„ „ -i 

of all kindness, seeing him hanop^ . / , , 'P'*^ 

efficaciously. A good, Ld ToldieT'^t SpL r^^tuth "t '''' 
present idea of a bishop or an honest man-pos! 'blv "of ^ ""■ 
a man or as good a citizen as the handed rebel t l '' ^'^ 
find him impeached and found .uiltvln P , "^""'^^ ^^ 

bribes from the French nd d! f ^ ^.^ Parliament of accepting 
persecutions of the Ldlards ''^'"""'^"^'"^ ^™-" by .ealous 



'' The scene of the massacre, and possibly of Litester^s execution, 
was on the Norwich side of North Walsham, whither, no doubt, 
most of the rebels were driven out by the bishop's rush from the 
Antingham side of the town. The shaft of a stone cross still stands 
in the crook of the road to mark the spot. ' They dew say a mazin 
lot of men are buried in that pightle,' as a rustic once told me." 

The Bishop died 23rd August, 1406; and was buried in Norwich 

^ Another account says :— Henry Spencer was appointed Bishop of 

Norwich 1370, and was distinguished for his warlike propensities, 

and acquired the title of the -fighting Bishop." With great 

promptitude and resolution he put down the insurgents in ^East 

Anglia (1381), as general leading his men to the attack, sitting in 

judgment on prisoners, and ministering to them as priest before 

execution. Armed with full Papal authority by Urban YI. for a 

crusade against his rival Clement VII., Spencer engaged to serve 

a year against France, the supj^orter of Clement, and passed into 

Flanders early in 1388 with 5000 men-at-arms and archers. He 

took Gravelines and massacred the inhabitants, defeated an army of 

1200 men, entered Dunkirk, and became master of the coast as' far 

as Sluys. Failing, however, the expected reinforcements, he retired 

from the siege of Ypres, and returned to England. He was charged 

in Parliament^ with taking a bribe from the French (which \e 

disproved), and with returning before his time of service was 

ended, and was deprived of his temporalities till he paid damages 

to the king. At a later period he showed his animosity to the 

Lollards, and swore that if any of Wickliff's preachers came into his 

diocese he would burn or behead them.— Cates' Dicthnanj of General 


02> "Itm to M' Coke for Councell." It is difficult to say who 
this Mr. Coke may have been, but it is quite possible that he was 



[A^ Dm. 


Robert Coke, or Cooke, who resided at Mileham, and married 

ilL^f w t;4?"7r ''-'-'' " ''''- ^'^^'^- - ^^^ 

ecember, 1543. They were married in the Church of S Peter 
Kn.ghtley had a house not far from the church. Mr Robert Cooke 

or!!ller7aM?' T'"V' ''' "'''"''^•" Th^Rood-loft wasaloft 
or gallery at the chancel entrance, upon which the rood or cross and 
Its appendages were set up. From it brief, nJf.f 
cations, and other notices Lre read 1 ^^ c^d r^; Erb^tT",; 

rrirm"' rr '- '- ~^' - tis rs -r 

m i^.lmham Church and many others bv snwmo. fl.. . 

^ 1 • " ^'^^'^^^j i^j bciwinof tne screens nc;nnr7oT' 

ahng away the top and Wing the base, in o^der that he^milht 
be something left to divide the chancel from the navo 
, . ' "ItffifortheXComandyments." A commission was issued 
to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners in 1.561, directing them . o Tst 

keeping of chancels, and to order the Commandments to be set ud 
at the east end of the chancel, to be not only read for ed^ It on' 
but also to gu-e some comely ornament and den>o„stration that tT: 
-me .s a place of religion and prayer."-CardweIl, Z)^;! '/; 
This order respecting the Commandments was repeated n the 
a^ert.sements of 1564, when they are directed to be "set up on h 
east wall^over t e sa.d table," i.e., the Communion table. ' 

I.unction":iaStT Z:^^:; 156^ ""' *" '''^^'^ 
Coun .W ''"' ''"'' '' ''' ''^- '-'^■" ^ P^-™-' - the 
'»" " A newe saulter." The version used in the Psalter is the 



A' Dm. 

A Dm. 

old translation of the Bible — that of Tj'ndale and Coverdale (1535) 
and Eogers (1537) — which was revised by Cranmer (1539), and 
published in a large volume, and placed in the churches with the 
roval sanction. The other portions of Scripture in the Prayer-book 
were taken from the last translation, at the revision in 1661. But 
the old Psalter was not altered : the choirs were accustomed to it, and 
its language was considered to be more smooth and fit for song. The 
custom of singing the Psalms is undoubtedly primitive. — Procter. 

(98) '' The newe homelye booke." The first book of Homilies, 
printed by Richard Grafton, was issued the 31st July, 1547, the first 
year of Edward VI. A new edition was ordered to be published by 
Elizabeth in 1562, in which the Queen ''straitly chargeth all parsons, 
vicars, curates, and all other having spiritual cure, every Sunday 
and Holy day in the year, at the ministering of the Holy Communion, 
or if there be no Communion ministered that day, yet after the Gospel 
and Creed, in such order and place as is appointed in the Book of 
Common Prayer, to read and declare to their parishioners plainly 
and distinctly one of the said Homilies, &c." An edition of the second 
part of the Homilies was printed by Jugge and Cawood in 1563. 
The entry above seems to refer to this last. Farther on in 1568, is 
an entry " for the frst tome of homilies ^ the quiens Iniunctyons." 

(99) " office Lond of the tehte fos?." Office land of the tenement 
called " Foster's." It seems that in ancient times pieces of land 
were appropriated to different parochial offices. These were either 
granted or bequeathed by certain donors, or were set apart by the 
assent and consent of the Township for the purpose. They 
were either held by the parochial officers themselves, or were let by 
the churchwardens ; and the rents applied to the different salaries of 
the officials concerned. Thus we find a piece of land in Stuston 
called ''Constable Acre," and in Framlingham, ''Constable Pasture;" 
also " Dog Whipper's Land " in Barton Turf. The Dog Whipper 

• ^ «• 




was an important church officer in former days. Whether more curs 
abounded then than now I know not; perhaps so, as dog licenses were 
then in the far distance ; at all events the breed has not decreased. 
The Dog Whippers' duties consisted of (according to many entries 
in Elmham Churchwardens' books) '' wiping y^ Dogges out of y^ 
Churche" during the hours of Divine Service, and for this he 
received 4s. per annum, paid quarterly. 

Mr. Gomme in Village Community seems to be of opinion that 
before the historical period, when the first Aryans or Teutons came, 
they found a race whom they subjected to menial offices, and to 
them belonged of right the pieces of land called after their offices. 
He says: "At Aston, and in a minor degree at Malmesbury, we 
have already noticed that some of the villagers were set apart as 
village servants, paid for out of village lands, and regarded as a 
necessary part of the village system. Everywhere in India these 
servants belong to a low caste, non-Aryan race, and everywhere they 
help to make the Indian village communities self-supporting and 
independent of each other." Again: "Field allotments for village 
servants form a valuable portion of our early municipal history. 
The aldermen of Nottingham were paid by an allotment of the 
seventh part of a meadow to each, called the alderman's part.'* 
Among a number of instances he mentions that at Ashbury the 
'' berebrat " * held a yardland ; at Darent near Rochester the beadle 
held five acres as beadle, shepherd, and hay ward ; and the smith at 
Chalgrave had an acre of meadow, called Sundacre. 

(100, '^^i'^ straunge." This must have been Hamon le Straunge, 
of Hunstanton, who, at this time (1566), was lord of the manor of 

(101, ^< s9 j^j^j^ franckelin, clerke." Mr. Carthew, in Hundred of 
Launditch, says:^"By deed dated 4th May, 34 Eliz., John Franklyn, 

♦ The Saxon desi Ration of the gamier or keeper of the granary. 





A^ Dm. 

A Dm. 
1560 to 

late of Wangford, Suffi, Clk., son and heir of Eichard Franklyn, 
late of North Elmham, dec, in confirmation of a feoffinent made by 
his father to Will. Franklyn, now of Rollsby, Gent., brother of 
s"^ John, released all right in lands in Elmham, late of s*^ Richard." 

(102) (f M^ goggeneye." The Goggeneyes came of an ancient 
family. The will of Robert Goggeneye, of Brisley, bears date 8th 
Oct., 1505. John Goggeneye, A° 37 Hen. YIIL, settled lands in 
Beetlev on himself and Alice his wife, and the heirs of their bodies. 
Ap 4 and 5 Phil, and Mary, after the death of Edmund, his father, 
he succeeded to lands in Brisley, which he devised to Alice his wife, 
for life, with remainder to Symon his son, in fee, and was dead before 
the 26th July, 1557. This Symon is no doubt the "M^ Goggeneye" 
mentioned above. The Elmham Register contains the burial of his 
son Symon in 1578, and of his daughter Frances in 1579. 

(103) ^« M^ cleres balye." The Cleres or Clares also sprang from 
an ancient family. In the 18th year of Edw. IV., certain messuages, 
lands, and foldcourses in North Elmham were enfeofied to Richard 
Southwell, Esq., Robert Clare, Esq., and others ; and on the 8th Feb., 
24 Eliz., a writ was directed to Sir Edw. Clere, Knt., '' ad inquirend 
post mortem Hamonde Lestrange nup de Hunstanton, Ar., defunct," 
concerning the tenure of certain lands, some of them lying in Elmham. 

(104) '< J^x*-^ taverSs close." The owner of this close was no doubt 
James Taverner. See note 90, p. 123. 

(105) ^i X calender to the service booke." On Januarv 22nd, 
1561, Queen Elizabeth issued a Commission to Matthew Parker, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, and others, directing them ^' to peruse 
the order of the said Lessons throughout the whole year, and to cause 
some new calendars to be imprinted, whereby such chapters or parcels 
of less edification may be removed, and other more profitable may 
supply their rooms." In this Calendar the names of most of the 
saints were inserted which find a place in our present Prayer-book. 





A°Dm. (106) "Accordinge to the statwte." Toulmin Smith's Parish, 

^^^^ 1571 P* 2^^-^^^' ^^^^^'^ ^^^^ ^^^ s^^^^^® 24 Hen. YIII., cap. 10. 
lie says, " There used to be a Committee in every Parish for 
the destruction of noyfull fowles and vermyn." By the above 
statute a rate was to be laid to raise a sum of money to be dis- 
tributed to the destrovers of vermin. '' For the heads of 3 old 
rooks, or 6 young rooks, L/. ; for the heads of every fox or gray 
(a badger), 12^/.; for the heads of every polecat or wildcat, Id." 

C107) *'The towne net." I conclude this was a net for catching 
rooks. A few entries on, the parish is fined for " the towne neate." 
This means, no doubt, the town " cattle,'' which had probably done 
damage by straying. ''Neate" = cattle, used sometimes to be spelled 
"net," as, for instance, the " IN'etmarket," or cattle market, in 
Norwich. It is doubtful if ^' net " (in its proper sense) waB ever 
spelled " neate." 

(108) <' The Sawnce bell." The Sance, Sanctus, or Sacring Bell. 
The little bell rung at the Elevation of the Host, or when It is 
approaching in procession through the streets. Now called Sanctus 
Bell, from the words " Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus Deus Sabaoth." 
The word is derived from the French sacrer, and the old English 
verb sacre, to consecrate. *' He heard a little sacring bell ring to 
the elevation of a to-morrow mass." — Reginald Scott's Discovery of 
Witchcraft, 1584. " The sacring of the kings of France." — Temple. 
See Brewer's Phrase and Fahle. 

(109) "S'-^ John Pecke.'^ He was Vicar of Elmham from 1541 
to 1559. 

("0) '' John Eluyche." See note 6, p. 93. 

(Ill) *'Y« plowlett." The plow light. I imagine this was the 
light burnt before the plow altar in the church, w^here husbandmen 
were wont to resort for the purpose of paying their devotions and 
making their votive offerings. 

A Dm. 



Acc6j)te : account 

Acr^: acre 

Af?: after 

Ageyst : against 

AUe : ale 

Allowans : allowance 

Alowyd : allowed 

Amcimct : amercement, fine 

A more sume : an additional sum 

Apere : appear 

Apll : April 

Apptaynyng : appertaining 

Arowes : arrows 

Arrerages: arrearages, arrears (of 

Aul?: altar 
Awncyent : ancient 

Badrycke, Bawdrick or Baldrick. 
From baudrier, a strap or 
girdle of leather fastened to 
a bell clapper 

Bafier : 
Beare : 

Bake : back 

Balye : bailiff, steward 



Bell-fonder : bell-founder 
Bell-soller : bell-chamber 
Beneth : beneath 
Ber, here : beer 
Beryng: bearing 
Besyds : besides 
B eying: being 
Bond, bourde: board, food 
Boords : boards, timber 
Borners: burners 
Botes : boots 
Bowt : bought 
Breke, bryke: brick 
Broke: broken 
Bruars : brewers 
Busshye: bushy 
Buttalls: abuttals, boundaries 







Butteres : buttresses 
BwU: bull 
Bye : by ; also buy 
Byeng: being , 

B3 : bushel 

C = WO,ie, '^Ctyles," 100 tiles 
Cadleraas: Candlemas 
Campyge-closse, capyng-closse : 

Carienge, caryyne : carrying 
Caryeg: carriage 
Casse : case 

Causye : causeway, patb 
Censors: censers, incense-yessels 
Certen, certeyne, c'^ten : certain 
Cbantryes : chantries. See note 

66, p. 115 
Chapitell, chapettle : capitular, i.e., 

Capitular Court, the Court of 

the Dean and Chapter 
Cha^sell: chancel 
Chyrchereues : churchreve, church 

officer or warden 
Clen : clean 
Clerystorys: clerestories, an upper 

story of windows rising clear 

above the adjoining parts of 

the church. 
Clooke : clock 
Cocernyng: concerning 

Coke : cook 

Color, collectour, colour : collector 
(of rents) 

Comaded: commanded 

Comb) : coombs. A coomb is a 
dry measure of four bushels, or 
half a quarter 

Como : common 

Comoly : commonly 

Comons, comos : commons, pro- 

Compenye, copenye : company 

Comunyo: communion 

Comyssary : commissary 

Contentacon: contentation, satis- 

Coopes: copes or capes 

Corpis x*^ gyld: Corpus Christi 

Costables: constables 

Costes : costs 

Cou : council 

Couenyet : convenient 

Couyng : covering 

Coveyyng : conveying 

Creistemas : Christmas 

Crocks ; earthern vessels 

Daggard : dagger 
Deate^ deete ; date 

Deliuid, deluid, delyiied, delyQyd: 

Deptyd: departed 
Donne : done 
Dore : door 
Drykyng : drinking 
Dyscrecon, dystrecon : discretion 
Diue^sse, dyu^se : diverse 

Eale : aisle 
Echo : each 
Elys: aisles 
Entens : intents 
Entre : enter 
Este : east 
Ester : Easter 
Euynsong : evensong 
Eu^y : every 
Euyn: even, evening 
Expes : expenses 
Exp^ssed: expressed 
Eyche : each 
Eyght: eight 

Faldgaate, falde gate, falgate : a 
gate across a public road to 
prevent cattle from straying on 
to other owners' property 

Fayn : fain, intended 

Fearme, fearme}, ferme : rent. 
See note 2, p. 91 

Fecheynge : fetching 

Feld, felde, ffuyld, ffyld : field, a 
tract of arable land belono-inij, 
under the feudal system, to the 
township, and which was for- 
merly divided in strips amongst 
the householders 

Felow, felowe, ffelow: fellow 

Fermour, ffermer : farmer 

Fersyng : ferzing, to go a f urz- 
ing or cutting furze on a com- 
mon, or heath, is an East 
Anglian expression 

Fete : feet 

Feyer stede : fair-sted, or a place 
where a fair is held 

-^^yy^g^ fyeing: fying, East 
Anglian for cleaning out. " To 
fay out " a ditch appears to be 
a very old word in common 
use in Cheshire, Yorkshire, &c., 
as well as East Anglia. Some 
say it is derived from forgire 
= purgare; others that it is 
Danish, i.e., feic, to sweep out 

Fote : foot 

Fowlde, ifould : fold, a fold-course 
was a piece of land where the 
lord of the manor exercised his 
right to compel his tenants to 
fold their sheep for the purpose 



of manuring the soil ; or where 

the tenants had a right to do 

the same 
flfayer : fair 
ffe : fee 
ffest : feast 
fiver : fire 
fiyrckyngs : firkins 
ffysshe : fish 

fiurres : furze, whin, gorse 
FoUvnn^e : folio wine? 
Folueth : followeth 
For gotyn : forgotten 
Fouhte, funte : font 
Fourme : form 
Fre : free 
Fro, fro' ; from 
Furder : further 
Fvnvsshvno: : finishino: 
Fysten: a tax, derived from "frist," 

to swagger or to try it on 

Gaat : gate 

Gaf, gafe, gaue, goofe, gyffe : 

Gage : gauge, measure 

Garde : garden 

Geer, gere : gear, the church 
linen, surplice, &c. 

Generall : general, the Arch- 
deacon's Court 

Geven, gyfne : given 

Goying : going 

Gracs: grace's, i.e.. His Grace's 

Grated: granted 

Gratte, grats, gts : grate, grates, 
a frame of parallel or cross 

Grauell : gravel 

Grauyg, grauyng, gvyng : grav- 
ing, i.e., cutting out 

Gresse : grease 

Grope : grip, a small ditch or 
furrow. Anglo-Saxon, grepe, 

Gudgions : gudgeons. A gudgeon 
is the piece of iron in the end 
of a wooden shaft ; it is that 
on which a bell hangs 

Hafe : have 

Hager : hanger, i.e., bell-hanger 

Ilangles, hengells, hegell : hinge, 

Hayer : hanger, a short, broad 

sword incurvated at the point. 
Heare: here 

Heith, hethe : heath, common 
Henge : hang 
Hepe : heap 
Her : here 





Herafr: hereafter 

Hemes : harness 

Hey Crosse : High Cross 

Heyred : hired 

Holde : holden, held 

Hole : whole 

Hoped: hooped 

Horsemete : horsemeat, provender 

Hs : his 

Hu'^dered, hundred : hundred 

Hy : him 

Hye : high 

Hvr : her 


Iniounccions, iniunctyons : in- 
Inuentarye, inuetarj^e : inventory 
loynctlye : jointly 
It : item 

Kye : kine, cows 
Kypyng: keeping 

La. : labourer 

Lacs : locks 

Latasyng : latticing, i.e., forming 

into open work like a lattice 
Laten : latten, a fine kind of brass 

or bronze 
Laten : letting, as applied to a 

house or land 

Lawnds : clothes, church linen, 

hence laundry 
Leadd, led, ledd, leed : lead (metal) 
Leyt : leet 
Leaton : let 
Lectorn : lectern 
Lestewayes : leastways 
Lether : leather 
Leuyed : levied 
Lev : lav 
Leying, leyyng, lyeing, lyyng: 

Lo ^. : londe fferme, rent of land 
Lode, lods, loode : load, loads 
Lond, londe : land 
Longyne, longyng : belonging 
Lynyng : linen 

M : mister 
Mad : made 
Malmesave : malmsev, wine used 

for the Holv Eucharist 
Man! : manner, also manor 
Mandv Thrvsdave: Maundy 

Thursday, from mandatum 

(Latin), a command 
Masbokes : mass-books 
Masvno- : mason 
Mattocke : mattock, a kind of 

pickaxe, having the iron ends 

broad instead of pointed 




M'-^che, marche : march (month of) 

M^'^cy : mercy 

M'' cyamet, mcyment : amercement, 
subject to a fine 

Meane : mean, unskilled 

Meas, mers, mes, measer : mercer 

Mcdyng : mending 

Mencyoned : mentioned 

Menor: manner, manure, soil. 
See note 8, p. 94 

Midsonl : midsummer 

M'''ket : market 

Moche : much 

Monethes : months 

Monstrans : monstrance, a trans- 
parent pyx or box, in which the 
consecrated wafer or host is 
held up to view before the 
congregation. See note 53, 
p. Ill 

jyr^s : mistress 

Mye L. : my lord 

Mynystryng : ministering 

Katvuvte : Nativity 
Keaded : needed 
Keate : neat, cattle 
Nether : lower 
Nourcenge : nursing 

Obyte : obit. See note 28, p. 101 

Ocke, ooks : oak, oaks 

Oop: up 

0^, ou'^, ow^ : our 

Ornamcts : ornaments 

Ou ; over 

Ought, owt, owte : out 

Ou seer : overseer 

Oynnyngs, oynyngs : onions 

Paier, payer : pair 

Pane : pan 

Pane : pave 

Paued : paved 

Paymct : payment 

Pcell : parcell 

Pchemet, pchemyn : parchment 

Pcke : park 

Pctor : proctor 

P^'^cynct : precinct 

Pece : piece 

Peyed : paid 

Pformed : performed 

Pfyghts : profits 

Placs : places 

Plat : plate 

Play^ly : plainly 

Plom^ : plumber 

Plowllett : plow light 

Pmyse : promise 

P yss} : premises 

P^r : prior 



Pore ; poor 

P'oures: prior's 

Ppetuytyes : perpetuities 

Ppre: proper 

P^sens: presents 

P^sent: present 

Psons : persons ; also parsons 

Pt, pte : part 

Ptes : parts 

Ptaynyng : pertaining 

Ptener : partner 

Pticlerlye : particularly 

3Te : price 
Pyllors : pillars 
Pysshe : parish 
Pyssheners : parishioners 
%st, p'^yst : priest 
Pytell: pightel or pightle, an 

enclosed piece of land, a little 

Pytt: pit 

Qrts: quarts 

Quer, quier, quyere : quire, 

Queste menes, queste mes : quest- 
men, churchwardens' assistants. 
See note 88, p. 122 

Quethode, quethod : quetheword, 
bequest, legacy 

Quiens; Queen's 

Rearags : arrears (of rent) 
Rec : receipts ; also received 
Eegist^: register 
Rekenyng : reckoning, delivery 

of accounts 
Relyques, relyquys: relics 
Remembrufis : remembrance 
Repacon : reparation 
Repaying : repairing 
Reste : rest, remainder 
Rivynge : riving, cutting 
Rochetts. See note 7, p. 93 
Rod : rode (on horseback) 
Rode : rod or rood 

Sacramct: sacrament 

Sawlters: psalters 

Sawnce: sance or sanctus. See 

note 108, p. 132 
Scaberd ; scabbard 
Sckyn : skin 
Se : see 

Seaynt, sent : saint 
Serten, s^tayn, s^ten : certain 
Seu all : several 
Seye : say 
Sex: six 
Sheos : shoes 
Shest, sheste : chest 
Shype : ship 
Shyrplys, syrples : surplice 



Skyrniysslie : skirmish 

Some, sufne : sum 

Somes : sums 

Send, sonde : sand 

Sones : son's 

Sooles : stools 

Sou^eyn : sovereign 

Sougtlie, sowthe : south 

Sowd : soder or solder 

Sowding : soldering 

Sowl : soul 

Sovdyor, sovdyour : soldier 

Spete : spit 

Spets: spits 

S rplusage : surplus 

Statwte : statute 

Staues : staves 

Stevers : stairs 

Steyned : stained, painted 

Sthetell : kettle 

Stok : stock, fund 

Stolers : stoners, i.e. , stone gatherers 

S^tyfycat : certificate 

S uant : servant 

S' uyng : serving 

Suffycyet : sufficient 

Suruevo^: surveyor 

Sutyme: sometime 

S^uyce: service 

S'^uyor : server 

Swerd : sword 

Sygne : sign 
Syguler : singular 
Syknes : sickness 
Sylu"^ : silver 

Tacle : tackle 

Taske : tax 

Tedyng : tending, attending to 

Teen : ten 

Tempre : temper 

Teh Paynott: Paynott's tenement 

Tehte fost^ : Foster's tenement 

Tery : tarry 

Testamet : testament 

Thacompte : the account 

Thalder : chaldron 

Than : then 

Tharca^gell, tharcangell : the 

Tharrerages : the arrears 
The^ : them, also then 
Thense, these : thence 
Ther : their, also there 
Thre : three 
Thuse : the use 
T^me : term 
To be stowe : to bestow 
Toke : took 
Towe : town 

Tragressours : transgressors 
Tre toppe : tree top 



Tybyr, tymbre : timber 

Vnce : Ounce 
Vntyll : until 
Voyle: viol 
Vytails: victuals 

Wags : wages 
Wasshyg : washing 
Wer : were 
Wha, whe : when 
Wheale : wheel 
Wher : where 
Wherw^ : wherewith 
Wheryn : wherein 
Whyghtson: Whitsun 
Whygt: white 
Whytlether : white leather 
Wodd, woodd, woode : wood 
Worckemashype, worckmashyp : 

W* : with 

W*in : within 
W^es: witness 
"Wydows ; windows 
"Wyer : wire 
Wyghtson : Whitsun 
Wyll: will 
Wyues : wives 

Yche : each 

Y^ : the, y = old Saxon th, p 

Yearrd, yerd: yard 

Yer, yere : year 

Y^™: them 

Y^^^: then 

Y^'^, y"^ : their, also there 

Yerne, Yron : Iron 

Y^^ y^ : this 

Yncomyng : incoming, income 

Ynstrumets : instruments 

Ys: is 

Yt: it 

Y^: that 




Alsehm : Aylsham 

Alyn : Allen 

Alys, Aly' : Alice 

An(Pson : Anderson 

Ane : Anne 

Annuncvacon : The Annunciation 

Annys : Agnes 

Bacche : Bache or Batche 
Baptyste : S. John the Baptist 
Bertvlmew : Bartholomew 
Bew^-^leve : Beverley 
Blackbro : Blackborough 
Blackhurn Fyrlong. The ter- 
mination hern, hum, or hyrne 
signifies a sharply angular 
field, i.e. a horn of land: Saxon, 
hyrne, a nook or corner. A 
furlong is a rectangular piece 
of land 220 yards in breadth. 
The early manors were so 
divided in order to their better 
management. These furlongs 
were again divided into narrow 
strips, containing about half- 
an acre each, and separated by 

baulks, or furrows. Some of 
them were held by the tenants, 
and some by the lord of the 

Broue : Browne 

Byllyngforde : Billingford 

Carbroke : Carbrook 
Cateryng : Catherine 
Cavston : Causton 
Clemet: Clement 
Couerlecreste : Coverlecrest 
Cursn : Curson 

Edgegraue : Edge grave 
Edmnd : Edmund 
EluPyche : Elverich 
Elyn: Ellen 
Erasmf : Erasmus 
Estagate : Eastgate 
Estderhm : East Dereham 
Eu^ode : Everard 

ffakenhm : Fakenham 
ifolsehm : Foulsham 
ffrack : Frank 
ffrackelyng : Frankelyng 



Gatele : Gately 

Gressenhale, Gressnall : Gressen- 

Herry : Harry, Henry 
Hewghe : Hugh 
How : Hoe 

Jaffry : Jeffery 
Jamys : James 
Jooane : Joan 

Lady Hastens : Lady Hastings 

Landytcher : Launditch 

Lenne : Lynne 

Loue : Love 

Lychehm, Lytchm : Litcham 

IM^chall: Michell 

M^garete : Margaret 

Miches, Mihelmes, Mychaelmas : 

M^tyn: Martin 
Mussolde, Mushold : Mousehold 

Nich, Nichus : Nicholas 
Normady : Normandy 
Norw'^ : Norwich 

Payford; Peinforde : Paynford 
Parckgate : Parkgate 

Pckehyrne : Parkhirne 
Peryma : Peryman 

Robynsfi : Robinson 

Rustfi : Ruston 

Ry. H. : Richard Heyward 

Sand^ : Sanders 
Shetyll: Shettell 
Sohm, Some : Soham 
Stephesfi : Stephenson 
Strawnges : (Le) Strangers 
Swaffhm : Swaffham 
Swaton : S wanton 
Syluerdeane : Silverdeane 
Syluest^ : Sylvester 

Tauner : Taverner 
Tavern^s : Taverner's 
Thorns, Thowse: Thomas 
Thompsn, Thopsn, Thopson : 

Tredell: Trendell 

Walsynghm : Walsingham 
Windhm : "Wymondham 
Wodcoke : Woodcock 
Wy, Wyllm, Wylyam : William 
Wyllsn : Wilson 
Wyssyngsett : Whissonsett 

Yara, Yarrhm : Yarham 





''Anno Regni Ellzabetli, Angliae 
ReginEC, Tertio," in the third 
year of the reign of Elizabeth, 
Queen of England 

"A° Dm," Anno Domini, in 
the year of our Lord 

"A^ 1^ Ed. Sixti," in the first 
year of Edward VI. 

"D, di, dimidium," half 

'' Dne," dominix;, Lady 

" Eiusden," ejusdem, of the same 

''Et sic quietf est dictf Tho. 
Powle hoc xinno," and so the 
said Thomas Powle is quit, i.e.y 
for this year free from any 
further obligation in respect of 
his account 

" Hoc sig," hoc signo, by this 
sign or mark 

*' In p'^m, in p^mis," in primis, first 

*' I?," item, also 

" Nuc," nunc, now 

Ob, obolus = Jc/, a Greek coin. 
Six o^oko'i = one li«XJ^ri 

" OSaf in libr novo," Oneratur 
in libro novo, is filled in or 
entered in a new book 

*' P A"," per annum 

" P^cedens," precedens, foregoing 

"P cosili," per consilium, by the 
inhabitants in meeting assem- 

" Pua," parva, little 

" Pvt," prout, as 

''Reddit'^ solu?," reditus solutus 
est, the rent has been paid 

"S," scilicet, namely 

''T^re Natie^," Terra) Nativae, 
copyhold as opposed to free- 
hold lands 

''Ut hie patr," ut hie patetur, as 
is here made manifest 

" Ut sup," ut supra, as above 
I " ^c," et cetera 



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■ I'^iMit ■■-■■Bf t . .._. ■ I ■ - I II - !■ ■■II II 


28 r-^.R 


North Elmhan, Eng. (Parish) 
Ancient churchwardens' accounts 

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